China, People's Republic of : Leveraging Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Mechanisms for the County-Level Sustainable Urbanization—Cases of Guangxi and Yunnan

Sovereign Project | 55028-001

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will assist the People's Republic of China (PRC) to respond to the urgent need to improve the quality of urbanization in counties and county-level cities to be sustainable and inclusive by leveraging urban development cooperation mechanisms of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) program. The TA will build capacity and strengthen institutions of urban and related sectors at national and local levels.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Maruyama, Hinako
    Sectors Group
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    China, People's Republic of
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Leveraging Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Mechanisms for the County-Level Sustainable Urbanization—Cases of Guangxi and Yunnan
Project Number 55028-001
Country / Economy China, People's Republic of
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6870-PRC: Leveraging Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Mechanisms for the County-Level Sustainable UrbanizationCases of Guangxi and Yunnan
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 300,000.00
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP4: Making cities more livable
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
Sector / Subsector

Public sector management / Public administration

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Some gender elements
Description The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will assist the People's Republic of China (PRC) to respond to the urgent need to improve the quality of urbanization in counties and county-level cities to be sustainable and inclusive by leveraging urban development cooperation mechanisms of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) program. The TA will build capacity and strengthen institutions of urban and related sectors at national and local levels.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Urbanization in the Peoples Republic of China. The PRC has experienced rapid urbanization since 1978 when reform began to be implemented and opening-up started. The urbanization rate of 17.9% in 1978 reached 60.6% in 2019, and the PRC's Fourteenth Five-Year Plan targets to achieve 65.0% by 2025. Urbanization was the critical driver of economic growth, and it brought remarkable prosperity to the country. However, the rapid, land-based, and supply-driven urbanization compromised the quality of people's life and development, which caused social inequality and environmental degradation. The PRC launched an urbanization plan in 2014 with a new people-centered urbanization model. It aimed to optimize the patterns of urbanization, enhance the sustainability of cities, and promote urban-rural integration, especially the orderly integration of rural migrants into urban residents. Despite the urbanization achievements and shifted focus to people-centered urbanization, challenges remain. Many rural dwellers migrated and became urban residents, but essential urban services and infrastructure to accommodate them, especially social security, are still inadequate. Industries from the PRCs developed east coast area have shifted to some inland cities, but the peoples skills development in the inland cities are not necessarily matched with the needs of the relocated industries. Local governments rely on land-based development revenue, which results in an unsustainable rise in government debts and urban expansions. Climate risks and environmental degradation require a further shift from traditional linear and resource-intensive urbanization.

Impact

People-centered urbanization at counties and county-level cities promoted

The holistic approach to develop livable cities supported

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Policies and project designs on county-level sustainable urbanization leveraging GMS cooperation improved

Progress Toward Outcome Progress will be assessed in 2024.
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Practical policy recommendations to implement county-level urbanization coordinated with GMS initiatives developed

Policy makers' capacity on county-level urbanization and GMS cooperation strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues) Following the discussions with NDRC in February 2022, four individual consultant selections (three national and one international) were advertised, shortlisted consultants were interviewed, and NDRC's concurrence to the shortlist was requested. In April 2022, another meeting with NDRC was held to discuss the consultant selection. To better meet the needs of NDRC, changes to the TA consulting service positions were agreed upon. The revised positions were approved through a minor change in implementation arrangements in May 2022. The individual consultant selections were re-advertised and all consultants were engaged by July 2022. To meet NDRC's requests, the TA completion date was also extended by 6 months until 31 December 2023. An inception mission in August 2022 held discussions with representatives from the executing and implementing agencies and consultants. The mission (i) introduced the team members, (ii) discussed the research methodologies and work plan, and (iii) discussed the adjusted implementation schedule. A hybrid (virtual and physical) interim mission was held in July 2023. Four individual consultants (three national and one international) have conducted online and onsite surveys in Guangxi and Yunnan provinces during February-March 2023, drafted the survey reports and an interim report during April-June 2023, and submitted the report to ADB in early July 2023. The consultants presented the overall progress of the TA and survey findings during the interim mission. During the interim mission in July 2023, it was agreed to further extend the TA completion date for 12 months until 31 December 2024 to provide sufficient time for (i) completion of the policy brief, workshops, and knowledge products under Output 1; and (ii) conduct of capacity needs assessment and training and alignment of the TA activities with the GMS Program activities under Output 2.
Geographical Location Nation-wide, Yunnan
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Maruyama, Hinako
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Water and Urban Development Sector Office (SG-WUD)
Executing Agencies
National Development and Reform Commission
Timetable
Concept Clearance 25 Oct 2021
Fact Finding 26 Nov 2021 to 26 Nov 2021
MRM -
Approval 10 Dec 2021
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 19 Sep 2023

TA 6870-PRC

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
10 Dec 2021 13 Dec 2021 13 Dec 2021 30 Jun 2023 31 Dec 2024 -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 23 Sep 2023 115,070.15

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
CS-02a: National urbanization and Greater Mekong Subregion development and cooperation specialist (Yunnan) Individual - Consulting Closed
CS-01: National county development and urbanization specialist and team leader Individual - Consulting Closed
CS-02b: National Urbanization and Greater Mekong Subregion Development and Cooperation Specialist (Guangxi) Individual - Consulting Closed
CS-03: National TA coordinator Individual - Consulting Closed
CS-04: International GMS and border area development specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
National Greater Mekong Subregion development and cooperation specialist Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.