Cambodia : Science and Technology Project in Upper Secondary Education

Sovereign Project | 55134-001

The proposed project is part of Asian Development Bank (ADB) strategically sequenced support to harness the transformational potential of upper secondary education (USE) in Cambodia. The project will build on the first two USE programs by deepening reforms in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education and address the increasing demand for high-quality human resources to boost Cambodia's rapidly evolving economy. It will improve upper secondary STEM education by (i) providing high-quality teaching-learning environments in a wide range of upper secondary schools (USSs) nationwide, (ii) increasing the skills of USE STEM teachers and strengthening STEM education delivery, and (iii) strengthening USS leadership and management capacity.

Project Details

Project Name Science and Technology Project in Upper Secondary Education
Project Number 55134-001
Country / Economy Cambodia
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan 4244-CAM: Science and Technology Project in Upper Secondary Education (CAM STeP Up)
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 70.00 million
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector

Education / Secondary

Gender Gender equity theme
Description The proposed project is part of Asian Development Bank (ADB) strategically sequenced support to harness the transformational potential of upper secondary education (USE) in Cambodia. The project will build on the first two USE programs by deepening reforms in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education and address the increasing demand for high-quality human resources to boost Cambodia's rapidly evolving economy. It will improve upper secondary STEM education by (i) providing high-quality teaching-learning environments in a wide range of upper secondary schools (USSs) nationwide, (ii) increasing the skills of USE STEM teachers and strengthening STEM education delivery, and (iii) strengthening USS leadership and management capacity.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Cambodia's rapid economic expansion during 2011-2019 with average gross domestic product growth of 7.6% per year was driven by its shift from an agrarian economy to a broad-based, industrial, and technology-oriented one with increased private sector investment. This increased the demand for high-quality human resources, especially in the STEM field, widely seen as the key driver of innovations that improve productivity and foster sustainable growth. However, Cambodia's education system is unable to keep up with such demand and skills gaps remain significant.

Cambodia also needs to upgrade its traditional STEM education by integrating important 21st-century skills, knowledge, and competencies. This includes improving student proficiency in critical thinking, problem solving, creativity, and collaboration, which are required to sustain an inclusive knowledge-based economy.

Impact

High quality human resources for a knowledge-based society developed (Cambodia Secondary Education Blueprint 2030)

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Effectiveness of upper secondary education improved

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Equitable access to standards-based upper secondary education expanded

Quality of STEM teaching and learning strengthened

Institutional capacity for planning, management and delivery of education strengthened

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The project activities, including the renovation of classrooms in existing schools and the construction of the Cambodia Science and Technology Center, are not anticipated to cause significant adverse environmental impacts. Minor environmental impacts, primarily noise, vibration, and dust emissions, as well as construction waste generation, could result in localized pollution and injuries to workers and nearby communities if pollution and safety risks are not adequately mitigated. These can be prevented or mitigated with good construction management practices. The initial environmental examination report, including the environmental management plan, prepared for the project, will guide environment and safety risk management during minor civil works.
Involuntary Resettlement The project will not entail land acquisition and involuntary resettlement issues. Construction of the Cambodia Science and Technology Center will be done within the ITC campus and the renovation and upgrading of classrooms will be done within existing school grounds, which are all state-owned properties. The land used for project school campuses and the ITC is unencumbered. All civil works will not restrict access to lands or people's livelihoods. Site screening of other schools not included in the sample used for the due diligence report will be done during project implementation to assess the involuntary resettlement impact.
Indigenous Peoples Project activities are only expected to have only positive impacts on indigenous students and teachers, particularly in terms of increased access to quality education, improved capacity of teachers, and improved learning outcomes in the project areas. There will be clear benefits for indigenous students participating in education as well as post-education employment prospects. The poverty and social impact assessment determined that project activities will not adversely affect the indigenous people's identity, dignity, human rights, livelihood systems, and cultural uniqueness.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design Key stakeholders were consulted during project preparation, including the students, teachers, school directors, nongovernment organizations involved in the design and/or implementation of education projects and some civil society organizations. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport of Cambodia and its management and relevant staff worked closely with the ADB project team in the design of this project.
During Project Implementation Selected Civil Society Organizations specializing in STEM teaching and organizing STEM-oriented cocurricular activities will be contracted as resource persons or service providers for specific training and events. CSOs may also be involved in outreach for the Cambodia Science and Technology Center. Partnerships for continuous professional development and STEM curriculum enhancement may be established with tertiary and polytechnic education and training institutions, NGOs, and industry and business.
Responsible ADB Officer Lawrence, Annika R.
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Human and Social Development Sector Office (SG-HSD)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
Timetable
Concept Clearance 09 Jul 2021
Fact Finding 04 Apr 2022 to 08 Jul 2022
MRM 09 Aug 2022
Approval 04 Nov 2022
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 07 Nov 2022

Loan 4244-CAM

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
04 Nov 2022 22 Dec 2022 22 Mar 2023 30 Jun 2029 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 78.24 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 70.00 25 Oct 2023 0.13 0.00 0%
Counterpart 8.24 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 25 Oct 2023 0.70 0.00 1%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Science and Technology Project in Upper Secondary Education: Indigenous Peoples Plan Indigenous Peoples Plans/Indigenous Peoples Development Plans Aug 2022
Science and Technology Project in Upper Secondary Education: Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2022
Science and Technology Project in Upper Secondary Education: Resettlement Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Jun 2022

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Environment and Social Safeguards Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Science & Technology Centre Feasibility Study Firm - Consulting Closed
Project Implementation Support Consultants Firm - Consulting Closed
National Procurement Consultant (1) Individual - Consulting Closed
National Procurement Consultant (2) Individual - Consulting Closed
National Financial Management Consultant Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

Title Document Type Document Date
Science and Technology Project in Upper Secondary Education: Procurement Plan Procurement Plans Sep 2022