India : Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project

Sovereign Project | 53335-001

The project will upgrade about 312.5 kilometers (km) of state highways and major district roads (MDRs) in Assam, including six road sections in the western, central, and southern regions. Reduced travel time and vehicle operating costs, and the operation of public transport services, will improve the mobility and accessibility of people in the less developed areas of Assam; and provide a vital link to markets, jobs, social services, and education and health facilities. Improved connectivity from the Assam hinterland to SASEC corridors is expected to spur growth in the entire state. The project will also strengthen the institutional capacity of the Public Works (Roads) Department in climate and disaster resilience, road asset management, and safeguards; and conduct road safety improvement works and a road safety awareness program.

Project Details

Project Name Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project
Project Number 53335-001
Country / Economy India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 4265-IND: Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 300.00 million
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Road transport (non-urban)

Gender Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The project will upgrade about 312.5 kilometers (km) of state highways and major district roads (MDRs) in Assam, including six road sections in the western, central, and southern regions. Reduced travel time and vehicle operating costs, and the operation of public transport services, will improve the mobility and accessibility of people in the less developed areas of Assam; and provide a vital link to markets, jobs, social services, and education and health facilities. Improved connectivity from the Assam hinterland to SASEC corridors is expected to spur growth in the entire state. The project will also strengthen the institutional capacity of the Public Works (Roads) Department in climate and disaster resilience, road asset management, and safeguards; and conduct road safety improvement works and a road safety awareness program.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Government of Assam (GOA) targets building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and fostering innovation to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all in the Assam Vision 2030 released in 2016. The GOA's Assam Vision 2030 has strategic architecture on (i) implementing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals as a single synergized initiative; (ii) technology, innovation, knowledge management, and management of change; and (iii) mobilization and utilization of resources. It emphasizes transport connectivity as a strategy to double the industry's share in employment and the net SDP by 2030.

In 2021, the GOA launched Asom Mala, a flagship road improvement program to enhance the quality and service of state highway and MDR networks and fill critical infrastructure gaps through effective interventions like the development of alternative corridors, feeder routes, and roads near international borders. The Asom Mala program has identified 31 priority sections of state highways and MDRs, with a total length of 1,296 km, for improvement. The program is funded by the state budget and external financing, including this project.

The proposed project aligns with ADB's country partnership strategy for India, 2018-2022, which aims to boost economic competitiveness, create more and better jobs, provide inclusive access to infrastructure networks and services, address climate change and increase climate resilience, and build greater institutional capacities. The project contributes to six operational priorities of ADB's Strategy 2030.

Impact

Sustainable and inclusive growth in Assam achieved.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Connectivity to South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation corridors in the western, central, and southern regions of Assam improved.

Progress Toward Outcome 10 civil work packages and one CSC contract have been awarded as of 28 November 2023.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

1. State highways and MDRs improved.

2.Institutional capacity of Assam PWRD in climate and disaster resilience, road asset management, and safeguards strengthened.

Road safety measures on state highways and MDRs in the project districts enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

1. 10 out of 11 civil works packages have been awarded and contractors mobilized.

