India: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project

Sovereign Project | 53326-001

The project will support the Government of India in expanding the metro railway network in Bengaluru City by financing two new metro corridors totaling 56 kilometers (km) in length. The project_will_also_support_the_preparation_of_urban_development_plans_and_implementation frameworks_based_on_the_principles_of_transit-oriented_development_(TOD)_and_multimodal integration (MMI). In addition, the project will improve the institutional capacity of relevant state government_agencies_and_stakeholders_at_all_levels_for_the_delivery_of_sustainable_and comprehensive_urban_mobility_solutions_and_planning,_designing,_and_managing_TOD-based urban development schemes and programs. The project will improve mobility, livability, and the urban_environment_in_Bengaluru by_supporting_provision_of an efficient,_safe,_and_inclusive transport_system_for_all_commuters_that_caters_to_the_needs_of_elderly, women,_children,_and differently abled persons.

Project Details

Project Name Bengaluru Metro Rail Project
Project Number 53326-001
Country / Economy India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 4036-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 500.00 million
Loan: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project
Japan International Cooperation Agency US$ 330.42 million
TA 6659-IND: Support for Integrated and Sustainable Urban Development along Mass Rapid Transit Corridors_in Bengaluru
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Urban public transport

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will support the Government of India in expanding the metro railway network in Bengaluru City by financing two new metro corridors totaling 56 kilometers (km) in length. The project_will_also_support_the_preparation_of_urban_development_plans_and_implementation frameworks_based_on_the_principles_of_transit-oriented_development_(TOD)_and_multimodal integration (MMI). In addition, the project will improve the institutional capacity of relevant state government_agencies_and_stakeholders_at_all_levels_for_the_delivery_of_sustainable_and comprehensive_urban_mobility_solutions_and_planning,_designing,_and_managing_TOD-based urban development schemes and programs. The project will improve mobility, livability, and the urban_environment_in_Bengaluru by_supporting_provision_of an efficient,_safe,_and_inclusive transport_system_for_all_commuters_that_caters_to_the_needs_of_elderly, women,_children,_and differently abled persons.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The population of Bengaluru grew by 49% from 2000 to 2018. Migration from other areas in Karnataka and elsewhere, driven by work_opportunities, has accounted for about_30%_of_that_growth. It_is_expected_that_the_population_of_Bengaluru_city_will_reach_16.2 million by 2030, from_about_11.4 million in 2018. The rapid pace of urbanization has not been without_problems,_which_include_urban_sprawl,_unplanned_and/or_sporadic_development, and inadequate infrastructure. This has resulted in congestion, declining mobility for people and goods, high_land_prices, deteriorating_infrastructure,_and_environmental_degradation._These_impacts reduce productivity, inhibit economic efficiency, and negatively affect quality of life. Although the coronavirus_disease_2019_(COVID-19)_has_slowed_economic_activity_in_the_city,_the_trend_of population growth and urbanization is expected to continue.

Rapid_population_growth_and_urbanization, a_lack_of_integrated urban planning, and lagging transport network development have contributed to Bengaluru being one of the most congested cities in the world. Peak hour traffic congestion in the city is worse than in other major cities in India, including Delhi and Mumbai, and the cost of congestion in the city_is_estimated_at_$6_billion_per_year._Vast_urban_sprawl_is_lengthening_the_average_travel distance and time for commuters, especially for those travelling by private vehicle, while average_travel speeds have been steadily declining.

Metro rail is the newest form of public transport in the city. Established in_2005_as_a_special_purpose_vehicle_jointly_held_by_the_Government_of_India_and_the_State Government of Karnataka, Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL) constructed and operates the Bengaluru Metro. Phase 1 of Bengaluru Metro, which is 42.3 km long, was completed and_became_fully_operational_in_2017. It_comprises_the_East-West_(Purple Line)_and_North-South (Green Line) lines. Phase 2 will extend the Purple and Green lines and construct two new corridors (Pink and Yellow lines) with a total length of 72.1 km. Phase 2 is being commissioned progressively, beginning in 2020, and will become fully operational by 2024. Phases 2A and 2B are_new_phases_planned_as_another_two_new_corridors_(expressed_in_blue and light_blue respectively in project map). Developing metro rail connectivity along the ORR and NH-44 toward KIA_will_significantly_improve_the_public_transport_situation_and_reduce_the_number_of_private vehicles on the road.

