China, People's Republic of: Research of Ecological Water Security for Healthy River and Biodiversity Protection in the Lower Yellow River and Delta

Sovereign Project | 54026-013

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) cluster was approved on 28 October 2020. The overall TA cluster amount is $3.88 million, out of which $3.73 million is financed on a grant basis from the Technical Assistance Special Fund (TASF-other sources) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and $0.15 million from the Climate Change Fund._The Environment, Natural Resources, and Agriculture Division of ADB's East Asia Department is responsible for administration and coordination of the TA cluster. The National Development and Reform Commission, the leading agency for strategic development in the People's Republic of China (PRC), is the executing agency for the TA cluster to play a leading role to support knowledge sharing and coordinate with ADB for alignment of ADB lending and nonlending assistance in the Yellow River basin.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Bezuijen, Mark R.
    East Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    China, People's Republic of
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Research of Ecological Water Security for Healthy River and Biodiversity Protection in the Lower Yellow River and Delta
Project Number 54026-013
Country / Economy China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6963-PRC: Research of Ecological Water Security for Healthy River and Biodiversity Protection in the Lower Yellow River and Delta
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 300,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) cluster was approved on 28 October 2020. The overall TA cluster amount is $3.88 million, out of which $3.73 million is financed on a grant basis from the Technical Assistance Special Fund (TASF-other sources) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and $0.15 million from the Climate Change Fund._The Environment, Natural Resources, and Agriculture Division of ADB's East Asia Department is responsible for administration and coordination of the TA cluster. The National Development and Reform Commission, the leading agency for strategic development in the People's Republic of China (PRC), is the executing agency for the TA cluster to play a leading role to support knowledge sharing and coordinate with ADB for alignment of ADB lending and nonlending assistance in the Yellow River basin.

The TA cluster comprises a total of 13 subprojects, each focused on different aspects of river basin management. Ten subprojects are under implementation and three are under preparation. The TA cluster is part of ADB's Yellow River Ecological Corridor (YREC) program, a multisector approach which is aligned with the following impact: resilient ecological protection and security in the Yellow River basin achieved._The TA cluster and YREC program are supporting the PRC's Yellow River Basin Ecological Protection and High-quality Development Program, 20212035, which aims to strengthen water resources management and sustainable development in the basin.

Subproject context. Identifying the ecological water requirements of rivers is essential to maintaining river health._The lower reaches of the Yellow River are located within two provinces of the PRC, Henan and Shandong, and support freshwater and estuarine wetlands, agricultural lands, and rural and urban development. The river drains into a large, branching estuarine delta. The lower Yellow River and delta support the livelihoods of millions of people and globally important freshwater and marine biodiversity values._The continued maintenance of these values is largely dependent upon upstream flow and sediment inputs and are at risk from altered flows and water shortages, caused by multiple factors including excessive water extraction, dams and flow regulation, and climate change._Regulation of water use in the Yellow River is managed through a framework of national and provincial policies, but which requires supporting data to help ensure adequate flow allocation for different needs._There is a need to identify the ecological water requirements of the lower Yellow River and to develop technical and policy measures to achieve ecological water security in a balanced approach that considers multisector water needs.

Two subprojects under implementation in the TA cluster are partly addressing these issues. Under subproject 1, a basin-wide water resources profile is under preparation, to document existing water demand, supply, allocation and regulation for multiple sectors and strategies and actions to strengthen water resources management. Under subproject 9, a biodiversity strategy and action plan is under preparation for the portion of the Yellow River basin within Henan Province, and which includes a preliminary review of environmental flows._These works build upon long-term efforts by the government to strengthen water resources management of the Yellow River basin.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The TA will have the following outcome: planning for ecological water security of the lower Yellow River and delta improved._The TA is aligned with the expected outcome of the TA cluster: high-quality, green development opportunities in the Yellow River basin increased. The subproject will support the overall TA cluster outputs by (i) identifying the policy and institutional reforms and management actions required to strengthen ecological water security of the lower Yellow River and delta (TA cluster output 1), (ii) applying best practice methodologies to develop nature-positive solutions to address the identified issues (TA cluster output 2), and (iii) disseminating the TA results and strengthening the capacity of stakeholders to implement the management actions developed under the subproject (TA cluster output 3).

Output 1: Analysis of ecological water security requirements for the lower Yellow River and delta produced. The output will prepare a comprehensive analysis of the ecological water requirements of the lower Yellow River and delta (the TA area), based on field surveys, modeling, review of national and international best practice and expert consultation. The TA will: (i) facilitate a participatory process to specify the minimum targets (ecological, biodiversity, and hydrological) that will define ecological water security for the TA area;_(ii) assess and quantify the key factors (including flow regimes and sediment loads) required to maintain and restore these targets under different modeling scenarios to account for seasonal and multi-year variation and climate change; (iii) compare existing and projected ecological water requirements for the TA area with dam operations and water allocation policies, and identify gaps especially for key wetland sites; (iv) design an independent river health monitoring program for the TA area including key indicators, and assess the status of these indicators;_(v) review water policies and plans and identify regulatory gaps affecting the ecological water security of the TA area; and (vi) develop draft policy and technical recommendations to achieve ecological water security for the TA area, including changes to existing dam operations and flow allocations as needed.

