China, People's Republic of: Leveraging Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Mechanisms for the County-Level Sustainable Urbanization—Cases of Guangxi and Yunnan
The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will assist the People's Republic of China (PRC) to respond to the urgent need to improve the quality of urbanization in counties and county-level cities to be sustainable and inclusive by leveraging urban development cooperation mechanisms of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) program. The TA will build capacity and strengthen institutions of urban and related sectors at national and local levels.
East Asia Department
Request for information
China, People's Republic of
- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Leveraging Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Mechanisms for the County-Level Sustainable Urbanization—Cases of Guangxi and Yunnan|
|Country / Economy||China, People's Republic of
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Public sector management / Public administration
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Some gender elements|
|Description||The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will assist the People's Republic of China (PRC) to respond to the urgent need to improve the quality of urbanization in counties and county-level cities to be sustainable and inclusive by leveraging urban development cooperation mechanisms of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) program. The TA will build capacity and strengthen institutions of urban and related sectors at national and local levels.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Urbanization in the Peoples Republic of China. The PRC has experienced rapid urbanization since 1978 when reform began to be implemented and opening-up started. The urbanization rate of 17.9% in 1978 reached 60.6% in 2019, and the PRC''s Fourteenth Five-Year Plan targets to achieve 65.0% by 2025. Urbanization was the critical driver of economic growth, and it brought remarkable prosperity to the country. However, the rapid, land-based, and supply-driven urbanization compromised the quality of peoples life and development, which caused social inequality and environmental degradation. The PRC launched an urbanization plan in 2014 with a new people-centered urbanization model. It aimed to optimize the patterns of urbanization, enhance the sustainability of cities, and promote urban-rural integration, especially the orderly integration of rural migrants into urban residents. Despite the urbanization achievements and shifted focus to people-centered urbanization, challenges remain. Many rural dwellers migrated and became urban residents, but essential urban services and infrastructure to accommodate them, especially social security, are still inadequate. Industries from the PRCs developed east coast area have shifted to some inland cities, but the peoples skills development in the inland cities are not necessarily matched with the needs of the relocated industries. Local governments rely on land-based development revenue, which results in an unsustainable rise in government debts and urban expansions. Climate risks and environmental degradation require a further shift from traditional linear and resource-intensive urbanization.|
People-centered urbanization at counties and county-level cities promoted
The holistic approach to develop livable cities supported
|Description of Outcome||Policies and project designs on county-level sustainable urbanization leveraging GMS cooperation improved|
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Practical policy recommendations to implement county-level urbanization coordinated with GMS initiatives developed
Policy makers' capacity on county-level urbanization and GMS cooperation strengthened
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Geographical Location||Nation-wide, Yunnan|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Maruyama, Hinako|
|Responsible ADB Department||East Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban and Social Sectors Division, EARD|
National Development and Reform Commission
No. 38 South Yuetan St.
|Concept Clearance||25 Oct 2021|
|Fact Finding||26 Nov 2021 to 26 Nov 2021|
|Approval||10 Dec 2021|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||10 Dec 2021|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|10 Dec 2021||13 Dec 2021||13 Dec 2021||30 Jun 2023||31 Dec 2023||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|300,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||300,000.00||08 Aug 2022||0.00|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Leveraging Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Mechanisms for the County-Level Sustainable Urbanization - Cases of Guangxi and Yunnan: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Dec 2021|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|CS-01: National county development and urbanization specialist and team leader||Individual - Consulting||Closed||21 May 2022||31 May 2022|
|CS-03: National TA coordinator||Individual - Consulting||Closed||21 May 2022||31 May 2022|
|CS-02a: National urbanization and Greater Mekong Subregion development and cooperation specialist (Yunnan)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||21 May 2022||31 May 2022|
|CS-02b: National Urbanization and Greater Mekong Subregion Development and Cooperation Specialist (Guangxi)||Individual - Consulting||Closed||21 May 2022||31 May 2022|
|CS-04: International GMS and border area development specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||21 May 2022||31 May 2022|
|National Greater Mekong Subregion development and cooperation specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed||21 Feb 2022||14 Mar 2022|
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