India : Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project
The project will upgrade about 312.5 kilometers (km) of state highways and major district roads (MDRs) in Assam, including six road sections in the western, central, and southern regions. Reduced travel time and vehicle operating costs, and the operation of public transport services, will improve the mobility and accessibility of people in the less developed areas of Assam; and provide a vital link to markets, jobs, social services, and education and health facilities. Improved connectivity from the Assam hinterland to SASEC corridors is expected to spur growth in the entire state. The project will also strengthen the institutional capacity of the Public Works (Roads) Department in climate and disaster resilience, road asset management, and safeguards; and conduct road safety improvement works and a road safety awareness program.
South Asia Department
Request for information
2 December 2022
|Project Name||Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project|
|Country / Economy||India
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Operational Priorities||OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will upgrade about 312.5 kilometers (km) of state highways and major district roads (MDRs) in Assam, including six road sections in the western, central, and southern regions. Reduced travel time and vehicle operating costs, and the operation of public transport services, will improve the mobility and accessibility of people in the less developed areas of Assam; and provide a vital link to markets, jobs, social services, and education and health facilities. Improved connectivity from the Assam hinterland to SASEC corridors is expected to spur growth in the entire state. The project will also strengthen the institutional capacity of the Public Works (Roads) Department in climate and disaster resilience, road asset management, and safeguards; and conduct road safety improvement works and a road safety awareness program.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The Government of Assam (GOA) targets building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and fostering innovation to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all in the Assam Vision 2030 released in 2016. The GOA's Assam Vision 2030 has strategic architecture on (i) implementing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals as a single synergized initiative; (ii) technology, innovation, knowledge management, and management of change; and (iii) mobilization and utilization of resources. It emphasizes transport connectivity as a strategy to double the industry's share in employment and the net SDP by 2030.
In 2021, the GOA launched Asom Mala, a flagship road improvement program to enhance the quality and service of state highway and MDR networks and fill critical infrastructure gaps through effective interventions like the development of alternative corridors, feeder routes, and roads near international borders. The Asom Mala program has identified 31 priority sections of state highways and MDRs, with a total length of 1,296 km, for improvement. The program is funded by the state budget and external financing, including this project.
The proposed project aligns with ADB's country partnership strategy for India, 2018-2022, which aims to boost economic competitiveness, create more and better jobs, provide inclusive access to infrastructure networks and services, address climate change and increase climate resilience, and build greater institutional capacities. The project contributes to six operational priorities of ADB's Strategy 2030.
Sustainable and inclusive growth in Assam achieved.
|Description of Outcome||
Connectivity to South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation corridors in the western, central, and southern regions of Assam improved.
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
1. State highways and MDRs improved.
2.Institutional capacity of Assam PWRD in climate and disaster resilience, road asset management, and safeguards strengthened.
Road safety measures on state highways and MDRs in the project districts enhanced
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Assam|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The project impacts include dust, noise, and air quality impacts; and occupational and community health and safety risks. A consolidated initial environmental examination has been prepared for all six project roads with contract package-specific environmental management plans, which were attached to bid documents for works. The project team held meaningful consultations with affected communities and key stakeholders, and the concerns and inputs raised have been considered in the final alignment and road designs. None of the project roads are located within any notified protected area or eco-sensitive zones that would require environment or wildlife clearance under environmental impact assessment notification. However, three project roads (A03, A04, and A21) require forest diversion. Asian elephant movement has been reported at Komorakata Reserve Forest along project road A21, and elevated road structures have been designed along the elephant crossing points to avoid human-elephant conflict. Three project roads (A04, A23, and A26) are in key biodiversity areas (KBAs). None of these KBAs qualify as critical habitats following the International Finance Corporation's Performance Standard 6 and its accompanying Guidance Note. However, the golden langur (Trachypithecus geei), an endangered primate endemic to Assam and Bhutan, is a qualifying species for a critical habitat because of its limited distribution range and considering the two closely located corridors of A03 and A04 falling within it. Mitigation measures have been included in the environmental management plans to ensure that no negative impacts on these species and KBAs occur because of the project. A natural habitat assessment determined that the project will not cause any net loss; rather, it will create a net gain because of afforestation measures. Awareness campaigns will include material on nearby KBAs and key species. The project will conduct a pre-construction assessment of wildlife crossing structures and develop related mitigation measures before construction. A biodiversity expert is included in the Construction Supervision Consultant (CSC) to guide and refine the implementation of mitigation measures and monitor their effectiveness. Consultation will continue throughout the project implementation. Concerns will be addressed through the grievance redress mechanism of the state government. The PWRD will monitor the implementation through dedicated project implementation units in the project districts, supported by the CSC. The PWRD will prepare semiannual monitoring reports and submit them to ADB for disclosure, both on the ADB and PWRD websites, and conduct annual monitoring during operations until the project completion report is prepared by ADB.