Bangladesh: COVID-19 Emergency Response Project

Sovereign Project | 54362-001

The Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund (APDRF) will help alleviate the government's immediate financial, logistics, and other constraints to meet immediate needs and deliver appropriate medical services, where required. The APDRF grant is intended, therefore, to be used to finance the procurement of essential medicines, medical equipment and infection control supplies such as personal protective equipment required for COVID-19 preparedness and emergency response.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Chowdhury, Farhat Jahan
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Bangladesh
  • Sector
    • Health
Project Name COVID-19 Emergency Response Project
Project Number 54362-001
Country / Economy Bangladesh
Project Status Closed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0731-BAN: COVID-19 Emergency Response
APDRF Government of Japan for COVID19 US$ 3.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Health / Disease control of communicable disease

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description The Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund (APDRF) will help alleviate the government's immediate financial, logistics, and other constraints to meet immediate needs and deliver appropriate medical services, where required. The APDRF grant is intended, therefore, to be used to finance the procurement of essential medicines, medical equipment and infection control supplies such as personal protective equipment required for COVID-19 preparedness and emergency response.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as a public health emergency of international concern on 30 January 2020, and thereafter characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic on 11 March 2020. No vaccine or specific therapeutic medicine is currently available for COVID-19. The Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) reported its first case of COVID-19 on 8 March 2020. As of 23 July 2020, the number of cases has reached 207,453 including 2,668 deaths. The COVID-19 outbreak has steadily increased since 4 April 2020, and currently stands at 1,218 per 1 million people. Bangladesh now faces a situation of accelerated community transmission. All 64 districts have confirmed COVID-19 cases as of 23 July 2020. Due to high population density, and a substantial share of the urban population living in informal settlements, the number of confirmed cases is expected to increase exponentially across the country in the coming days and weeks, and will continue to exert significant stress on the health system, including hospitals in cities as well as districts and upazilas. The government is facing severe challenges as the health system capacity is not adequate to manage the increasing COVID-19 caseload. There are 80 identified laboratories that can conduct approximately 18,000 tests per day, which is considered inadequate given the size of the population. The capacity of 629 institutional quarantine centers across 64 districts is limited, accommodating only 31,991 people. Health workers and police officials, engaged in enforcing physical distancing, are particularly at risk of contracting the disease. Following WHO's Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan for COVID-19, the government adopted a National Preparedness and Response Plan (NPRP) to prevent and control COVID-19, and to reduce its impact on the health, wellbeing and economy of the country on 18 March 2020. The NPRP aims to limit local transmission and prevent further entry of the disease in the country and seeks to strengthen surveillance, tracking, testing, isolation, caring and treatment efforts. A country wide lockdown was imposed on 26 March 2020 under which all public and private offices, except emergency services, were closed. On 20 May 2020, the government imposed a complete lockdown on 400 upazilas, and a partial lockdown on 38 upazilas. On 21 June 2020, certain areas of 10 districts were declared as _Red Zone._ The government has taken several initiatives to combat the impact of COVID-19, including (a) allocating $26 million to the health sector for setting up isolation centers and testing laboratories in different districts; (b) commencing direct cash transfers of $150 million to 5 million poor families; and (c) providing food aid of 400,000 metric tons of rice and 100,000 metric tons of wheat for the poor who lost their jobs due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The country-wide lockdown and temporary suspension of businesses is slowing down the economy. A study by the South Asian Network for Economic Modeling revealed that the poverty rate may rise to 40.9% if COVID-19 causes a 25% fall in household income due to the shutdown. Under this context, the government sent a request to ADB seeking assistance to support its response to the impacts of COVID-19 On 23 July 2020.
Impact .
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome .
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)

Completed implementation and closed the project on 2 June 2021.

The overall output of the project: The government has purchase 200,000 RT-PCR testing kits with swab sticks for supporting it's ongoing response to COVID-19 pandemic. The Finance Division under the Ministry of Finance - the executing agency of the grant - purchased these urgent equipment through Central Medical Store Depot under the Health Services Division. These RT-PCR testing kits are provided to 51 government hospitals of the country, including Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and Dhaka Medical College.

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment C
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services N/A
Procurement No Procurement
Responsible ADB Officer Chowdhury, Farhat Jahan
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Bangladesh Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Directorate General of Health Services
[email protected]
Planning and Research Unit, DGHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1212
Directorate General of Health Services
Planning and Research Unit, DGHS,
Mohakhali, Dhaka-1212
Finance Division, Ministry of Finance
Bangladesh Secretariat, Dhaka-1000
Bangladesh
Timetable
Concept Clearance 18 Jun 2022
Fact Finding 29 Jul 2020 to 29 Jul 2020
MRM 10 Sep 2020
Approval 05 Aug 2020
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 07 Jun 2021

Grant 0731-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
05 Aug 2020 29 Sep 2020 29 Sep 2020 29 Mar 2021 - 02 Jun 2021
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 3.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 3.00 17 Jun 2022 3.00 0.00 100%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 17 Jun 2022 3.00 0.00 100%

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

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