Cambodia : Road Network Improvement Project (Phase 2)
The project will support the government's transport sector priorities to enhance connectivity and efficient movement in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) through national and provincial road rehabilitation and development. The project will also help improve axle load control and strengthen awareness of road safety and potential social problems.
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|Project Name||Road Network Improvement Project (Phase 2)|
|Country / Economy||Cambodia
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Operational Priorities||OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Road transport (non-urban)
|Gender||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The project will support the government's transport sector priorities to enhance connectivity and efficient movement in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) through national and provincial road rehabilitation and development. The project will also help improve axle load control and strengthen awareness of road safety and potential social problems.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Road transport is the principal mode for the movement of goods and people in Cambodia and between countries in the GMS. The domestic need is to provide access between cities and to enhance rural connectivity to broader markets and economic opportunities. The regional need is to facilitate connectivity and trade within the GMS and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and to connect to wider global markets. Roads are critical to social and economic development, especially in areas where they are the only available transport mode. The primary road network in Cambodia includes (i) 2,254 kilometres (km) of national paved roads that connects the country with its borders, the GMS, and the ASEAN network (1-digit national roads); (ii) 5,007 km of inland national roads, of which 70% are paved; and (iii) 9,031 km of provincial roads, of which only 30% are paved. The management of those national and provincial roads is the responsibility of MPWT.
The core development problem with Cambodia's road subsector is low connectivity and inefficiency. These problems are caused by (i) lack of selective infrastructure investment to meet national and regional needs, (ii) lack of refined sector policy and effective legislative implementation, and (iii) lack of sustainability in social, environmental and financial aspects.
ADB has been supporting improvement of national roads through the Road Network Improvement Project (RNIP), which became effective in 2018. ADB also provided support of the improvement of provincial roads through the Provincial Roads Improvement Project (PRIP), which became effective in 2016.
Main issues related to those projects include effective design and delivery of paved roads, efficient road asset management including overload controlling, and maintaining road safety.
Competitiveness and diversification of the economy enhanced along the GMS SEC (Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency: Building the Foundation Toward Realizing the Cambodia Vision 2050, Phase IV)
|Description of Outcome||
Transport efficiency increased in national and provincial roads along the GMS SEC
|Progress Toward Outcome||ADB provided no objection to the EA's recommendation for contract award of CW-1 NR23 on 10 August 2022 and for CW-2 PR 312 on 25 October 2022. The recruitment of project implementation consultant is ongoing with Submission 2 under revision by the EA to address ADB's comments. The procurement of two goods contracts and recruitment of community-based program consultant is also ongoing.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
National and provincial road sections improved with climate-resilient designs
Axle load control enhanced
Awareness of road safety and potential social problems strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||ADB provided no objection to the EA's recommendation for contract award of CW-1 NR23 on 10 August 2022 and for CW-2 PR 312 on 25 October 2022. The recruitment of project implementation consultant is ongoing with Submission 2 under revision by the EA to address ADB's comments. The procurement of two goods contracts and recruitment of community-based program consultant is also ongoing.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||An initial environmental examination (IEE) and environmental management plan (EMP) covering NR23 and PR312 were prepared by the MPWT. The IEE was disclosed on the ADB website in June 2021, and locally in the MPWT and provincial departments of public works and transport and offices of district authorities. Public consultations were carried out to inform project stakeholders of the project design and environmental assessment process, which will continue during project implementation. The project implementation consultant will support the PMU in implementing and supervising the EMP. Environmental complaints will be handled through a grievance redress mechanism. The project alignments are along the existing NR23 and PR312 and pass through highly modified habitats that can be broadly classified as (i) rural farmland with fields, roadside trees, ponds and waterways, and few houses; and (ii) urban and peri-urban areas with houses close to the existing roads, and with plantations or gardens beyond. The IEE established that the project would not have any adverse environmental impacts on the Bassac Marsh key biodiversity area located within 1 km of NR23. There is no protected or biodiversity area near PR312. As the improvement and construction of the two roads will be mostly within existing rights of way, potential negative environmental impacts will be short term and site specific during construction activities, and will include soil erosion, noise, dust, loss of roadside trees, and impeded access to community facilities. The EMP details the mitigation and monitoring measures for identified impacts, institutional arrangements, and budget for implementation. The EMP will be included in the contract bidding documents.