Population growth in_Bengaluru_city_creates_challenges_related_to_urbanization,_especially_traffic_congestion, decreased mobility, and poor quality of life. To become a livable and inclusive city that balances economic_growth_with_environmental_and_social_equality_considerations,_Bengaluru needs_to adopt_a_multidimensional_approach_covering_urban_planning,_urban_development,_and_public transport_development._To_meet_the_development_objectives_of_the_city,_the_state_government plans_to (i)_expand_and_improve_public_mass_transit_systems_for_the_city,_including_metro_rail, suburban rail, and_bus transport;_and (ii)_pursue TOD,_an_urban_development model to realign growth and densities along sustainably developed mass transit corridors to create higher density, compact,_mixed_use,_mixed_income,_safe,_and_resource_efficient_neighborhoods._TOD_aims_to raise land values along these corridors, generating capital revenues for the state government to meet the city's long-term_investment_needs.

Impact

The project will be aligned with the following impact: Urban mobility in Bengaluru city improved.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Efficiency, safety, gender and social inclusiveness of urban rail mobility in Bengaluru increased

Progress Toward Outcome Works are on track and targeted physical completion date of the project remains unchanged at December 2025.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

New metro lines completed

Urban development plans and implementation frameworks based on transit-oriented development principles and multimodal integration plan developed for Bengaluru.

Capacity of Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited and relevant state line agencies improved in transit-oriented development and multimodal integration

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Contracts for five civil works were awarded on 5 July 2021 (Phase 2A) and 15 December 2021 (Phase 2B). The last 2 packages, construction of depots, were advertised in September 2022.
Geographical Location Bengaluru
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects Phase 2A passes through more developed parts of the city, but proposed designs for this line have adopted a site-specific design approach that will greatly reduce environmental and social impacts. The immediate corridor is mostly lined with commercial establishments, with some portions of Phase 2B passing through open government lands and large residential areas occupying several segments of the 300-meter assessment corridor for both lines. Stations of Phase 2B mostly fall within open grounds. BMRCL prepared environmental impact assessments and contract package-specific environmental management plans (EMP), in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement, which were disclosed on ADB website on 15 June 2020. The EMPs include measures for communicable disease prevention with particular attention to COVID-19 and the safety, health, and environment guidelines for metro projects in India.
Involuntary Resettlement Land acquisition and resettlement for lines 2A and 2B will affect private assets, mainly land and structures that are being acquired under the project. BMRCL prepared resettlement plans, including due diligence for land that had already been acquired. The resettlement plans outline entitlements consistent with national and ADB safeguard requirements, summarize public consultations and information disclosure, describe the grievance redress mechanism, and stipulate institutional arrangements to ensure that the plans are implemented accordingly.
Indigenous Peoples The project will not affect indigenous communities, as defined under ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Consultations with affected communities and key stakeholders were held during project design preparation to gather inputs for the EMPs.
During Project Implementation Regular consultation meetings will be held between the project management and the community during project implementation. A grievance redress mechanism has been established and will be made available online.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be undertaken for consulting services in conformity with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Bidding documents for civil works and consultants will be prepared by BMRCL and approved by ADB.
Procurement Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be undertaken for civil works in conformity with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Bidding documents for civil works and consultants will be prepared by BMRCL and approved by ADB.
Responsible ADB Officer Kasahara, Kaoru
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
Timetable
Concept Clearance 06 Dec 2019
Fact Finding 26 May 2020 to 15 Jun 2020
MRM 14 Sep 2020
Approval 08 Dec 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Sep 2022

Loan 4036-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Dec 2020 19 Aug 2021 24 Sep 2021 30 Jun 2027 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 1,527.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 500.00 02 Dec 2022 423.05 0.00 85%
Counterpart 1,027.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 02 Dec 2022 76.99 0.00 15%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

TA 6659-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Dec 2020 24 Dec 2020 24 Dec 2020 30 Jun 2023 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 02 Dec 2022 405,929.20
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory Satisfactory - Satisfactory

