Fiji: Tropical Cyclone Harold Emergency Response Project

Sovereign Project | 54229-001

Tropical cyclone (TC) Harold, a category 4 cyclone, struck Fiji on 8 and 9 April 2020. With average hurricane force winds over 170 km/h and gusts up to 240 km/h, the cyclone caused widespread destruction across the Central, Eastern, and Western divisions in Fiji. Many small and remote islands lay in the direct path of TC Harold. It is estimated that more than 182,500 people in Fiji (or around 20% of the population) were directly affected. Destructive winds, storm surges and flooding from TC Harold destroyed villages, homes and government buildings, and severely damaged agriculture and infrastructure, including for water supply, waste and sanitation, electricity, and communications. An estimated 90% of crops have been destroyed in the most affected areas, leaving families with no alternative food source. Outbreaks of typhoid, leptospirosis, and dengue fever have been identified by the Ministry of Health as a major concern.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Olsson, Sivou Beatrice
    Pacific Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Fiji
  • Sector
    • Public sector management
Project Name Tropical Cyclone Harold Emergency Response Project
Project Number 54229-001
Country Fiji
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0697-FIJ: Tropical Cyclone Harold Emergency Response Project
Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund US$ 400,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Governance and capacity development
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management / Public expenditure and fiscal management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming No gender elements
Description

Tropical cyclone (TC) Harold, a category 4 cyclone, struck Fiji on 8 and 9 April 2020. With average hurricane force winds over 170 km/h and gusts up to 240 km/h, the cyclone caused widespread destruction across the Central, Eastern, and Western divisions in Fiji. Many small and remote islands lay in the direct path of TC Harold. It is estimated that more than 182,500 people in Fiji (or around 20% of the population) were directly affected. Destructive winds, storm surges and flooding from TC Harold destroyed villages, homes and government buildings, and severely damaged agriculture and infrastructure, including for water supply, waste and sanitation, electricity, and communications. An estimated 90% of crops have been destroyed in the most affected areas, leaving families with no alternative food source. Outbreaks of typhoid, leptospirosis, and dengue fever have been identified by the Ministry of Health as a major concern.

A state of natural disaster was declared for the affected divisions in Fiji on 12 April 2020. The NDMO is coordinating and monitoring relief efforts which are being undertaken by government agencies and local and international nongovernmental organizations. This has been particularly challenging given the remoteness of affected islands, travel restrictions due to COVID-19 outbreak, disruption to communication channels, limited number of boat vessels undertaking assessments, and stretched human resources.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The damage caused by TC Harold is of a scale beyond government's resources capacity to restore life-sustaining services to the affected population in a reasonable time. The response to the cyclone is especially challenging due to the wide geographical spread of the cyclone-affected areas and is further compounded by the COVID-19 outbreak, which is hindering the movement of people and supplies. The return to daily life will be slow and an additional burden on households, requiring extra expenditures at a time when incomes have been lost or reduced due to the effect of COVID-19 on Fiji's economy. The impact of TC Harold will have significant long-term social, psychological, and economic impacts on the affected population, which is highly reliant on subsistence farming for food security and livelihoods.
Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Olsson, Sivou Beatrice
Responsible ADB Department Pacific Department
Responsible ADB Division Pacific Subregional Office in Suva, Fiji
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Economy
Level 5x Ro Lalabalavu House
370 Victoria Parade
Suva, Fiji
Ministry of Finance
Vuna Road
Nuku'alofa
Kingdom of Tonga
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding 22 Apr 2020 to 22 Apr 2020
MRM 04 Jun 2020
Approval 28 Apr 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 28 Apr 2020

Grant 0697-FIJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
28 Apr 2020 07 May 2020 07 May 2020 07 Nov 2020 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 0.40 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 0.40 18 Nov 2021 0.40 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Nov 2021 0.40 0.00 100%

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