India: Accelerating State Education Program to Improve Results
The program will assist the Government of India in enhancing the quality of education through its flagship program, Samagra Shiksha (Integrated Scheme for School Education). Focusing on five selected states, the results-based lending will support improvement of education outcomes, particularly foundational learning at the primary level and reduction of dropout rates at the secondary level. To achieve these outcomes, the program will help the states (i) transform a set of government schools into exemplar schools with essential learning resources, (ii) scale up student-centered interventions to boost learning, and (iii) strengthen the core elements of state education for overall system improvements. The program also aims to mitigate the impact from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on students' learning and mainstream digital learning and teaching capability across schools.
South Asia Department
Request for information
2 December 2021
|Project Name||Accelerating State Education Program to Improve Results|
|Country / Economy||India
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Education / Education sector development - Pre-primary and primary - Secondary
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The program will assist the Government of India in enhancing the quality of education through its flagship program, Samagra Shiksha (Integrated Scheme for School Education). Focusing on five selected states, the results-based lending will support improvement of education outcomes, particularly foundational learning at the primary level and reduction of dropout rates at the secondary level. To achieve these outcomes, the program will help the states (i) transform a set of government schools into exemplar schools with essential learning resources, (ii) scale up student-centered interventions to boost learning, and (iii) strengthen the core elements of state education for overall system improvements. The program also aims to mitigate the impact from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on students' learning and mainstream digital learning and teaching capability across schools.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
To address ongoing challenges in school education and to improve the quality of education, the Ministry of Education (MOE) launched a new flagship scheme in 2018, Samagra Shiksha, by combining Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashitriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, and teacher education. Samagra Shiksha aims to provide holistic, integrated support for the states' school education from preschool to senior secondary schools with a unified implementation structure. Compared to the previous schemes, the new scheme shifts its focus to ensuring the quality of education, particularly inclusive and equitable learning outcomes. The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 further sets quality education priorities for the future, with an emphasis on strong foundational skills and learnability to equip youth with 21st century skills requirements, such as critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, and socio-emotional skills.
Aligned with the NEP 2020 vision, the program supports the MOE's Samagra Shiksha implementation in five selected states: Assam, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, and Uttarakhand. The program will support strategic components of Samagra Shiksha to accelerate quality outcomes in government schools, especially improved foundational learning at the primary level and reduced dropout rates at the secondary level, with special attention to girls and socially disadvantaged groups. To achieve this objective, the program assists the states in: (i) transforming a set of government schools into exemplar schools to demonstrate quality learning interventions; (ii) improving learning environments in exemplar schools with essential facilities, teaching and human resources; (iii) expanding student-centered foundational learning at the primary level; (iv) introducing science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics (STEAM) and 21st century skills learning for secondary students; (v) facilitating technology applications in teaching-learning and augmenting localized digital learning content based on lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic; (vi) enhancing the capacity of teachers, principals, and local officers; (vii) establishing state assessment cells for robust tracking of learning outcomes; and (viii) strengthening an integrated management information system for rigorous monitoring of school performance and the state school system. The five states vary in terms of ongoing reforms or interventions. The program will help the states to scale up successful interventions or adopt new interventions to serve the state's priority needs. In so doing, it will assist the states in aligning core elements of the education system toward coherent outcomes and overall system improvements.
|Impact||High-quality education provided to all for India's equitable and vibrant knowledge economy|
|Description of Outcome||Education outcomes in primary and secondary schools improved in the five participating states|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Quality government schools with equitable access increased
Quality and relevance of learning improved
Capacity of teachers and school leaders enhanced
Management of school education system strengthened
National guidelines on quality state education strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Assam, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||The program will support upgrading works for learning (e.g., classrooms and libraries) and sanitation facilities of the existing schools that are being designated as exemplar schools. The works will take place at the existing school premises; hence, there will be no land acquisition, resettlement, and legacy issues. The minor upgrading works are likely to cause minimal, temporary, and reversible environmental impacts that could be easily mitigated through environmental management plans (EMP). The program safeguard system assessment (PSSA) reviewed national- and state-level environmental safeguard frameworks and the institutional capacity for addressing the safeguard risks. The assessment found that adequate relevant policies and regulations are in place. Yet, it identified a few gaps in the areas of site screening, assessment, management plans, and monitoring, for which gap-filling measures are proposed with eligibility criteria of exemplar schools, implementation of EMPs, and submission of semiannual monitoring reports.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||All activities will occur within existing school premises with no land acquisition, and the program is therefore classified category C for involuntary resettlement under ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Activities will be screened for social safeguards-related aspects using checklists and templates in the PSSA. Any activities that may cause potential involuntary resettlement impacts will be excluded from the RBL program.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The RBL program will improve the quality of government schools where social disadvantaged groups, including indigenous peoples, predominate and positive impacts are thus expected. All program activities will follow checklists and program action plans in PSSA during program implementation to ensure positive impacts|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Along with the MOE, ADB carried out extensive consultations with the five program states, including each state's education officials, NGO representatives, and technical experts in developing each state-level results framework, the program's detailed designs, and mutually agreeable DLIs. Field visits were also taken for selective schools in all five states and consultations were held with parents, community beneficiaries, teachers, and students. In addition, a survey was carried out during 2020 to assess remote learning and related challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic, such as the use of ICT-based learning or other remote learning modalities during school closures, challenges in digital infrastructure and device availability, and the home learning environment. Issues and challenges faced by marginalized communities were given due attention. Civil society organizations were part of state consultations and may be engaged by the states for various learning interventions and capacity development of education officers at district, block, and cluster levels, as well as to promote community engagement.|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Not applicable|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Lee, Sunhwa|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Human and Social Development Division, SARD|
Ministry of Education
(2) JEEVAN DEEP BUILDING, PARLIAMENT STREET &
(3) WEST BLOCK NO.1 & 2, R.K. PURAM,NEW DELHI - 110 001
|Concept Clearance||04 Dec 2020|
|Fact Finding||25 Jan 2021 to 09 Mar 2021|
|MRM||15 Jun 2021|
|Approval||02 Dec 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||02 Dec 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|02 Dec 2021||-||-||31 Mar 2028||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Loan Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||1,885.60||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||500.00||17 Jun 2022||0.00||0.00||0%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||17 Jun 2022||0.00||0.00||0%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Accelerating State Education Program to Improve Results: Report and Recommendation of the President||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Nov 2021|
|Accelerating State Education Program to Improve Results: Program Implementation Document||Project/Program Administration Manual||Nov 2021|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Accelerating State Education Program to Improve Results: Draft Program Safeguard Systems Assessment||Program Safeguard Systems Assessments||Jun 2021|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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