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Vanuatu: Tropical Cyclone Harold Emergency Response Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 54221-001 Status: Active

The category 5 Tropical Cyclone (TC) Harold made landfall on 6 April 2020 in Sanma Province on the island of Espiritu Santo, delivering sustained winds of 200km/h gusting to 235km/h. Due to its path across the centre of Vanuatu, TC Harold directly impacted a large number of populated islands, including Ambrym, Malekula, Paama, Ambae Pentecost, Maewo, Malo, and the country's second largest city, Luganville, with a population of 16,000. Preliminary assessments indicated substantial structural damage (up to 70% of houses and structures in Luganville) - evacuation centers are reportedly full. Widespread crop damage has also raised food security concerns as the northern provinces produce about 80% of all major agricultural exports.

Project Details

Project Officer
Fay, David R. Pacific Department Request for information
Country
  • Vanuatu
Sector
  • Health
 
Project Name Tropical Cyclone Harold Emergency Response Project
Project Number 54221-001
Country Vanuatu
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0695-VAN: Tropical Cyclone Harold Emergency Response Project
Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Health / Disease control of non-communicable diseases and other priority programs

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

The category 5 Tropical Cyclone (TC) Harold made landfall on 6 April 2020 in Sanma Province on the island of Espiritu Santo, delivering sustained winds of 200km/h gusting to 235km/h. Due to its path across the centre of Vanuatu, TC Harold directly impacted a large number of populated islands, including Ambrym, Malekula, Paama, Ambae Pentecost, Maewo, Malo, and the country's second largest city, Luganville, with a population of 16,000. Preliminary assessments indicated substantial structural damage (up to 70% of houses and structures in Luganville) - evacuation centers are reportedly full. Widespread crop damage has also raised food security concerns as the northern provinces produce about 80% of all major agricultural exports.

The first aerial surveillance assessments of 7 April by Vanuatu's National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) assessed the total number of affected people at 159,474 (nearly 50% of the total population). The provinces of Sanma (53,344 people), Penama (32,055 people), and Malampa (40,917 people) have been assigned priority for assistance, while the needs in the provinces of Torba (10,012 people) and Sheperds Group (23,056 people) have been assigned second priority.

On 11 April 2020, he government declared a 30-day state of emergency. Notably, access to affected areas for the delivery of humanitarian relief may be inhibited by existing access controls intended to protect the population against COVID-19 transmission. Early situation reports from NDMO and United Nations indicate that immedicate efforts must focus on provision of potable water, shelter, logistics support to address food security risks, and the restoration of communications and power infrastructure.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy Based on identified needs, a proposed grant of $1 million from the APDFR is expected to fund expenses necessary to restore life-sustaining services, including but not limited to: (i) provision of medical kits, food, and bottled drinking water; (ii) purchase of water purification and sanitation systems; (iii) provision of transitional shelter; (iv) provision of personal hygiene kits; (v) site cleaning; and (vi) safe disposal of useless rubble. The proposed grant will contribute about 3% of the currently identified funding needed for the emergency response.
Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Fay, David R.
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Pacific Liaison and Coordination Office in Sydney, Australia
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance & Economic Management
P.M.B. 058
Port Vila
Vanuatu
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 20 Apr 2020 to 20 Apr 2020
MRM 02 Jun 2020
Approval 17 Apr 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 22 Apr 2020

Grant 0695-VAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
17 Apr 2020 11 May 2020 11 May 2020 11 Nov 2020 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 1.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 1.00 17 Apr 2020 1.00 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Apr 2020 1.00 0.00 100%
Status of Covenants
Category Sector Safeguards Social Financial Economic Others
Rating - - - - - Satisfactory

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