China, People's Republic of : Leveraging Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Mechanisms for the County-Level Sustainable Urbanization—Cases of Guangxi and Yunnan
The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will assist the People's Republic of China (PRC) to respond to the urgent need to improve the quality of urbanization in counties and county-level cities to be sustainable and inclusive by leveraging urban development cooperation mechanisms of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) program. The TA will build capacity and strengthen institutions of urban and related sectors at national and local levels.
East Asia Department
Request for information
China, People's Republic of
- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Leveraging Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Mechanisms for the County-Level Sustainable Urbanization—Cases of Guangxi and Yunnan|
|Country / Economy||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Operational Priorities||OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP4: Making cities more livable
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
|Sector / Subsector||
Public sector management / Public administration
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender||Some gender elements|
|Description||The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will assist the People's Republic of China (PRC) to respond to the urgent need to improve the quality of urbanization in counties and county-level cities to be sustainable and inclusive by leveraging urban development cooperation mechanisms of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) program. The TA will build capacity and strengthen institutions of urban and related sectors at national and local levels.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Urbanization in the Peoples Republic of China. The PRC has experienced rapid urbanization since 1978 when reform began to be implemented and opening-up started. The urbanization rate of 17.9% in 1978 reached 60.6% in 2019, and the PRC''s Fourteenth Five-Year Plan targets to achieve 65.0% by 2025. Urbanization was the critical driver of economic growth, and it brought remarkable prosperity to the country. However, the rapid, land-based, and supply-driven urbanization compromised the quality of peoples life and development, which caused social inequality and environmental degradation. The PRC launched an urbanization plan in 2014 with a new people-centered urbanization model. It aimed to optimize the patterns of urbanization, enhance the sustainability of cities, and promote urban-rural integration, especially the orderly integration of rural migrants into urban residents. Despite the urbanization achievements and shifted focus to people-centered urbanization, challenges remain. Many rural dwellers migrated and became urban residents, but essential urban services and infrastructure to accommodate them, especially social security, are still inadequate. Industries from the PRCs developed east coast area have shifted to some inland cities, but the peoples skills development in the inland cities are not necessarily matched with the needs of the relocated industries. Local governments rely on land-based development revenue, which results in an unsustainable rise in government debts and urban expansions. Climate risks and environmental degradation require a further shift from traditional linear and resource-intensive urbanization.
People-centered urbanization at counties and county-level cities promoted
The holistic approach to develop livable cities supported
|Description of Outcome||
Policies and project designs on county-level sustainable urbanization leveraging GMS cooperation improved
|Progress Toward Outcome||Progress will be assessed in 2024.|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Practical policy recommendations to implement county-level urbanization coordinated with GMS initiatives developed
Policy makers' capacity on county-level urbanization and GMS cooperation strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)||
Following the discussions with NDRC in February 2022, four individual consultant selections (three national and one international) were advertised, shortlisted consultants were interviewed, and NDRC's concurrence to the shortlist was requested.
In April 2022, another meeting with NDRC was held to discuss the consultant selection. To better meet the needs of NDRC, changes to the TA consulting service positions were agreed upon. The revised positions were approved through a minor change in implementation arrangements in May 2022. The individual consultant selections were re-advertised and all consultants were engaged by July 2022. To meet NDRC''s requests, the TA completion date was also extended by 6 months until 31 December 2023.
An inception mission in August 2022 held discussions with representatives from the executing and implementing agencies and consultants. The mission (i) introduced the team members, (ii) discussed the research methodologies and work plan, and (iii) discussed the adjusted implementation schedule.
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Yunnan|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Maruyama, Hinako|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
National Development and Reform Commission
|Concept Clearance||25 Oct 2021|
|Fact Finding||26 Nov 2021 to 26 Nov 2021|
|Approval||10 Dec 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||16 Sep 2022|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|10 Dec 2021||13 Dec 2021||13 Dec 2021||30 Jun 2023||31 Dec 2023||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|300,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||300,000.00||16 Sep 2022||25,202.22|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Leveraging Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Mechanisms for the County-Level Sustainable Urbanization - Cases of Guangxi and Yunnan: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2021|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|CS-02a: National urbanization and Greater Mekong Subregion development and cooperation specialist (Yunnan)||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|CS-01: National county development and urbanization specialist and team leader||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|CS-02b: National Urbanization and Greater Mekong Subregion Development and Cooperation Specialist (Guangxi)||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|CS-03: National TA coordinator||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|CS-04: International GMS and border area development specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|National Greater Mekong Subregion development and cooperation specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
None currently available.