Regional: Regional Support to Build Disease Resilient and Energy Efficient Centralized Air-conditioning Systems

Sovereign Project | 54210-001

1. The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to improve energy efficiency, mitigate the risks of virus transmission, and ensure safe working conditions in public buildings by deploying efficient, clean, and smart centralized air-conditioning (CAC) systems.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Xu, Jinmiao
    Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Regional
  • Sector
    • Energy
Project Name Regional Support to Build Disease Resilient and Energy Efficient Centralized Air-conditioning Systems
Project Number 54210-001
Country Regional
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6563-REG: Regional Support to Build Virus Resilient and Energy Efficient Centralized Air-Conditioning Systems
Clean Energy Fund under the Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility US$ 500,000.00
High Level Technology Fund US$ 500,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Energy / Energy efficiency and conservation

Health / Disease control of communicable disease

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

1. The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will support developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to improve energy efficiency, mitigate the risks of virus transmission, and ensure safe working conditions in public buildings by deploying efficient, clean, and smart centralized air-conditioning (CAC) systems.

2. The TA will support the implementation of ADB's Strategy 2030 , particularly operational plan for priority 1: addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities, with emphasis on addressing human development and better health for all; operational plan for priority 3: tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability; and operational plan for priority 4: making cities more livable. This TA also seeks to help DMCs respond to coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and similar health risks. It is included in the 2020 management-approved results-based work plan of the Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

3. Air-conditioning is becoming one of the most basic services in many cities of DMCs where it accounts for up to 50% of energy consumption in public buildings. If advanced air conditioning systems with energy-saving technology are used along with demand side management in buildings, energy savings of 25% 45% are possible. Efficient CAC systems will reduce the operational cost of public buildings, and decrease energy consumption therefore contributing to climate change mitigation.

4. During the COVID-19 outbreak, the risk of transmitting the virus through CAC systems in public buildings has become a major concern. According to recent research studies, the coronavirus can survive in the air for several hours in fine particles known as aerosols. Another study indicated that droplet transmission was prompted by air-conditioned ventilation. The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) advised that _transmission of coronavirus through the air is sufficiently likely that airborne exposure to the virus should be controlled. Changes to building operations, including the operation of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems can reduce airborne exposures_. ADB has implemented projects about energy efficiency but these are not focused on clean and high efficiency air conditioning systems. This TA will further assess the risks of airborne transmission in CAC system in DMCs and make appropriate recommendations.

5. CAC systems commonly use recirculated air (70%), mixed with fresh air (30%) in public buildings. Air filtration components of standard CAC systems are not effective in filtering viruses and other pathogens. Therefore, the recirculated air inside public buildings and other closed spaces have a high risk to the spread of COVID-19, other viruses, and bacteria highlighting the role that CAC systems can play in the transmission of COVID-19 and airborne diseases. In many DMCs, such risk is higher because of inadequate hygiene standards, such as the use of old and inefficient air conditioning equipment, lack of regular maintenance, and large crowds in closed spaces. The awareness and capacity of government institutions as well as the operators of the public buildings are also limited in dealing with these risks. Therefore, there is an urgent need to build (and/or retrofit) virus resilient and energy efficient CAC systems in the short and the longer term.

Impact Disease resilient clean energy development in DMCs promoted
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome Deployment of centralized air-conditioning systems that meet energy efficiency and indoor air hygiene needs increased
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Knowledge on energy efficiency and virus transmission risks of centralized air-conditioning systems in typical public buildings improved

Innovative centralized air-conditioning systems using digital technologies demonstrated

Awareness on energy conservation and containing indoor virus transmission enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Regional
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Individual consultants

International (14 person-months) and National (24 person-months)

Procurement Competitive grant selection procedure
Responsible ADB Officer Xu, Jinmiao
Responsible ADB Department Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
Responsible ADB Division SDSC-ENE
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 23 Jul 2020
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 12 Sep 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 21 Sep 2020

TA 6563-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Sep 2020 - 12 Sep 2020 31 Dec 2021 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
0.00 1,000,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,000,000.00 18 Nov 2021 46,679.41

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Centralized Air-conditioning Information Technology Application Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 05 Nov 2020 11 Nov 2020
Centralized Air-conditioning Health and Air Quality Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 05 Nov 2020 11 Nov 2020
Centralized Air-conditioning Energy Efficiency Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 27 Oct 2020 02 Nov 2020
Team Leader and Centralized Air-conditioning Technology Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 13 Oct 2020 19 Oct 2020

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found


Procurement Plan

None currently available.