Tajikistan : Resilient Livelihoods and Empowerment of Rural Women Project

Sovereign Project | 54111-008

The project will address the vulnerabilities, and improve the livelihoods of rural women in the Khatlon province by strengthening their employability, agriculture productivity, and response to gender-based violence. The focus will be on women farmers with household gardens (less than 1.3 hectares of land), with many of them also engaged as mardikors. The project will (i) improve women's agricultural skills for improved production, (ii) promote women's role in the agriculture value chain through social entrepreneurship, and (iii) enhance employment readiness of women agricultural workers to improve household incomes and reduce food insecurity. This will lead to an economic empowerment of women farmers and female youths for resilient, climate adaptive, and sustainable livelihoods.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Leitner, Matthias
    Central and West Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Tajikistan
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Resilient Livelihoods and Empowerment of Rural Women Project
Project Number 54111-008
Country / Economy Tajikistan
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant: Resilient Livelihoods and Empowerment of Rural Women Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 17.50 million
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agricultural production - Agro-industry, marketing, and trade - Rural market infrastructure

Gender Gender equity theme
Description The project will address the vulnerabilities, and improve the livelihoods of rural women in the Khatlon province by strengthening their employability, agriculture productivity, and response to gender-based violence. The focus will be on women farmers with household gardens (less than 1.3 hectares of land), with many of them also engaged as mardikors. The project will (i) improve women's agricultural skills for improved production, (ii) promote women's role in the agriculture value chain through social entrepreneurship, and (iii) enhance employment readiness of women agricultural workers to improve household incomes and reduce food insecurity. This will lead to an economic empowerment of women farmers and female youths for resilient, climate adaptive, and sustainable livelihoods.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has adversely affected Tajikistan's economy as the 7.5% growth reported in 2019 dropped to 4.5% in 2020. Since 2010, Tajikistan's agriculture sector experienced volatile but strong average growth rates of about 6% each year. It accounts for more than half of the country's total employment and contributed around 22% to the gross domestic product in 2020. About 70% (over 6.5 million) of the Tajik population (9.5 million) live in rural areas where small-scale household farming is the major source of household income. Improving the country's agricultural productivity is critical to advancing overall economic growth, reducing poverty, and improving food security.

Tajikistan's exposure to climate change impacts is one of the highest in Central Asia. Droughts, in combination with heat stress and the increased water demand for key crops, will further reduce agricultural yields. Rural women will be disappropriately affected by climate change impacts as their main source of income and livelihood stems from agriculture activities.

Tajikistan faces high levels of food insecurity. In 2021, about 21% of the total population was food insecure. Undernourishment rates are high (30% in 2017), with a disproportionately high percentage of undernourished women. There is a well-established link between food insecurity, sexual violence, exploitation, abuse, and child marriage. When scarcity over food and water increases, community conflicts tend to rise as well, with women and girls being at much higher risk of violation of their rights. Food insecurity is expected to even further increase because of the limited capacity to respond to climate-induced shocks that will adversely affect agricultural production. Women also often bear the brunt of coping mechanisms in food insecure households, by skipping meals altogether, eating less nutritious food or smaller portions. According to the latest data from the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, 14% of women aged 15-49 years reported that they had been subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former partner within a year in Tajikistan. Between January to September 2022, more than 6,000 cases of domestic abuse were reported to one crisis center in Bokhtar, Khatlon province.

The country's agriculture-based economy is highly dependent on female labor. High rural male outmigration of around 40% has resulted in increased women participation in various facets of agriculture. Two-thirds of women in Tajikistan are engaged in the agriculture sector but many work in precarious conditions as informal agricultural workers.

Impact

Gender equality in human development enhanced

Outcome

Rural women's resilience to economic shocks and exploitation strengthened

Outputs

Productivity and resilience of female-led farms and female laborers improved

Value chain engagement and processing of women producers and entrepreneurs strengthened

Vulnerable women's access to livelihood and gender-based violence response services enhanced

Geographical Location Viloyati Khatlon
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Leitner, Matthias
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Agriculture
Timetable
Concept Clearance 23 Dec 2022
Fact Finding 12 Feb 2024 to 16 Feb 2024
MRM 29 May 2024
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 05 Jan 2023

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Resilient Livelihoods and Empowerment of Rural Women Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Dec 2022

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Resilient Livelihoods and Empowerment of Rural Women Project: Social Safeguard Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Jan 2024

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.