2. Not yet started.

3. Not yet started.

Geographical Location Nation-wide, Assam
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement A
Indigenous Peoples A
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project impacts include dust, noise, and air quality impacts; and occupational and community health and safety risks. A consolidated initial environmental examination has been prepared for all six project roads with contract package-specific environmental management plans, which were attached to bid documents for works. The project team held meaningful consultations with affected communities and key stakeholders, and the concerns and inputs raised have been considered in the final alignment and road designs. None of the project roads are located within any notified protected area or eco-sensitive zones that would require environment or wildlife clearance under environmental impact assessment notification. However, three project roads (A03, A04, and A21) require forest diversion. Asian elephant movement has been reported at Komorakata Reserve Forest along project road A21, and elevated road structures have been designed along the elephant crossing points to avoid human-elephant conflict. Three project roads (A04, A23, and A26) are in key biodiversity areas (KBAs). None of these KBAs qualify as critical habitats following the International Finance Corporation's Performance Standard 6 and its accompanying Guidance Note. However, the golden langur (Trachypithecus geei), an endangered primate endemic to Assam and Bhutan, is a qualifying species for a critical habitat because of its limited distribution range and considering the two closely located corridors of A03 and A04 falling within it. Mitigation measures have been included in the environmental management plans to ensure that no negative impacts on these species and KBAs occur because of the project. A natural habitat assessment determined that the project will not cause any net loss; rather, it will create a net gain because of afforestation measures. Awareness campaigns will include material on nearby KBAs and key species. The project will conduct a pre-construction assessment of wildlife crossing structures and develop related mitigation measures before construction. A biodiversity expert is included in the Construction Supervision Consultant (CSC) to guide and refine the implementation of mitigation measures and monitor their effectiveness. Consultation will continue throughout the project implementation. Concerns will be addressed through the grievance redress mechanism of the state government. The PWRD will monitor the implementation through dedicated project implementation units in the project districts, supported by the CSC. The PWRD will prepare semiannual monitoring reports and submit them to ADB for disclosure, both on the ADB and PWRD websites, and conduct annual monitoring during operations until the project completion report is prepared by ADB.
Involuntary Resettlement The project will minimize involuntary resettlement impacts by constructing bypasses and realignments in congested areas and revisiting the proposed right-of-way at sections of the project roads. Still, the six project roads will require about 375.3 hectares (ha) of private land and 77.72 ha of government land, and about 6,987 households (35,030 individuals) will be affected by land acquisition and resettlement. The impact on about 3,414 households (15,875 individuals), which is about 48.86% of the total, will be significant. The significant impact comprises physical displacement of 769 households, economic displacement of 2,559 households, and both physical and economic displacement of 86 households. The PWRD has prepared six resettlement plans following the relevant acts and policy, and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement, based on preliminary resettlement surveys, social assessments, and consultations with all stakeholders. The resettlement plans outline the entitlements, summary of public consultations and information disclosure, grievance redress mechanism, and institutional arrangements to ensure orderly implementation; and will be updated based on the information gathered during the award enquiry phase and as the project design is finalized. The PWRD has the capacity and commitment to ensure that land acquisition and resettlement activities are carried out adequately, following all applicable requirements. The PWRD will engage a resettlement plan implementation consultant to implement the six resettlement plans. The PWRD will prepare semiannual monitoring reports and submit them for disclosure, both on the ADB and PWRD websites. An external monitor engaged by the PWRD will monitor land acquisition and resettlement independently to validate the implementation of the resettlement plans, following national requirements and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement.
Indigenous Peoples Project road A03 passes through Chirang district; project road A21 passes through West Karbi Anglong and Karbi Anglong districts; and project road A23 passes through Dima Hasao district in Assam. These roads have a significant population of tribal communities organized under their respective councils. Tribal communities own about 336.488 ha of land along the three project roads. About 29% (2,041 households) of the project-affected households are tribal households. The major scheduled tribes affected in the Dima Hasao autonomous district are Dimasas, Vaipheis, Khasi-pnars, and Khelmas. The scheduled tribes in the Karbi Anglong autonomous district are Karbis, Rengmas, and Kuki-Chin people. In Chirang, most are the Bodo tribe. An adequate assessment of impacts has been done in terms of the physical, economic, social, and cultural impacts, including the land tenure system. The project will have no impact on their social and cultural activities. The impacted people will remain in the same village with the same community. An indigenous peoples plan (IPP) has been prepared, including the following development activities: (i) providing quality educational facilities for each project road, (ii) providing community toilets in marketplaces, (iii) supplying water to the tribe villages, and (iv) restoring heritage and developing tourism. The IPP also documents broad community support for the project that will cause physical displacement from traditional and customary lands and the potential impact on lifestyles. The IPP has been disclosed on the ADB and PWRD websites, and hard copies have been made available at local council offices in the local language and in English. Institutional capacity building of the PWRD is required for the implementation of the IPP and will be supported by the resettlement plan implementation consultant. The PWRD will prepare semiannual monitoring reports and submit them for disclosure, both on the ADB and PWRD websites. An external monitor will be engaged to validate the implementation progress of the IPP.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Intensive stakeholder consultations with vulnerable groups during the project preparation confirmed that the connectivity to other villages, market centers, educational institutions, health centers, and district centers are the major issues of people living along the project roads.
During Project Implementation Consultation will continue throughout the project implementation.
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services PWRD engages (i) construction supervision consulting services for road improvement works, (ii) resettlement plan implementation consulting services, (iii) consulting services for institutional development of PWRD, (iv) road safety consulting services, (v) financial management consulting services, (vi) internal audit consulting services, and (vii) project implementation supports.
Procurement PWRD engages (i) civil works for upgrading about 312.5 km of the state highways and MDRs with 5-year performance-based road maintenance; (ii) civil works for road safety improvement in the project districts; (iii) project management unit office building renovation, upgradation, and refurbishment; and (iv) road operation equipment and facilities.
Responsible ADB Officer Tanaka, Yasushi
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Transport Sector Office (SG-TRA)
Executing Agencies
Public Works (Roads) Department, Government of Assam
Timetable
Concept Clearance 27 Jan 2022
Fact Finding 21 Mar 2022 to 10 May 2022
MRM 21 Sep 2022
Approval 02 Dec 2022
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Nov 2023

