India: Accelerating State Education Program to Improve Results

Sovereign Project | 53386-001

The program will assist the Government of India in enhancing the quality of education through its flagship program, Samagra Shiksha (Integrated Scheme for School Education). Focusing on five selected states, the results-based lending will support improvement of education outcomes, particularly foundational learning at the primary level and reduction of dropout rates at the secondary level. To achieve these outcomes, the program will help the states (i) transform a set of government schools into exemplar schools with essential learning resources, (ii) scale up student-centered interventions to boost learning, and (iii) strengthen the core elements of state education for overall system improvements. The program also aims to mitigate the impact from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on students' learning and mainstream digital learning and teaching capability across schools.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Lee, Sunhwa
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Approval Date
    2 December 2021
  • Country/Economy
    India
  • Sector
    • Education
Project Name Accelerating State Education Program to Improve Results
Project Number 53386-001
Country / Economy India
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 4152-IND: Accelerating State Education Program to Improve Results
Ordinary capital resources US$ 500.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Education / Education sector development - Pre-primary and primary - Secondary

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The program will assist the Government of India in enhancing the quality of education through its flagship program, Samagra Shiksha (Integrated Scheme for School Education). Focusing on five selected states, the results-based lending will support improvement of education outcomes, particularly foundational learning at the primary level and reduction of dropout rates at the secondary level. To achieve these outcomes, the program will help the states (i) transform a set of government schools into exemplar schools with essential learning resources, (ii) scale up student-centered interventions to boost learning, and (iii) strengthen the core elements of state education for overall system improvements. The program also aims to mitigate the impact from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on students' learning and mainstream digital learning and teaching capability across schools.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

To address ongoing challenges in school education and to improve the quality of education, the Ministry of Education (MOE) launched a new flagship scheme in 2018, Samagra Shiksha, by combining Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashitriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, and teacher education. Samagra Shiksha aims to provide holistic, integrated support for the states' school education from preschool to senior secondary schools with a unified implementation structure. Compared to the previous schemes, the new scheme shifts its focus to ensuring the quality of education, particularly inclusive and equitable learning outcomes. The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 further sets quality education priorities for the future, with an emphasis on strong foundational skills and learnability to equip youth with 21st century skills requirements, such as critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, and socio-emotional skills.

Aligned with the NEP 2020 vision, the program supports the MOE's Samagra Shiksha implementation in five selected states: Assam, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, and Uttarakhand. The program will support strategic components of Samagra Shiksha to accelerate quality outcomes in government schools, especially improved foundational learning at the primary level and reduced dropout rates at the secondary level, with special attention to girls and socially disadvantaged groups. To achieve this objective, the program assists the states in: (i) transforming a set of government schools into exemplar schools to demonstrate quality learning interventions; (ii) improving learning environments in exemplar schools with essential facilities, teaching and human resources; (iii) expanding student-centered foundational learning at the primary level; (iv) introducing science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics (STEAM) and 21st century skills learning for secondary students; (v) facilitating technology applications in teaching-learning and augmenting localized digital learning content based on lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic; (vi) enhancing the capacity of teachers, principals, and local officers; (vii) establishing state assessment cells for robust tracking of learning outcomes; and (viii) strengthening an integrated management information system for rigorous monitoring of school performance and the state school system. The five states vary in terms of ongoing reforms or interventions. The program will help the states to scale up successful interventions or adopt new interventions to serve the state's priority needs. In so doing, it will assist the states in aligning core elements of the education system toward coherent outcomes and overall system improvements.

Impact High-quality education provided to all for India's equitable and vibrant knowledge economy
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Education outcomes in primary and secondary schools improved in the five participating states
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Quality government schools with equitable access increased

Quality and relevance of learning improved

Capacity of teachers and school leaders enhanced

Management of school education system strengthened

National guidelines on quality state education strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Assam, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The program will support upgrading works for learning (e.g., classrooms and libraries) and sanitation facilities of the existing schools that are being designated as exemplar schools. The works will take place at the existing school premises; hence, there will be no land acquisition, resettlement, and legacy issues. The minor upgrading works are likely to cause minimal, temporary, and reversible environmental impacts that could be easily mitigated through environmental management plans (EMP). The program safeguard system assessment (PSSA) reviewed national- and state-level environmental safeguard frameworks and the institutional capacity for addressing the safeguard risks. The assessment found that adequate relevant policies and regulations are in place. Yet, it identified a few gaps in the areas of site screening, assessment, management plans, and monitoring, for which gap-filling measures are proposed with eligibility criteria of exemplar schools, implementation of EMPs, and submission of semiannual monitoring reports.
Involuntary Resettlement All activities will occur within existing school premises with no land acquisition, and the program is therefore classified category C for involuntary resettlement under ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Activities will be screened for social safeguards-related aspects using checklists and templates in the PSSA. Any activities that may cause potential involuntary resettlement impacts will be excluded from the RBL program.
Indigenous Peoples The RBL program will improve the quality of government schools where social disadvantaged groups, including indigenous peoples, predominate and positive impacts are thus expected. All program activities will follow checklists and program action plans in PSSA during program implementation to ensure positive impacts
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Along with the MOE, ADB carried out extensive consultations with the five program states, including each state's education officials, NGO representatives, and technical experts in developing each state-level results framework, the program's detailed designs, and mutually agreeable DLIs. Field visits were also taken for selective schools in all five states and consultations were held with parents, community beneficiaries, teachers, and students. In addition, a survey was carried out during 2020 to assess remote learning and related challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic, such as the use of ICT-based learning or other remote learning modalities during school closures, challenges in digital infrastructure and device availability, and the home learning environment. Issues and challenges faced by marginalized communities were given due attention. Civil society organizations were part of state consultations and may be engaged by the states for various learning interventions and capacity development of education officers at district, block, and cluster levels, as well as to promote community engagement.
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services Not applicable
Procurement Not applicable
Responsible ADB Officer Lee, Sunhwa
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education
[email protected]
SHASTRI BHAVAN,
(2) JEEVAN DEEP BUILDING, PARLIAMENT STREET &
(3) WEST BLOCK NO.1 & 2, R.K. PURAM,NEW DELHI - 110 001
Timetable
Concept Clearance 04 Dec 2020
Fact Finding 25 Jan 2021 to 09 Mar 2021
MRM 15 Jun 2021
Approval 02 Dec 2021
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 02 Dec 2021

Loan 4152-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
02 Dec 2021 - - 31 Mar 2028 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 1,885.60 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 500.00 17 Jun 2022 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 1,385.60 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Jun 2022 0.00 0.00 0%

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Tenders

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Procurement Plan

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