fbpx 54332-001: Supporting Innovation in the Philippine Technical and Vocational Education and Training System Project | Asian Development Bank

Philippines: Supporting Innovation in the Philippine Technical and Vocational Education and Training System Project

Sovereign (Public) Project | 54332-001 Status: Proposed

Like other countries in the Asia Pacific region, the Philippines has been prioritizing the modernization and reform of its technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system to enhance competitiveness and boost human capital development. The Philippine Development Plan, 2017-2022 emphasizes the need to improve the quality of TVET training programs, integrate 21st century competencies, strengthen certification, encourage research and innovation, and forge stronger links between TVET institutes and industry to increase employability of Filipino youth.

Project Details

Project Officer
Chakravarti, Shamit Southeast Asia Department Request for information
Country
  • Philippines
Sector
  • Education
 
Project Name Supporting Innovation in the Philippine Technical and Vocational Education and Training System Project
Project Number 54332-001
Country Philippines
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Supporting Innovation in Philippines Technical and Vocational Education Training System
Ordinary capital resources US$ 100.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Education / Technical and vocational education and training

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description

Like other countries in the Asia Pacific region, the Philippines has been prioritizing the modernization and reform of its technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system to enhance competitiveness and boost human capital development. The Philippine Development Plan, 2017-2022 emphasizes the need to improve the quality of TVET training programs, integrate 21st century competencies, strengthen certification, encourage research and innovation, and forge stronger links between TVET institutes and industry to increase employability of Filipino youth.

The Philippines has amongst the youngest demographic profiles in the world: around 57% of the population is less than 30 years old. Between 2012-2019, the Philippines economy grew at an annual rate of 6.5%, and unemployment fell from 7.0% to 5.1% and underemployment from 20.0% to 14.0%. The share of wage and salary workers grew from 57.2% to 65.0% during the same period. However, the mismatch between the employment rates of the agriculture and industry sectors and their contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) remains. In 2019, agriculture, industry, and services accounted for 23.5%, 18.9%, and 57.7% of total employment, while contributing 8.8%, 30.2%, and 61.0%, respectively, to GDP. Around 50% of the work force is employed in elementary occupations involving simple and routine tasks, service and sales (e.g., wholesale and retail trade, repair of vehicles, transportation and storage, accommodation, and food services), agriculture, forestry, and fisheries, where productivity is low and prospects for career advancement are limited. Women are likely to withdraw from the labor force in their childbearing age, which limits their prospects of going back to the workforce due to the care work.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Due to the adverse effects of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the community quarantines, the unemployment rate increased from 5.4% (2.4 million) to 10.0% (4.6 million), while underemployment increased from 13.6% (5.8 million) to 17.3% (7.1 million) between July 2019 and July 2020 (footnote 2). Labor force participation rate is lower among women at 48.5% compared to men at 75.3%. Vulnerable employment worsened from 36.1% to 39.6% among the employed over the same period. This is pushing up poverty, inequality, and informalization of the work force. To tap its demographic dividend effectively, equip its youth and workforce with the skills required for a technology and knowledge-driven globalized economy, and help the economy bounce back from COVID-19, the Philippines needs to modernize and reform its TVET system on a priority basis.

The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), the apex TVET agency of the Philippines, was established by the Technical Education and Skills Development Act, 1994. Based on this Act, TESDA is mandated to: (i) formulate a comprehensive skills development plan offering different types of training modalities; (ii) coordinate and monitor TVET programs; (iii) train mid-level human resources; (iv) approve skills standards and tests; (v) develop an accreditation system for TVET institutions; (vi) fund TVET programs; (vii) support training of trainers programs; (viii) reform the apprenticeship program; (ix) involve industry and employers in skills training; (x) develop and administer training incentives; (xi) organize skills competitions; (xii) manage skills development funds; and (xiii) devolve training functions to local governments (as appropriate).

Impact Global competitiveness and readiness of Filipino mid-level workforce strengthened, and TVET used more effectively as an instrument for social equity for workforce inclusion and poverty reduction
Outcome Employability of TVET graduates and equitable access to quality TVET improved
Outputs

The Philippines' skills development ecosystem modernized

TVET training made more demand-driven and industry-led

Selected TESDA TTIs upgraded and modernized into industry-responsive innovation centers

TESDA's management capacity and resilience strengthened

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Chakravarti, Shamit
Responsible ADB Department Southeast Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Division, SERD
Executing Agencies
Technical Education & Skills Dev. Authority(TESDA)
East Service Road, South Superhighway
Fort Bonifacio, Taguig
Timetable
Concept Clearance 26 Nov 2020
Fact Finding 17 May 2021 to 21 May 2021
MRM 07 Jul 2021
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 27 Nov 2020

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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