Loan 4265-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Dec 2022 28 Dec 2022 27 Mar 2023 30 Jun 2029 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 500.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 300.00 18 Mar 2024 190.39 0.00 63%
Counterpart 200.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Mar 2024 9.80 0.00 3%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Updated Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Nov 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Haflong Tiniali via Dehangi to Lower Haflong (A23) Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Sep 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Jogighopa to Bongaigaon (A04) Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Sep 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Draft Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Sep 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Updated Indigenous Peoples Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Sep 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Borkhola to Khambar Bazar Kalain (A25) Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Sep 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Hamren to Howraghat Tiniali via Tumpreng, Hojai and Nilbagan (A21) Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Sep 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Chapaguri to Amteka (A03) Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Sep 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Bhanga to Dwarbond via Baribgool and Rakhalbasti (A26) Updated Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Sep 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Draft Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Aug 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Indigenous Peoples Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Aug 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Haflong Tiniali via Dehangi to Lower Haflong (A23) Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Chapaguri to Amteka (A03) Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Bhanga to Dwarbond via Baribgool and Rakhalbasti (A26) Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Borkhola to Khambar Bazar Kalain (A25) Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Jogighopa to Bongaigaon (A04) Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2022
Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project: Hamren to Howraghat Tiniali via Tumpreng, Hojai and Nilbagan (A21) Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Jun 2022

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
L4265-IND: Assam South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Corridor Connectivity Improvement Project (ASCCIP) [A/RI-8A] Invitation for Bids Active
Consultancy Services for Institutional Development of PWRD under ASCCIP Firm - Consulting Closed
Financial Management Consulting Services for ASCCIP Firm - Consulting Closed
Consulting Services for Internal Auditing Services for ASCCIP Firm - Consulting Closed
Consultancy services for road safety improvement on state highways and major district roads in project area of ASCCIP Firm - Consulting Closed
Consultancy services for Resettlement Plan Implementation under ARNIP Firm - Consulting Closed
53335-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project [A/RI/3; A/RI/4; A/RI/5; A/RI/6; A/RI/7; A/RI/8] - CORRIGENDUM Invitation for Bids Closed
53335-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project [A/RI/3; A/RI/4; A/RI/5; A/RI/6; A/RI/7; A/RI/8] - ORIGINAL Invitation for Bids Closed
53335-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project [A/RI/2; A/RI/9; A/RI/10; A/RI/11] Invitation for Bids Closed
53335-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project [A/RI/1] Invitation for Bids Closed
Construction Supervision Consultancy Services for road improvement works in A03, A04, A21, A23, A25, A26 Firm - Consulting Closed
53335-001-IND: Assam Road Network Improvement Project Advance Notice Closed

