Bangladesh: Climate Resilient Livelihood Improvement and Watershed Management in Chattogram Hill Tracts Sector Project
The proposed project will take a holistic approach to improve livelihoods and sustainable use of natural resources in the CHT. It will do so by addressing selected deficiencies in all five forms of capital that are lacking in the Chattogram Hill Tracts (CHT). Specifically, the project will address physical capital by improving roads and bridges, water supply and sanitation and irrigation schemes, market facilities, and providing agricultural equipment. It will build human capital by improving vocational skills in the rural non-farm sector related to agriculture value chains and developing capacity of the CHT institutions and stakeholders.
South Asia Department
Request for information
- Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Project Name||Climate Resilient Livelihood Improvement and Watershed Management in Chattogram Hill Tracts Sector Project|
|Country / Economy||Bangladesh
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural production - Forestry - Rural market infrastructure - Rural sanitation
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Gender equity|
|Description||The proposed project will take a holistic approach to improve livelihoods and sustainable use of natural resources in the CHT. It will do so by addressing selected deficiencies in all five forms of capital that are lacking in the Chattogram Hill Tracts (CHT). Specifically, the project will address physical capital by improving roads and bridges, water supply and sanitation and irrigation schemes, market facilities, and providing agricultural equipment. It will build human capital by improving vocational skills in the rural non-farm sector related to agriculture value chains and developing capacity of the CHT institutions and stakeholders. Social capital will be improved by strengthening the local government institutions to continue the system of participatory planning and implementation of subprojects that has been established under the Second Chattogram Hill Tracts Rural Development Project._Natural capital will be improved by supporting the restoration of critical watersheds through village community forest management and implementing several pilot projects in rural solid waste management. Finally, financial capital will be improved by enhancing fund flow arrangements for disbursement of annual development plan funds and leveraging private investment in basic agro-processing facilities. Subprojects will be selected through an inclusive and bottom-up approach based on community stated priorities.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
The CHT is a geographically and ethno-culturally distinct region of Bangladesh._Situated in the southeast, it is the only extensively hilly area of the country. Historically, the population of CHT was made up of 11 distinct ethnic groups, each with its unique language, culture and heritage. Since the mid-1950s, the people of the CHT have been displaced from their ancestral lands, firstly due to the Kaptai Hydroelectric Project (completed in 1960), and_later (since the late 1970s) to several transmigration programs to settle Bengali people from the plains in the CHT._These were seen as acts of aggression by the indigenous communities, which led to an armed uprising for autonomy and the rights of indigenous peoples. Following a 2-decade long conflict, a peace accord was signed in 1997, and along with it the promise of a new era of peace, harmony and development.
More than 2 decades on, the CHT ranks amongst the poorest districts of Bangladesh. Measured in terms of a single dimensional index of household income and expenditure, the population below the poverty line in the CHT districts of Bandarban, Khagrachari, and Rangamati in 2010 was 40.1%, 25.5% and 20.3% respectively._In comparison, the national average poverty head count in the same year was 31.4%. However, using a multi-dimensional index including non-income covariates, poverty levels in the CHT are believed to be much higher._Such analysis also shows that indigenous communities are poorer than the non-indigenous communities.
enhanced human health and well-being, reduced vulnerability, and improved food security of the CHT people
Sustainable livelihood opportunities and access to basic services for the rural population in the CHT including women and vulnerable groups enhanced
Rural roads rehabilitated
Community infrastructure developed
Watershed management strengthened
Agriculture production, processing, and marketing improved
Rural non-farm skills related to agriculture value chains improved
|Geographical Location||Bandarban, Khagrachari, Rangamati|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||To be procured following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.|
|Procurement||To be procured following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instructions.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Ranawana, Sanath|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, SARD|
Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs Banglad
|Concept Clearance||06 Aug 2020|
|Fact Finding||02 Jun 2022 to 16 Jun 2022|
|MRM||25 Nov 2022|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||06 Aug 2020|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Climate Resilient Livelihood Improvement and Watershed Management in Chittagong Hill Tracts Sector Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Aug 2020|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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