India: Supporting Green Hydrogen Through High Technology

Sovereign Project | 55173-001

This knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) aims to help India accelerate the energy transition from hydrocarbon to green hydrogen economy through novel technologies, suitable applications, and concrete development roadmaps. Hydrogen energy can be called _green hydrogen_ when it is produced in the process of water electrolysis powered by renewable sources. This alternative energy is carbon-free to help reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in various energy-intensive sectors. Thus, the TA will support the climate change and the post coronavirus disease (COVID-19) green recovery. The TA plans to take a practical approach in pairing preparation of pilot projects and policy frameworks in tandem. The TA will identify and prepare green hydrogen project schemes for demonstration purposes with technical, financial, contractual, and capacity development arrangements.

Project Details

Project Name Supporting Green Hydrogen Through High Technology
Project Number 55173-001
Country India
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Energy / Energy sector development and institutional reform

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description This knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) aims to help India accelerate the energy transition from hydrocarbon to green hydrogen economy through novel technologies, suitable applications, and concrete development roadmaps. Hydrogen energy can be called _green hydrogen_ when it is produced in the process of water electrolysis powered by renewable sources. This alternative energy is carbon-free to help reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in various energy-intensive sectors. Thus, the TA will support the climate change and the post coronavirus disease (COVID-19) green recovery. The TA plans to take a practical approach in pairing preparation of pilot projects and policy frameworks in tandem. The TA will identify and prepare green hydrogen project schemes for demonstration purposes with technical, financial, contractual, and capacity development arrangements. In parallel, the TA will help formulate the government's sector level policy frameworks and the corporate level business strategies towards investments in pilot and subsequent projects.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy During 2020 2021, the Government of India announced the National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM) to draw up a roadmap for using green hydrogen as an energy source. This initiative has the potential of transforming economic activities on energy, transportation, industry, agribusiness, and others since there are various usages of hydrogen in the multi-sectors. Currently, hydrogen is widely used for petrochemical and manufacturing industries to produce plastics, glasses, electronics, steel, solvents, methanol, and ammonia which can be further used to produce chemical fertilizers. Much hydrogen is also used in an oil refinery process to remove sulfur and others. Thus, the hydrogen consumption has been increasing with economic and industrial growth. The usage can further be expanded to blending to compressed natural gas and pipelined gas, fuel cells for heavy duty transport (e.g., buses and trucks), industrial heat, power generation, and renewable energy storage purposes.
Impact Usage of green hydrogen increased in multiple sectors as aligned with the National Hydrogen Energy Mission
Outcome Readiness for project investments in green hydrogen development and business enhanced
Outputs

Pilot hydrogen projects identified and prepared

Comprehensive hydrogen development's sector strategies, roadmaps, and regulations formulated

Decarbonization oriented corporate strategies and business plans prepared

Hydrogen development knowledge sharing and awareness improvement among stakeholders promoted

Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services n/a
Procurement n/a
Responsible ADB Officer Son, Jongmi
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Energy Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Shastri Bhavan-1, New Delhi
India
Timetable
Concept Clearance 08 Nov 2021
Fact Finding 05 Nov 2021 to 05 Nov 2021
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 08 Nov 2021

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