Output 2: Ecological water security report for the lower Yellow River and delta prepared. The report will describe the policy and technical actions needed to maintain and restore the ecological water values of the TA area and will be based on the findings of output 1. The plan will be structured in a format that will enable the government and sector agencies to adopt relevant sections within basin and provincial sector policies and plans. It will include: (i) recommended flow regimes and quantitative flow targets to help protect and restore water ecosystems and achieve ecological water security for the TA area under different climatic, development and impact scenarios (including emergency' water releases from dams in years of low flow); (ii) proposed revisions to water allocation polices, regulations, guidelines, and technical standards; (iii) actions tailored to Henan and Shandong provinces and individual dams, as needed; (iv) draft management strategy for ecological water security for at least one key wetland site in each of these provinces (footnote 10), including technical and policy requirements tailored to site-specific needs; (v) draft river health monitoring program for the TA area; and (vi) stakeholder roles and responsibilities and time-bound steps and budget to implement the recommended actions.

Output 3: Institutional capacity and knowledge on ecological water security enhanced. The output will: (i) implement a training program on ecological water security and the TA findings for government agencies, dam operators and other key stakeholders that influence water resources management in the TA area; (ii) procure water analysis equipment for the design and testing of the river health monitoring program (outputs 1 and 2); (iii) support a domestic study tour for key agencies to strengthen understanding of key issues concerning ecological water security; (iv) facilitate two seminars to disseminate the TA findings and best practice for ecological water security; and (v) prepare at least one knowledge product (e.g., a policy brief) that describes the TA deliverables and lessons. The training program will be gender-inclusive, participatory (including to seek feedback on the draft TA deliverables) and tailored to the roles and capacity of stakeholders identified under output 1. To facilitate information exchange and collaboration, research agencies and other stakeholders will be invited to co-facilitate the training and seminars. Expert workshops will be conducted to seek review and feedback on the TA findings, recommendations, and draft deliverables.

Innovation, added value, and knowledge dissemination. The TA will provide a detailed assessment of ecological water security for the lower Yellow River and delta. It will introduce and apply best practice methodologies and lessons to identify the ecological water requirements of the TA area; and provide a benchmark for the preparation of ecological water security assessments for other parts of the Yellow River basin. The results of the TA will complement the water resource assessments being conducted under subprojects 1 and 9 of the TA cluster. To maximize the resources and impact of the TA cluster, the TA stakeholder consultations, workshops, and seminars will be planned in coordination with subprojects 1 and 9 and where possible, training and knowledge events will be combined. Subproject 1 includes the establishment of a stakeholder engagement mechanism and expert review workshops, and these will be utilized by the TA to strengthen consultative and participatory review of the TA findings and draft recommendations. To scale up the TA benefits, the TA will also coordinate with other ADB programs under implementation, including the regional flyway initiative._In addition to seminars and a knowledge product (output 3), the TA lessons will also be shared with ADB members through ADB-wide platforms, with guidance from ADB's media team to maximize dissemination to target audiences. Other opportunities for knowledge dissemination will be identified during TA implementation.

Impact

Resilient ecological protection and security in the Yellow River basin achieved

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Planning for ecological water security of the lower Yellow River and delta improved

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Analysis of ecological water security requirements for the lower Yellow River and delta produced

Ecological water security report for the lower Yellow River and delta prepared

Institutional capacity and knowledge on ecological water security enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services The firm will submit progress reports, which will be reviewed by ADB and the government. All reports will be available in English and Chinese. Resource persons may be engaged to review the consultants' outputs and share knowledge during workshops and conferences.
Procurement ADB will engage a firm following ADB's Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions._The TA requires a minimum of 1.0 person-month of international and 21.5 person-months of national consulting inputs. The firm will be engaged using the quality- and cost-based selection method, with a qualitycost ratio of 90:10 because of the assignment's technical complexity, by inviting simplified technical proposals. The contract will be output-based to ensure efficient contract management and to provide flexibility for mobilizing additional experts if needed.
Responsible ADB Officer Bezuijen, Mark R.
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Water Resources
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 05 Aug 2022 to 05 Aug 2022
MRM -
Approval 23 Sep 2022
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 30 Sep 2022

TA 6963-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Sep 2022 22 Oct 2022 22 Oct 2022 30 Sep 2024 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 24 Oct 2022 0.00

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Consulting Firm Firm - Consulting Closed 17 Oct 2022 06 Nov 2022

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found


Procurement Plan

None currently available.