India: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 53326-001

The project will support the Government of India in expanding the metro railway network in Bengaluru city by financing two new metro corridors totaling 56 kilometers (km) in length. The project will also support the preparation of urban development plans and implementation frameworks based on the principles of transit-oriented development (TOD) and multimodalintegration (MMI). In addition, the project will improve the institutional capacity of relevant state government agencies and stakeholders at all levels for the delivery of sustainable and comprehensive urban mobility solutions and planning, designing, and managing TOD-based urban development schemes and programs. The project will improve mobility, livability, and the urban environment in Bengaluru by supporting provision of an efficient, safe, and inclusive transport system for all commuters that caters to the needs of elderly, women, children, and differently abled persons.

Project Details

Project Name Bengaluru Metro Rail Project
Project Number 53326-001
Country India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 4036-IND: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 500.00 million
Loan: Bengaluru Metro Rail Project
Japan International Cooperation Agency US$ 330.42 million
TA 6659-IND: Support for Integrated and Sustainable Urban Development along Mass Rapid Transit Corridors in Bengaluru
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 2.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Urban public transport

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will support the Government of India in expanding the metro railway network in Bengaluru city by financing two new metro corridors totaling 56 kilometers (km) in length. The project will also support the preparation of urban development plans and implementation frameworks based on the principles of transit-oriented development (TOD) and multimodalintegration (MMI). In addition, the project will improve the institutional capacity of relevant state government agencies and stakeholders at all levels for the delivery of sustainable and comprehensive urban mobility solutions and planning, designing, and managing TOD-based urban development schemes and programs. The project will improve mobility, livability, and the urban environment in Bengaluru by supporting provision of an efficient, safe, and inclusive transport system for all commuters that caters to the needs of elderly, women, children, and differently abled persons.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The population of Bengaluru grew 49% from 2000 to 2018. Migration from other areas in Karnataka and elsewhere, driven by work opportunities, has accounted for about 30% of that growth. It is expected that the population of Bengaluru city will reach 16.2 million by 2030, from about 11.4 million in 2018. The rapid pace of urbanization has not been without problems, which include urban sprawl, unplanned and/or sporadic development, and inadequate infrastructure. This has resulted in congestion, declining mobility for people and goods, high land prices, deteriorating infrastructure, and environmental degradation. These impacts reduce productivity, inhibit economic efficiency, and negatively affect quality of life. Although the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has slowed economic activity in the city, the trend of population growth and urbanization is expected to continue.

Rapid population growth and urbanization, a lack of integrated urban planning, and lagging transport network development have contributed to Bengaluru being one of the most congested cities in the world. Peak hour traffic congestion in the city is worse than in other major cities in India, including Delhi and Mumbai, and the cost of congestion in the city is estimated at $6 billion per year. Vast urban sprawl is lengthening the average travel distance and time for commuters, especially for those travelling by private vehicle, while average travel speeds have been steadily declining.

Metro rail is the newest form of public transport in the city. Established in 2005 as a special purpose vehicle jointly held by the Government of India and the State Government of Karnataka, Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL) constructed and operates the Bengaluru Metro. Phase 1 of Bengaluru Metro, which is 42.3 km long, was completed and became fully operational in 2017.14 It comprises the East West (Purple Line) and North South (Green Line) lines. Phase 2 will extend the Purple and Green lines and construct two new corridors (Pink and Yellow lines) with a total length of 72.1 km. Phase 2 is being commissioned progressively, beginning in 2020, and will become fully operational by 2024.15 Phases 2A and 2B are new phases planned as another two new corridors (expressed in blue and light blue respectively in project map). Developing metro rail connectivity along the ORR and NH-44 toward KIA will significantly improve the public transport situation and reduce the number of private vehicles on the road.

Population growth in Bengaluru city creates challenges related to urbanization, especially traffic congestion, decreased mobility, and poor quality of life. To become a livable and inclusive city that balances economic growth with environmental and social equality considerations, Bengaluru needs to adopt a multidimensional approach covering urban planning, urban development, and public transport development. To meet the development objectives of the city, the state government plans to (i) expand and improve public mass transit systems for the city, including metro rail, suburban rail, and bus transport; and (ii) pursue TOD, an urban development model to realign growth and densities along sustainably developed mass transit corridors to create higher density, compact, mixed use, mixed income, safe, and resource efficient neighborhoods. TOD aims to raise land values along these corridors, generating capital revenues for the state government to meet the city's long-term investment needs.

Impact The project will be aligned with the following impact: Urban mobility in Bengaluru city improved.
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Efficiency, safety, gender and social inclusiveness of urban rail mobility in Bengaluru increased
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

New metro lines completed

Urban development plans and implementation frameworks based on transit-oriented development principles and multimodal integration plan developed for Bengaluru.

Capacity of Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited and relevant state line agencies improved in transit-oriented development and multimodal integration

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide, Bengaluru
Safeguard Categories
Environment A
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be undertaken for consulting services in conformity with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Bidding documents for civil works and consultants will be prepared by BMRCL and approved by ADB.
Procurement Advance contracting and retroactive financing will be undertaken for civil works in conformity with ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time). Bidding documents for civil works and consultants will be prepared by BMRCL and approved by ADB.
Responsible ADB Officer Kasahara, Kaoru
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
Nirman Bhawan, Maulana Azad Road
New Delhi 110 011
India
Timetable
Concept Clearance 06 Dec 2019
Fact Finding 26 May 2020 to 15 Jun 2020
MRM 14 Sep 2020
Approval 08 Dec 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 08 Dec 2020

Loan 4036-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Dec 2020 19 Aug 2021 - 30 Jun 2027 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 1,857.42 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 500.00 07 Sep 2021 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 1,027.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 330.42 07 Sep 2021 0.00 0.00 0%

TA 6659-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
08 Dec 2020 24 Dec 2020 24 Dec 2020 30 Jun 2023 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
2,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2,000,000.00 07 Sep 2021 0.00

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

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Tenders


Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found


Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Bengaluru Metro Rail Project: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Jun 2020