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
L4036-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project [BMRCL/PHASE 2B/Airport Depot] - CORRIGENDUM Invitation for Bids Closed 12 Sep 2022 31 Oct 2022
L4036-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project [BMRCL/PHASE 2B/Airport Depot] - ORIGINAL Invitation for Bids Closed 29 Aug 2022 17 Oct 2022
L4036-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project [BMRCL/PHASE 2A/Remodeling-Baiyappanahalli Depot] Invitation for Bids Closed 24 Aug 2022 10 Oct 2022
Individual Expert - Transport Specialist (ITS and MMI) Individual - Consulting Closed 18 Jan 2022 27 Jan 2022
Individual Expert - TOD and Urban Design/Mobility Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 09 Nov 2021 15 Nov 2021
Consultancy Assignment to Support Integrated and Sustainable Urban Development Along Mass Rapid Transit Corridors in Bengaluru City Firm - Consulting Closed 12 Feb 2021 02 Apr 2021
53326-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project [BMRCL/PHASE 2B /Via &Stns /P1, P2& P3 /69] - CORRIGENDUM 4 Invitation for Bids Closed 29 Dec 2020 29 Jun 2021
53326-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project [BMRCL/PHASE 2B /Via &Stns /P1, P2& P3 /69] - CORRIGENDUM 2 Invitation for Bids Closed 24 Aug 2020 16 Feb 2021
53326-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project [BMRCL/PHASE 2B /Via &Stns /P1, P2& P3 /69] - ORIGINAL Invitation for Bids Closed 14 Jul 2020 04 Sep 2020
53326-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project [BMRCL/PHASE 2A /Via & Stns /P1 & P2/60] - CORRIGENDUM Invitation for Bids Closed 31 Jan 2020 27 Feb 2020
53326-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project [BMRCL/PHASE 2A /Via & Stns /P1 & P2/60] - ORIGINAL Invitation for Bids Closed 20 Dec 2019 06 Feb 2020
53326-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project, Phase-2A & 2B Advance Notice Active 14 Oct 2019

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Construction of elevated structures (Viaduct & Stations) of length 15.011 km from Chainage 21500.000 m to 36511.000 m and two elevated metro stations viz, Bettahalasuru and Doddajala, including Road widening, Utility diversion and allied works. Loan 4036 15 Dec 2021 M/s NCC Ltd. | NCC House, Madhapur, Hyderabad-500081 (Telengana state) Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs 91,367,568.30 91,367,568.30
Construction of elevated structures (Viaduct & Stations) of length 11.003 km (including 281.00 m of Viaduct beyond Phase 2A) from Chainage 0.000 m to 10072.000 m and eight elevated metro stations Loan 4036 15 Dec 2021 M/s NCC Ltd. | NCC House, Madhapur, Hyderabad-500081 (Telengana state) Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs 99,269,651.81 99,269,651.81
Construction of elevated structures (Viaduct & Stations) of length 11.678 km from Chainage 10072.00 m to 21500.000 m and five elevated metro stations viz, Hebbal, Kodigehalli, Jakkur Cross, Yelahanka and Bagalur Cross. Loan 4036 15 Dec 2021 M/s NCC Ltd. | NCC House, Madhapur, Hyderabad-500081 (Telengana state) Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs 100,472,800.30 100,472,800.30
PHASE 2A/P2/60(b): Construction of viaducts & stations, length 9.77km fr Chainage 9859m to 18236m and 7 elevated metrostations incl 1,097 km length link line to Baiyappanahalli, 0.3km length Pocket track Road Widening Utility diversion and allied works Loan 4036 30 Sep 2021 M/s Shankaranarayana Constructions Pvt. Ltd | No. 7 SNC House Residency Road OD No.9 Rajarammohan Roy Road Bengaluru-560 025 Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs 84,498,454.74 83,106,707.80
PHASE 2A/P1/60(a): Construction of Viaduct & Stations of length 9.859km from Chainage 0m to 9859m and 6 elevated metro stations incl road widening Utility diversion and allied works and Construction at Central Silk Board junc of approx length of 2.84 km Loan 4036 30 Sep 2021 M/s AFCONS Infrastructure Ltd. | AFCONS House 16 Shah Industrial Estate Veera Desai Road Azad Nagir Andheri (W) Mumbai-400 053 Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs 106,408,749.30 84,519,002.87
TRTA Technical Assistance 6659 10 Sep 2021 IBI Group India Private Limited | 415, Vipul Plaza, Suncity, Sector 54 Gurgaon, Haryana 122003 India Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs 1,586,469.00

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Aug 2022