Contracts Awarded

Contract Title Approval Number Contract Date Contractor | Address Executing Agency Total Contract Amount (US$) Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)
Improvement, upgradation and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A21_1: Hamren Tumpreng Hojai Nilbagan Howraghat Karkok (Hamren to Tumpreng) (Length - 29.70 km) Loan 4265 04 Oct 2023 ABCI Infrastructures Pvt. Ltd. | Club Road, Silchar-788001, Assam, India Public Works (Roads) Department, Government of Assam 26,632,612.15 21,282,521.09
Improvement, upgradation and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A21_2: Tumpreng - Nilbagan (Length:18.900 km) Loan 4265 29 Sep 2023 Shree Gautam - Anupam JV | 4th Floor, Amaze Tower, A.T. Road, Paltan Bazar, Guwahati-781001, Assam, India Public Works (Roads) Department, Gov't of Assam 37,647,663.80 30,209,499.61
Improvement, upgradation, and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A23 from Haflong Tiniali Dehangi Lower Haflong (Nasingwari to Thanalambra) (Length: 30.000 km) Loan 4265 29 Sep 2023 Shree Gautam - Anupam JV | 4TH FLOOR, AMAZE TOWER, A.T. ROAD, PALTAN BAZAR, GUWAHATI-781001, ASSAM, INDIA Public Works (Roads) Department, Gov't of Assam 25,147,998.45 20,179,431.41
Improvement, upgradation, and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A23 from Haflong Tiniali Dehangi Lower Haflong (Haflong tiniali to Nasingwari) (Length: 31.000 km) Loan 4265 29 Sep 2023 Anupam Nirman Pvt. Ltd. | Bhaskar Nagar, By Lane No. 2, Behind B.S. Publication, Zoo-Narengi Road, Guwahati-781021, Assam, India Public Works (Roads) Department, Gov't of Assam 21,230,401.46 17,035,846.05
Construction supervision consultancy services for road improvement works in A03, A04, A21, A23, A25, and A26 Loan 4265 05 Jul 2023 Nippon Koei Co., Ltd. in Joint Venture with Dainichi Consultant Inc. and NIPPON KOEI INDIA PVT. LTD. | Tokyo, Japan Public Works (Roads) Department, Government of Assam 8,343,719.84 8,333,626.04
Improvement, upgradation and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A21_3: HamrenTumpreng Hojai Nilbagan Howraghat Karkok (Nilbagan to Karkok) (Length - 26.803 km) Loan 4265 05 Jul 2023 Niraj Babul Nath Joint Venture | EX-POLICE LINE, TEZPUR, P.O. & P.S. - TEZPUR, DISTRICT - SONITPUR, ASSAM, 784001, INDIA Public Works (Roads) Department, Gov't of Assam 15,926,304.65 12,725,630.26
Improvement, upgradation, and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A26 from Bhanga-Sessabari (Length: 23.600 km) Loan 4265 08 May 2023 Shree Gautam - CP (JV) [(Shree Gautam Construction Co. Ltd. - Chanchal Paul (JV)] | 4TH FLOOR, AMAZE TOWERS, A. T. ROAD, PALTAN BAZAR, GUWAHATI - 781001, ASSAM, INDIA Public Works (Roads) Department, Gov't of Assam 14,883,656.69 11,782,525.07
Improvement, upgradation, and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A26 from Sessabari- Dwarbond (Length: 23.800 km) Loan 4265 08 May 2023 ABCI Infrastructures Pvt. Ltd. | CLUB ROAD SILCHIR - 788001, ASSAM, INDIA Public Works (Roads) Department, Gov't of Assam 18,357,383.60 14,532,472.57
Improvement, upgradation, and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A04 from Jogighopa-Bongaigaon (Length: 36.791 km) Loan 4265 08 May 2023 SHREE GAUTAM - ANUPAM (JV) | 4TH FLOOR, AMAZE TOWER, A. T. ROAD, PALTAN BAZAR, GUWAHATI-781001, ASSAM, INDIA Public Works (Roads) Department, Gov't of Assam 32,090,482.64 25,404,168.08
Improvement, upgradation, and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A25 from Borkhola-Kalain (Length: 21.387 km) Loan 4265 08 May 2023 VIDPL-DCA (JV) [Vikram Infratech Developers Private Limited- D. C. Ajmera (JV)] | HOTEL PRATIBHA EXECUTIVE, OPP. NAGARPARISHAD, NEAR ST BUS STAND, OSMANAD - 413 501, MAHARASTRA, INDIA Public Works (Roads) Department, Gov't of Assam 12,709,209.19 10,061,141.49
Improvement, upgradation, and 5-year performance-based maintenance works of Road A03: Chapaguri-Amteka-Bhutan Border (Length: 40.776 km) Loan 4265 05 Apr 2023 M/s BHARTIA- BVEPL (Joint Venture) | 201, Royal Arcade, 2nd Floor, Dr. B. Baruah Road, Ulubari, Guwahati - 781 007, India Public Works (Roads) Department, Gov't of Assam 24,942,620.56 20,051,521.64

Procurement Plan