Bangladesh: Second Coastal Towns Environmental Infrastructure Improvement Sector Project
The Government of Bangladesh (the government) has requested support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to strengthen the climate resilience of vulnerable coastal towns, thereby enhancing their ability to anticipate, absorb, accommodate, and recover from the effects of climate shocks and stresses. The proposed project will support selected coastal towns in pursuing sustainable development and enhancing the quality of life of all residents. It will also help in strengthening rural resilience, as these small towns often act as service centers for surrounding rural areas.
South Asia Department
Request for information
- Water and other urban infrastructure and services
|Project Name||Second Coastal Towns Environmental Infrastructure Improvement Sector Project|
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Grant
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Strategic Agendas||Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
|Drivers of Change||Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban roads and traffic management
Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services - Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban sanitation - Urban slum development - Urban solid waste management
|Gender Equity and Mainstreaming||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The Government of Bangladesh (the government) has requested support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to strengthen the climate resilience of vulnerable coastal towns, thereby enhancing their ability to anticipate, absorb, accommodate, and recover from the effects of climate shocks and stresses. The proposed project will support selected coastal towns in pursuing sustainable development and enhancing the quality of life of all residents. It will also help in strengthening rural resilience, as these small towns often act as service centers for surrounding rural areas.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world with high exposure to a multitude of climate-related hazards such as floods, tropical cyclones and associated hazards, and drought. The natural hazards interact with physical and socioeconomic factors, including its low-lying delta and coastal areas, high population density, poverty levels, and lack of resilient infrastructure, resulting in high disaster risk with widespread impacts on both rural and expanding urban areas. Climate change is projected to alter precipitation patterns with likely unprecedented extremes, increase average temperature, and increase the intensity of tropical cyclones. Further, the country may experience sea level rises of 14 centimeters (cm), 32 cm, and 88 cm by the years 2030, 2050, and 2100, respectively, which will exacerbate the impact of storm surges in low-lying coastal regions. Estimates suggest that the effects of climate change could cause an average loss of about 1.3% in the growth of gross domestic product per year until 2041.
Coastal towns and climate risk. Coastal towns are particularly at risk from the impacts of climate change due to a combination of reasons including high levels of poverty and limited capacity of pourashavas (local governments) to invest in resilience. Most of the coastal towns are situated on the riverbanks of low-lying tidal zones at an average elevation of 1.0-1.5 meters (m) from the sea level and face persistent challenges in providing climate-resilient basic municipal infrastructure and services. Coastal flooding is a key hazard faced by the coastal towns. Estimates suggest that without climate adaptation, an average of 2.5 million to 7.2 million people annually will be affected by coastal flooding in Bangladesh in 2070 to 2100. Rapid unplanned development which compromises natural drainage systems and wetlands, inadequate storm water drainage facilities, and poor solid waste management, all contribute to increased climate risk. Sea level rise result in both groundwater and surface water salinity and shortages in drinking water. The climate-related challenges faced by the proposed coastal towns include: (i) inadequate basic municipal infrastructure for resilience, (ii) limited adaptive capacity of low-income and vulnerable communities, and (iii) capacity constraints at different government levels with weak governance.
There is an urgent need to strengthen institutional capacity and governance, public awareness and participation, and knowledge management to complement physical investments as part of an integrated approach for building climate change resilience. The proposed project will support strengthening the capacity of pourashavas and the Local Government and Engineering Department (LGED), enabling them to anticipate, incorporate, and respond to changes relating to resource mobilization, governance structures, and future planning.
Higher and sustainable growth trajectories achieved in the face of the various weather-related natural hazards and risk.
Improved livability of coastal towns
|Outcome||Climate and disaster resilience of coastal towns strengthened benefiting the poor and women|
Municipal infrastructure for resilience improved.
Resilient livelihood improved.
Institutional capacity, governance, and climate-awareness strengthened.
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||All consultants will be recruited according to ADB Procurement Policy and Regulation 2017. Strategic Procurement Planning is ongoing.|
|Procurement||All procurement of goods and works shall be carried out in accordance with ADB Procurement Policy and Regulation, 2017. Strategic Procurement Planning is ongoing.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Sharma, Laxmi|
|Responsible ADB Department||South Asia Department|
|Responsible ADB Division||Urban Development and Water Division, SARD|
Local Government Engineering Department
LGED Bhaban (Level 6), Agargaon
Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development, and Co-operatives
Rural Development and Cooperatives
Room 632, Bldg 7
Block-B, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh
|Concept Clearance||16 Aug 2021|
|Fact Finding||15 Nov 2021 to 30 Nov 2021|
|MRM||15 Feb 2022|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||17 Aug 2021|
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Second Coastal Towns Environmental Infrastructure Improvement Sector Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Aug 2021|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
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