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||A total of 67,595 square meters of residential and agricultural land will be acquired with 2,005 affected households (8,719 people), of which 172 households (799 people) will experience major impacts and 582 households (2,564 people) are potentially vulnerable. Two resettlement plans have been prepared with the guidance of the General Department of Resettlement, in accordance with government regulations and the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Entitlements for the severely affected households and vulnerable affected households include compensation at replacement cost for those permanently losing their land and an income restoration program for those losing their income because of land acquisition. The resettlement plans have been endorsed and posted on the ADB website. During preparation of the resettlement plans, 576 people were consulted, in addition to the house-to-house interviews performed during the preparation of the loss inventory. Project information was disclosed to affected people. An updated project information booklet will be distributed before the detailed measurement survey is undertaken during the update of the resettlement plans. A grievance redress mechanism will be established to facilitate resolution of complaints. Resettlement plans will be updated, cleared by ADB, and disclosed before contract awards. For resettlement plan implementation at the provincial level, provincial resettlement subcommittees will coordinate with the General Department of Resettlement. Social safeguards capacity-building activities will be carried out for the MPWT and for resettlement implementation agencies early in project implementation. A qualified and experienced external monitoring organization will be engaged to provide independent verification of internal monitoring reports and assess the effectiveness of resettlement plan implementation.|
|Indigenous Peoples||Much of the population in the project areas is Khmer and less than 10% is Cham or other minority groups. Fifty-eight Khmer Islam (Cham) ethnic minority households will be affected in NR23, and the involuntary resettlement impacts on the Cham are addressed in the resettlement plan for NR23. The Cham were consulted through focus group discussions and key informant interviews to ensure that they participate in the project on an equal basis and receive culturally appropriate benefits. The social impact assessment shows that the project will not affect the dignity, human rights, livelihood systems, or culture of indigenous peoples, nor the territories or natural or cultural resources that indigenous peoples own, use, occupy, or claim as an ancestral domain or asset. Impacts on the Cham will be mitigated and compensated for under the resettlement plan. The EMP also requires training to build construction workers' awareness of Cham customs, social norms, and taboos.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation||MPWT will ensure that agreed measures under the Stakeholder Communications Strategy are fully implemented to promote participation and awareness of project activities and impacts of all key stakeholders and including vulnerable groups, in particular with respect to environmental management plan implementation, resettlement impacts and entitlements, the grievance redress mechanism, HIV/trafficking prevention, road safety, and civil works-related labor standards and opportunities. The stakeholder communication strategy is based on the principles of transparency, timeliness, participation, meaningful engagement, and inclusiveness. Means of communication and consultation are to promote participation of those who may otherwise tend to be marginalized such as women, ethnic groups, elderly, and the poor. Stakeholder communication will encompass institutional stakeholders, communities within the project area, and persons directly affected by the project. Communities within the project area as well as individuals directly affected by the project have a natural vested interest in the effectiveness of project implementation as well as mitigation of negative impacts and maximization of project benefits and are stakeholders. Such consultation shall take place as early as possible and continue throughout the project implementation. Consultation will include information on project objectives and policies, project technical design, implementation activities and schedules; potential and actual impacts and risks such as environmental, resettlement, livelihood, access restrictions, HIV/AIDS transmission, and human trafficking along with mitigation measures; benefit and opportunities; institutional arrangements; GRM; and the results of project monitoring and evaluation. All significant communications will be recorded, and stakeholders will have the opportunity to present questions, opinions and suggestions.|
All consultants and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) if appropriate will be recruited according to the Procurement Policy for Goods, Works, Non-consulting and Consulting Services (2017 as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers - Goods, Works, Non-consulting and Consulting Services (2017) as amended from time to time).