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project will minimize involuntary resettlement impacts by constructing bypasses and realignments in congested areas and revisiting the proposed right-of-way at sections of the project roads. Still, the six project roads will require about 375.3 hectares (ha) of private land and 77.72 ha of government land, and about 6,987 households (35,030 individuals) will be affected by land acquisition and resettlement. The impact on about 3,414 households (15,875 individuals), which is about 48.86% of the total, will be significant. The significant impact comprises physical displacement of 769 households, economic displacement of 2,559 households, and both physical and economic displacement of 86 households. The PWRD has prepared six resettlement plans following the relevant acts and policy, and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement, based on preliminary resettlement surveys, social assessments, and consultations with all stakeholders. The resettlement plans outline the entitlements, summary of public consultations and information disclosure, grievance redress mechanism, and institutional arrangements to ensure orderly implementation; and will be updated based on the information gathered during the award enquiry phase and as the project design is finalized. The PWRD has the capacity and commitment to ensure that land acquisition and resettlement activities are carried out adequately, following all applicable requirements. The PWRD will engage a resettlement plan implementation consultant to implement the six resettlement plans. The PWRD will prepare semiannual monitoring reports and submit them for disclosure, both on the ADB and PWRD websites. An external monitor engaged by the PWRD will monitor land acquisition and resettlement independently to validate the implementation of the resettlement plans, following national requirements and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Project road A03 passes through Chirang district; project road A21 passes through West Karbi Anglong and Karbi Anglong districts; and project road A23 passes through Dima Hasao district in Assam. These roads have a significant population of tribal communities organized under their respective councils. Tribal communities own about 336.488 ha of land along the three project roads. About 29% (2,041 households) of the project-affected households are tribal households. The major scheduled tribes affected in the Dima Hasao autonomous district are Dimasas, Vaipheis, Khasi-pnars, and Khelmas. The scheduled tribes in the Karbi Anglong autonomous district are Karbis, Rengmas, and Kuki-Chin people. In Chirang, most are the Bodo tribe. An adequate assessment of impacts has been done in terms of the physical, economic, social, and cultural impacts, including the land tenure system. The project will have no impact on their social and cultural activities. The impacted people will remain in the same village with the same community. An indigenous peoples plan (IPP) has been prepared, including the following development activities: (i) providing quality educational facilities for each project road, (ii) providing community toilets in marketplaces, (iii) supplying water to the tribe villages, and (iv) restoring heritage and developing tourism. The IPP also documents broad community support for the project that will cause physical displacement from traditional and customary lands and the potential impact on lifestyles. The IPP has been disclosed on the ADB and PWRD websites, and hard copies have been made available at local council offices in the local language and in English. Institutional capacity building of the PWRD is required for the implementation of the IPP and will be supported by the resettlement plan implementation consultant. The PWRD will prepare semiannual monitoring reports and submit them for disclosure, both on the ADB and PWRD websites. An external monitor will be engaged to validate the implementation progress of the IPP.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Intensive stakeholder consultations with vulnerable groups during the project preparation confirmed that the connectivity to other villages, market centers, educational institutions, health centers, and district centers are the major issues of people living along the project roads.|
|During Project Implementation||Consultation will continue throughout the project implementation.|
|Consulting Services||PWRD engages (i) construction supervision consulting services for road improvement works, (ii) resettlement plan implementation consulting services, (iii) consulting services for institutional development of PWRD, (iv) road safety consulting services, (v) financial management consulting services, (vi) internal audit consulting services, and (vii) project implementation supports.|
|Procurement||PWRD engages (i) civil works for upgrading about 312.5 km of the state highways and MDRs with 5-year performance-based road maintenance; (ii) civil works for road safety improvement in the project districts; (iii) project management unit office building renovation, upgradation, and refurbishment; and (iv) road operation equipment and facilities.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Tanaka, Yasushi|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport and Communications Division, SARD|
Public Works (Roads) Department, Government of Assam
|Concept Clearance||27 Jan 2022|
|Fact Finding||21 Mar 2022 to 10 May 2022|
|MRM||21 Sep 2022|
|Approval||02 Dec 2022|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||06 Dec 2022|
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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Consultancy services for road safety improvement on state highways and major district roads in project area of ASCCIP||Firm - Consulting||Closed|
|Consultancy services for Resettlement Plan Implementation under ARNIP||Firm - Consulting||Closed|
|53335-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project [A/RI/3; A/RI/4; A/RI/5; A/RI/6; A/RI/7; A/RI/8] - CORRIGENDUM||Invitation for Bids||Closed|
|53335-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project [A/RI/3; A/RI/4; A/RI/5; A/RI/6; A/RI/7; A/RI/8] - ORIGINAL||Invitation for Bids||Closed|
|53335-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project [A/RI/2; A/RI/9; A/RI/10; A/RI/11]||Invitation for Bids||Closed|
|53335-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project [A/RI/1]||Invitation for Bids||Closed|
|Construction Supervision Consultancy Services for road improvement works in A03, A04, A21, A23, A25, A26||Firm - Consulting||Closed|
|53335-001-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project||Advance Notice||Closed|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Oct 2022|