The proposed COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support (CARES) program will support the implementation of the government's countercyclical measures, targeting the poor and vulnerable while meeting financing needs and achieving debt sustainability. The program is aligned with the overarching development objective: COVID-19 transmission reduced while minimizing economic, public, and social impacts. The effect of the program will be: COVID-19 outbreak more effectively managed, and social and economic impacts reduced. The program has three outputs: (i) health measures for COVID-19 country preparedness and response implemented, (ii) increased social assistance and food security measures implemented, and (iii) enhanced support for business entities and measures to safeguard employment implemented. The proposed CARES program grant is $50 million.
|Project Name||COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Health / Disease control of communicable disease
Public sector management / Public expenditure and fiscal management - Social protection initiatives
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support (CARES) program will support the implementation of the government's countercyclical measures, targeting the poor and vulnerable while meeting financing needs and achieving debt sustainability. The program is aligned with the overarching development objective: COVID-19 transmission reduced while minimizing economic, public, and social impacts. The effect of the program will be: COVID-19 outbreak more effectively managed, and social and economic impacts reduced. The program has three outputs: (i) health measures for COVID-19 country preparedness and response implemented, (ii) increased social assistance and food security measures implemented, and (iii) enhanced support for business entities and measures to safeguard employment implemented. The proposed CARES program grant is $50 million. The program is coordinated with ADB's overall assistance package to the CAREC region, incorporating a regional cooperation aspect in responding to this global as well as regional crisis. The program will also support CAREC-2030's Operational Cluster 5 (human development), by addressing pandemic risks and controlling transboundary communicable diseases. The CARES program will also promote the adoption of international preparedness and response standards and best practices, especially those recommended by WHO, to manage pandemics and public health emergencies. Food, medical items, seeds, and fertilizers from neighboring countries will be procured as measures for the COVID-19 response.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Tajikistan is experiencing significant adverse economic and social impacts from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, and a rapid increase in domestic cases and deaths. Preventative measures and external factors are causing economic growth to decelerate sharply, and unemployment and poverty to increase. To mitigate these impacts and protect the fragile health system, the government adopted urgent pro-poor countercyclical measures and expenditures, including (i) a health sector and social protection response package to assist poor and vulnerable groups, and (ii) measures to ensure food security and support to businesses prone to experiencing severe effects. The proposed Asian Development Bank (ADB) program will, in the short term, support the government's COVID-19 countercyclical responses and financing needs, to help mitigate the adverse health, social, and economic impacts of the crisis, while targeting poor and vulnerable groups and ensuring gender mainstreaming. It will complement cooperation efforts to contain the pandemic in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) region. The program, to be implemented during 2020, was developed in close coordination with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and supports fiscal sustainability in the medium term as well as economic recovery.
Tajikistan meets all six access criteria of ADB's COVID-19 pandemic response option under the Countercyclical Support Facility. The program is also aligned with ADB's Strategy 2030, including its operational priorities of (i) addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities, (ii) accelerating progress in gender equality, (iii) strengthening governance and institutional capacity, and (iv) fostering regional cooperation and integration. The program aligns with these priorities by strengthening the government's capacity for implementing the countercyclical responses; targeting the response measures, including social assistance, at women and poor and vulnerable groups; and coordinating with ADB's regional response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
|Impact||COVID-19 transmission reduced while minimizing economic, public, and social impacts|
|Description of Outcome||COVID-19 outbreak more effectively managed and social and economic impacts reduced|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Health measures for COVID-19 country preparedness and response implemented
Increased social assistance and food security measures implemented
Enhanced support for business entities and measures to safeguard employment implemented
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Miyaki, Yuji|
|Responsible ADB Department||Central and West Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Public Management, Financial Sector and Trade Division, CWRD|
Ministry of Finance
3, Academic Rajabovs
|Fact Finding||06 Apr 2020 to 22 Apr 2020|
|MRM||15 May 2020|
|Approval||18 Jun 2020|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||18 Jun 2020|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|18 Jun 2020||23 Jun 2020||06 Jul 2020||31 Dec 2020||-||-|
|Financing Plan||Grant Utilization|
|Total (Amount in US$ million)||Date||ADB||Others||Net Percentage|
|Project Cost||50.00||Cumulative Contract Awards|
|ADB||50.00||18 Jun 2020||50.00||0.00||100%|
|Cofinancing||0.00||18 Jun 2020||50.00||0.00||100%|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Grant Agreement (Special Operations) for Grant 0706-TAJ: COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program||Grant Agreement||Jun 2020|
|COVID-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support Program: Report and Recommendation of the President||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Jun 2020|
|Программа активного реагирования на COVID-19 и поддержки расходной части бюджета: Отчёт и рекомендации Президента Совету директоров||Reports and Recommendations of the President||Jun 2020|
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