India: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project
The project will support the Government of India in expanding the metro railway network in Bengaluru city by financing two new metro corridors totaling 56 kilometers (km) in length. The project will also support the preparation of urban development plans and implementation frameworks based on the principles of transit-oriented development (TOD) and multimodalintegration (MMI). In addition, the project will improve the institutional capacity of relevant state government agencies and stakeholders at all levels for the delivery of sustainable and comprehensive urban mobility solutions and planning, designing, and managing TOD-based urban development schemes and programs. The project will improve mobility, livability, and the urban environment in Bengaluru by supporting provision of an efficient, safe, and inclusive transport system for all commuters that caters to the needs of elderly, women, children, and differently abled persons.
South Asia Department
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|Project Name||Bengaluru Metro Rail Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban public transport
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will support the Government of India in expanding the metro railway network in Bengaluru city by financing two new metro corridors totaling 56 kilometers (km) in length. The project will also support the preparation of urban development plans and implementation frameworks based on the principles of transit-oriented development (TOD) and multimodalintegration (MMI). In addition, the project will improve the institutional capacity of relevant state government agencies and stakeholders at all levels for the delivery of sustainable and comprehensive urban mobility solutions and planning, designing, and managing TOD-based urban development schemes and programs. The project will improve mobility, livability, and the urban environment in Bengaluru by supporting provision of an efficient, safe, and inclusive transport system for all commuters that caters to the needs of elderly, women, children, and differently abled persons.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The population of Bengaluru grew 49% from 2000 to 2018. Migration from other areas in Karnataka and elsewhere, driven by work opportunities, has accounted for about 30% of that growth. It is expected that the population of Bengaluru city will reach 16.2 million by 2030, from about 11.4 million in 2018. The rapid pace of urbanization has not been without problems, which include urban sprawl, unplanned and/or sporadic development, and inadequate infrastructure. This has resulted in congestion, declining mobility for people and goods, high land prices, deteriorating infrastructure, and environmental degradation. These impacts reduce productivity, inhibit economic efficiency, and negatively affect quality of life. Although the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has slowed economic activity in the city, the trend of population growth and urbanization is expected to continue.
Rapid population growth and urbanization, a lack of integrated urban planning, and lagging transport network development have contributed to Bengaluru being one of the most congested cities in the world. Peak hour traffic congestion in the city is worse than in other major cities in India, including Delhi and Mumbai, and the cost of congestion in the city is estimated at $6 billion per year. Vast urban sprawl is lengthening the average travel distance and time for commuters, especially for those travelling by private vehicle, while average travel speeds have been steadily declining.
Metro rail is the newest form of public transport in the city. Established in 2005 as a special purpose vehicle jointly held by the Government of India and the State Government of Karnataka, Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL) constructed and operates the Bengaluru Metro. Phase 1 of Bengaluru Metro, which is 42.3 km long, was completed and became fully operational in 2017.14 It comprises the East West (Purple Line) and North South (Green Line) lines. Phase 2 will extend the Purple and Green lines and construct two new corridors (Pink and Yellow lines) with a total length of 72.1 km. Phase 2 is being commissioned progressively, beginning in 2020, and will become fully operational by 2024.15 Phases 2A and 2B are new phases planned as another two new corridors (expressed in blue and light blue respectively in project map). Developing metro rail connectivity along the ORR and NH-44 toward KIA will significantly improve the public transport situation and reduce the number of private vehicles on the road.
Population growth in Bengaluru city creates challenges related to urbanization, especially traffic congestion, decreased mobility, and poor quality of life. To become a livable and inclusive city that balances economic growth with environmental and social equality considerations, Bengaluru needs to adopt a multidimensional approach covering urban planning, urban development, and public transport development. To meet the development objectives of the city, the state government plans to (i) expand and improve public mass transit systems for the city, including metro rail, suburban rail, and bus transport; and (ii) pursue TOD, an urban development model to realign growth and densities along sustainably developed mass transit corridors to create higher density, compact, mixed use, mixed income, safe, and resource efficient neighborhoods. TOD aims to raise land values along these corridors, generating capital revenues for the state government to meet the city's long-term investment needs.
|Impact||The project will be aligned with the following impact: Urban mobility in Bengaluru city improved.|
|Description of Outcome||Efficiency, safety, gender and social inclusiveness of urban rail mobility in Bengaluru increased|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
New metro lines completed
Urban development plans and implementation frameworks based on transit-oriented development principles and multimodal integration plan developed for Bengaluru.
Capacity of Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited and relevant state line agencies improved in transit-oriented development and multimodal integration
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Bengaluru|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be undertaken for consulting services in conformity with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Bidding documents for civil works and consultants will be prepared by BMRCL and approved by ADB.|
|Procurement||Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be undertaken for civil works in conformity with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Bidding documents for civil works and consultants will be prepared by BMRCL and approved by ADB.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Kasahara, Kaoru|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SARD|
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
Nirman Bhawan, Maulana Azad Road
New Delhi 110 011
|Concept Clearance||06 Dec 2019|
|Fact Finding||26 May 2020 to 15 Jun 2020|
|MRM||14 Sep 2020|
|Approval||08 Dec 2020|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||08 Dec 2020|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|08 Dec 2020||19 Aug 2021||-||30 Jun 2027||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1,857.42||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||500.00||07 Sep 2021||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||330.42||07 Sep 2021||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|08 Dec 2020||24 Dec 2020||24 Dec 2020||30 Jun 2023||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|2,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,000,000.00||07 Sep 2021||0.00|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Loan Agreement (Ordinary Operations) for Loan 4036-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project||Loan Agreement (Ordinary Resources)||Aug 2021|
|Project Agreement for Loan 4036-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project||Project/Program Agreements||Aug 2021|
|Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Report and Recommendation of the President||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2020|
|Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Gender Equality and Social Inclusion Action Plan||Gender Action Plans||Nov 2020|
|Support for Integrated and Sustainable Urban Development along Mass Rapid Transit Corridors in Bengaluru City: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Nov 2020|
|Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Project Administration Manual||Project/Program Administration Manual||Oct 2020|
|Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Jun 2020|
|Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Dec 2019|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Environmental Impact Assessment||Environmental Impact Assessments||Oct 2020|
|Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Phase 2B K.R. Puram to Airport Draft Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Sep 2020|
|Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Phase 2A Outer Ring Road Silk Board to K.R. Puram Draft Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Sep 2020|
|Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Environmental Impact Assessment||Environmental Impact Assessments||Jun 2020|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB, India Sign $500 Million Loan to Expand Metro Rail Network in BengaluruThe Asian Development Bank and the Government of India signed a $500 million loan to expand the metro rail network in Bengaluru with the construction of two new metro lines totaling 56 kilometers in length.
ADB Approves $500 Million Loan to Expand Metro Rail Network in BengaluruThe Asian Development Bank has approved a $500 million loan to construct new metro rail lines in Bengaluru, India.
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