Regional: Support to Balanced and Sustainable Urban Operations in Central and West Asia

Sovereign Project | 55165-001

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will increase upstream urban engagement in the Central and West Asia developing member countries (DMC) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to raise their prospects of transformative urban development trajectory. It is intended to strengthen inclusive and participatory processes for holistic and programmatic urban solutions, and sharpen the DMCs' policy and strategic focus for maximum impacts, while enhancing ADB's client orientation and responsiveness to provide context for their diverse circumstances and ADB operations through proactive engagement with governments, national and sector agencies. The TA will support the integrated urban planning through national urban assessments, build the DMCs' capacities, and promote peer learnings, knowledge exchange, and dialogue for sustainable urban development.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Kim, Jung Ho
    Central and West Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country
    Regional
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Support to Balanced and Sustainable Urban Operations in Central and West Asia
Project Number 55165-001
Country Regional
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Tajikistan
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA: Support to Balanced and Sustainable Urban Operations in Central and West Asia
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 800,000.00
Strategic Agendas Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will increase upstream urban engagement in the Central and West Asia developing member countries (DMC) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to raise their prospects of transformative urban development trajectory. It is intended to strengthen inclusive and participatory processes for holistic and programmatic urban solutions, and sharpen the DMCs' policy and strategic focus for maximum impacts, while enhancing ADB's client orientation and responsiveness to provide context for their diverse circumstances and ADB operations through proactive engagement with governments, national and sector agencies. The TA will support the integrated urban planning through national urban assessments, build the DMCs' capacities, and promote peer learnings, knowledge exchange, and dialogue for sustainable urban development.

The TA will be aligned with the following impact: provision of urban infrastructure and services in Central and West Asia improved. The TA will have the following outcome: upstream urban sector engagement in Central and West Asia DMCs increased. These will be achieved through the following outputs.

Output 1: Integrated national urban assessment developed. National urban assessment will provide information about current urban condition information to sector decision makers, government officials, operators, local practitioners, and potential investors. At least two national urban assessments will be prepared or updated in consultation with DMCs and resident missions. The assessment will be the base document to gain understanding of large-scale, inter-related, and complex national urban development challenges and opportunities. It will (i) obtain sector data and analytics including spatial land use, urban mobility, tourism development, and heritage conservation; (ii) prepare sector and donor mapping; (iii) seek inputs from key stakeholders including civil society organizations (CSOs) on challenges and opportunities for sustainable integrated urban development and citizen engagement mechanisms; (iv) assess approaches to sustainable sector development while helping DMCs keep their perspective support to vulnerable populations, gender, and environmental and climate change; (v) promote system thinking, develop government strategic priorities and integrated urban planning, and outline potential ADB support areas; and (vi) evaluate and promote urban development levers (institutional and human resource capacity, governance, investment, procurement, information communication and technology, and fiscal considerations). The assessment will be aligned with the country partnership strategy preparation in respective DMCs.

Output 2: Sector capacity developed and knowledge shared. The TA will engage with existing and potential executing and implementing agencies to raise awareness, equip them to plan, implement, and finance balanced and sustainable urban solutions, and explore opportunities for knowledge solutions and dialogue, including with relevant CSOs and project-affected communities. It will include hands-on guidance on ADB project requirements in procurement, financial, economic, poverty, gender, safeguards, climate change, and public-private partnership as well as ADB products. It will also render support to technical capacity building, implementation, and other activities in livable cities covering policy, institutional and financial reforms, governance, universal urban design and planning, citizen engagement including participatory design and planning, climate-resilient land and asset management, tariff mechanisms, innovative financing, digital and high-level technologies with citizen feedback mechanisms, knowledge management, circular economy practices, tourism development, and heritage conservation. The TA will support establishment of communication channels among governments, private sector, knowledge institutions, CSOs, and other development partners.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Majority of COVID-19 cases are in urban areas. Urban areas contributing to about 80% of economic growth in DMCs have 90% of all reported coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases. COVID-19 pandemic has caused a significant decline in economic activities, leaving many states and local governments fiscally challenged. ADB projected that the Central and West Asia region as a whole would record a negative gross domestic product growth rate of 0.5% in 2020. The region, home to around 351 million people, faces unprecedented health crisis. The pandemic has heightened the urban vulnerabilities, and spatial and socioeconomic imbalances which led to further reduced livelihoods for the urban poor. Unsanitary living conditions increase exposure to COVID-19 and other diseases. Poor access to essential urban services has not only hindered effective COVID-19 response but risks the lives and well-being of urban residents. The long-term effectiveness of enabling frameworks such as government policy and intervention will help determine the shape and pace of the post-pandemic recovery and economic growth.

The COVID-19 pandemic responses call for integrated urban planning for urban development. Urban development deficits remain high in the region. DMCs need reliable and resilient infrastructure development to support their economy and growth potential. The pandemic has made a significant impact on urban planning and operations. DMCs often resort to infrastructure-focused measures that are short-term, fragmented, uncoordinated, and counterproductive. This is mainly because multisectoral and multi-thematic (pro-poor, gender responsiveness, urban environment sustainability, and climate change and disaster management) linked impacts have not been integrated into planning. Commensurate institutional capacity and other support structures to underpin sector performance have also been neglected. A comprehensive assessment is required to examine underlying constraints and opportunities to encourage cross-sector collaboration and stronger stakeholder ownership and accountability for promoting investments.

Inadequate sector capacity and knowledge is a key constraint in the region. Developing skills and competencies in urban agencies are crucial attributes to meet anticipated future needs and succeed in advancing urban infrastructure and services. ADB's urban portfolio is currently concentrated on three DMCs in the region---Georgia, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan---while expanding to other DMCs in the region, including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan. DMCs need ADB's continued supports in sector capacity and knowledge development through technical assistance.

Impact Provision of urban infrastructure and services in Central and West Asia improved
Outcome Upstream urban sector engagement in Central and West Asia DMCs increased
Outputs

Integrated national urban assessment developed

Sector capacity developed and knowledge shared

Geographical Location Armenia - Nation-wide; Azerbaijan - Nation-wide; Kazakhstan - Nation-wide; Kyrgyz Republic - Nation-wide; Tajikistan - Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

ADB's Central and West Asia Department (CWRD), Urban Development and Water Division (CWUW) will administer the TA, working closely with ADB's resident missions, sector and thematic groups, and relevant divisions and departments. TA outputs will be delivered through selection of consulting firm using the quality-and-cost-based selection method with a quality-ratio of 90:10 and individual consultants for capacity building, coordination, and other specialized expertise in accordance with the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated staff instructions. The consultants will use virtual collaboration tools in accordance with the COVID-19 Specific Guidance on Consulting Services until travel restrictions are lifted.

Indicative consulting service requirements are as follows:

(i) Firm (international 9 person-months; national 8 person-months) via QCBS selection;

(ii) Individual: International consultants (17 person-months) via ICS; and

(iii) Individual: National consultants (12 person-months) via ICS.

Responsible ADB Officer Kim, Jung Ho
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance 12 Oct 2021
Fact Finding 25 Oct 2021 to 30 Oct 2021
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 13 Oct 2021

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Tenders

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Procurement Plan

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