Uzbekistan : Samarkand Solar Power Project
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|Project Name||Samarkand Solar Power Project|
|Borrower / Company||"Nur Samarkand Solar PV" Foreign Enterprise Limited Liability Company
|Country / Economy||Uzbekistan
|Type or Modality of Assistance||
|Operational Priorities||OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
|Sector / Subsector||
Energy / Renewable energy generation - solar
|Gender||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Responsible ADB Department||Private Sector Operations Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Infrastructure Finance Division 1|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Rogan, Xeniya|
|Project Sponsor(s)||Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company PJSC - Masdar
|Objectives and Scope||Uzbekistan's new energy policy emphasizes the deployment of renewable energy, encouraged by early achievements to invite private sector investments in multiple large solar and wind power projects, the government is currently working on increasing the solar capacity to 5 GW and wind capacity to 7 GW. This project is expected to establish bankable precedents intended to catalyze further private sector participation in Uzbekistan's renewable energy sector.|
|Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||The project is consistent with ADB's Strategy 2030, which includes tackling climate change and enhancing environmental sustainability as key operational priorities. The project is also consistent with the Uzbekistan Country Partnership Strategy 2019-2023, as the project will help foster reliable energy supply to improve energy security and promote the use of renewable energy sources. ADB seeks to create conditions for greater private sector participation in Uzbekistan.|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
The project is classified as category B for environment. The initial environmental and social examination (IESE) identified that the project location is not within or adjacent to any environmentally sensitive areas. It is noted however that the Great Bustard, listed by the IUCN as Vulnerable and Critically Endangered on the Uzbekistan Red List, is noted as species that could potentially use the airspace in the project's area of influence (AoI). Great Bustards are known to be susceptible to collision with overhead lines however, it is considered that there is a low likelihood that the project's OHTL (approximately 5km) would cause significant impacts on this population, as the OHTL is outside the habitat directly used by bustards. Nevertheless, specific measures will be put in place to reduce potential collision impacts for Great Bustards, and to compensate for any that might occur. Further details on these measures will be presented in the project's Biodiversity Management Plan (BMP).
The IESE further identified potentially adverse environmental impacts including but not limited to impacts on surface water, groundwater, visual and landscape, biodiversity, soil quality, noise and air quality, traffic, and community and occupational health and safety. These impacts are considered to be site-specific, few if any of them are irreversible, and in most cases, mitigation measures can be designed readily. The project's environment, health, and safety risks and impacts have been identified and assessed, and appropriate mitigation measures have been developed, as detailed in the IESE.
The project has both permanent and temporary land impacts. Permanent land take includes the Solar PV area (426 ha) and the OTL footprints along the 4.5km transmission line which will be required for the construction and operation phases. Temporarily affected areas required during the construction phase include the tower assembly areas adjacent to each tower footprint and an 18m wide right of way along the OTL needed for the suspension of power cables. Access to each tower will be obtained via this right of way. The sterilization zone includes land 32m meters either side of the OTL. The land inside the sterilization zone will not be occupied by the project however, users of this land will be required to abide by safety conditions, i.e., trees over 6m tall cannot be present in this area, while other farming activities can continue inside this zone.
Masdar will lease the project site from the Ministry of Energy under a 30-year term. Within the project site, there were five economically displaced leaseholder households, two of which will be compensated for the loss of structures and crops, on top of the livelihood support in the form of cash allowance and livestock provision, to be provided for all five households. The project site used to be a herding area for 42 herders (35 community and seven professional herders), and community members collected livestock feed from the site for winter. 218 individuals were recorded as part of the 42 herder households. For the OHTL, there are four leaseholder farmers affected but the land take is not significant to cause any income loss. The most extensive permanent land take is 0.5% for the towers, and the most significant temporary land take is 3% for the assembly areas and construction route.
The borrower prepared a Social Compliance Audit (SCA) to assess the compliance of land acquisition against ADB SR2 and a Livelihood Restoration Plan (LRP) to address the Project's physical and economic displacement impacts on former leaseholders, informal land users such as herders and feed gatherers, and vulnerable population among the project affected people.
|Indigenous Peoples||The project is classified as category C for Indigenous People under ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Results of the IESE done by a third-party consultant indicates that the project will not have any impacts on Indigenous Peoples or on any vulnerable ethnic minorities, and its operations is not anticipated to result in any Indigenous Peoples impacts.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation||For the IESE and project preparation stage of the project, Masdar, with the help of its E&S advisor, developed an initial stakeholder engagement plan (SEP) that covers all stakeholders and all manners of engagement required, including consultation with project-affected households, local government agencies and ministries, civil society organizations and other relevant stakeholders. The SEP will eventually form part of the project's environment and social management plan (ESMP) along with other forms of public engagement, such as a grievance redress mechanism (GRM). Specific to ADB's SR2 on involuntary resettlement, the project will conduct meaningful consultations with project-affected people on the project LRP and set up a GRM related to land acquisition and involuntary resettlement. The implementation of the LRP will require the participation of relevant stakeholders. Reporting on the implementation of the project's SEP, GRM, and LRP-specific stakeholder engagement and GRM will be required by ADB on a regular basis.|
|Timetable for assistance design, processing and implementation|
|Credit Committee Meeting||-|
|Approval||15 Mar 2023|
|Last PDS Update||15 Mar 2023|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Samarkand Solar Power Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Jan 2023|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Samarkand Solar Power Project: Draft Social Compliance Audit Report||Social Compliance Audit Report||Jan 2023|
|Samarkand Solar Power Project: Draft Resettlement Plan||Resettlement Plans||Jan 2023|
|Samarkand Solar Power Project: Draft Initial Environmental and Social Examination Report||Initial Environmental Examination||Jan 2023|
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
ADB, MASDAR to Unlock Uzbekistan’s Renewable Power Potential With 3 New Solar Power PlantsADB and Masdar have signed three loans to build three solar power plants in Uzbekistan’s Surkhandarya (Sherabad), Samarkand, and Jizzakh regions, generating a total of 897 MW, making them the region’s largest solar power development.