The EA will engage the Implementation and Construction Supervision Consultant, for whom 381 person-months of input will be required, comprising 75 person-months from international experts and 306 person-months of national experts using quality- and cost-based selection with a quality-cost ratio of 90:10 with full technical proposal. The other consulting services contract packages are:
Community-based program consultant for road safety and social safeguards (CQS)
Independent financial auditor (CQS)
Bio-engineering and liquid catalyst specialist (ICS)
Procurement of civil works and goods contract packages will be undertaken according to the Procurement Policy for Goods, Works, Non-consulting and Consulting Services (2017 as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers - Goods, Works, Non-consulting and Consulting Services (2017 as amended from time to time). The procurement packages are the following:
1. Open Competitive Bidding (OCB) International Advertisement -2 civil works contracts
2. Open Competitive Bidding (OCB) National Advertisement - 1 good contracts); shopping
|Responsible ADB Officer||Zhao, Gengwen|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sectors Group|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport Sector Office (SG-TRA)|
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
|Concept Clearance||26 Feb 2020|
|Fact Finding||20 Nov 2020 to 27 Nov 2020|
|MRM||30 Jun 2021|
|Approval||28 Sep 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||01 Dec 2022|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|28 Sep 2021||08 Dec 2021||28 Jan 2022||30 Jun 2029||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||90.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||82.05||29 Nov 2023||51.62||0.00||63%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||29 Nov 2023||7.26||0.00||9%|
|Status of Covenants|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Road Network Improvement Project (Phase 2): Environmental Monitoring Report (January-June 2023)||Environmental Monitoring Reports||Jul 2023|
|Road Network Improvement Project (Phase 2): Rehabilitation of National Road Number 23 Updated Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||May 2023|
|Road Network Improvement Project (Phase 2): Rehabilitation of Provincial Road Number 312 Updated Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Apr 2023|
|Road Network Improvement Project, Phase 2: Road Improvements for National Road 23 and Provincial Road 312 Initial Environmental Examination||Initial Environmental Examination||Jun 2021|
|Road Network Improvement Project, Phase 2: Rehabilitation of Provincial Road Number 312 Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Mar 2021|
|Road Network Improvement Project, Phase 2: Rehabilitation of National Road Number 23 Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Mar 2021|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|National Assistant Accountant 1||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|National Accounting Assistant 2||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|ADB Loan 4119-CAM(COL): Road Network Improvement Project Phase 2 (RNIP2)||Invitation for Bids||Closed|
|Community-Based Road Safety Consulting Service||Firm - Consulting||Closed|
|4119-CAM(COL): Road Network Improvement Project Phase 2 (RNIP-2) [MPWT-RNIP-II-PR312-CW-2]||Invitation for Bids||Closed|
|ADB Loan 4119-CAM(COL): Road Network Improvement Project Phase 2 (RNIP2) [MPWT-RNIP2-NR23-CW-1]||Invitation for Bids||Closed|
|Implementation and Construction Supervision Consulting||Firm - Consulting||Closed|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Improvement and Maintenance of National Road 23 (NR23) from PK0+000 to PK19+833||Loan 4119||24 May 2023||Heng Sambat Co., Ltd. Import Export Transportation and Construction | No. F92, Street 6, Sangkat Chroy Changva, Khan Chroy Changva, Phnom Penh, Cambodia||Ministry of Public Works and Transport||21,688,894.97||21,688,894.97|
|Improvement and Maintenance of Provincial Road 312 (PR312) from PK0+000 to PK28+372||Loan 4119||14 Apr 2023||ILSUNG-KR Joint Venture | 402, 80 Inha-ro 507 beon-gil, Namdong-gu, Incheon, Republic of Korea||Ministry of Public Works and Transport||24,898,805.44||24,898,805.44|
|Implementation and Construction Supervision||Loan 4119||27 Feb 2023||Yooshin Engineering Corporation | 8, Yeoksam-ro 4gil, Gangnam-gu, 06252, Seoul 06252 Korea, Republic of||Ministry of Public Works and Transport||3,930,000.00||3,930,000.00|
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Road Network Improvement Project (Phase 2): Procurement Plan||Procurement Plans||Oct 2023|