Bangladesh: Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Project

Sovereign Project | 55201-001

The Government of Bangladesh (the government) has requested support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to strengthen the climate resilience of vulnerable coastal towns, thereby enhancing their ability to anticipate, absorb, accommodate, and recover from the effects of climate shocks and stresses. The proposed project will support selected coastal towns in pursuing sustainable development and enhancing the quality of life of all residents. It will also help in strengthening rural resilience, as these small towns often act as service centers for surrounding rural areas.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Sharma, Laxmi
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Approval Date
    26 October 2022
  • Country/Economy
    Bangladesh
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Project
Project Number 55201-001
Country / Economy Bangladesh
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant 0858-BAN: Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Project
Asian Development Fund US$ 4.00 million
Loan 4237-BAN: Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Project
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 150.00 million
Loan 4238-BAN: Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Project
Ordinary capital resources US$ 96.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Sector / Subsector

Transport / Urban roads and traffic management

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Other urban services - Urban flood protection - Urban policy, institutional and capacity development - Urban slum development - Urban solid waste management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Gender equity
Description The Government of Bangladesh (the government) has requested support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to strengthen the climate resilience of vulnerable coastal towns, thereby enhancing their ability to anticipate, absorb, accommodate, and recover from the effects of climate shocks and stresses. The proposed project will support selected coastal towns in pursuing sustainable development and enhancing the quality of life of all residents. It will also help in strengthening rural resilience, as these small towns often act as service centers for surrounding rural areas.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world with high exposure to a multitude of climate-related hazards such as floods, tropical cyclones and associated hazards, and drought. The natural hazards interact with physical and socioeconomic factors, including its low-lying delta and coastal areas, high population density, poverty levels, and lack of resilient infrastructure, resulting in high disaster risk with widespread impacts on both rural and expanding urban areas. Climate change is projected to alter precipitation patterns with likely unprecedented extremes, increase average temperature, and increase the intensity of tropical cyclones. Further, the country may experience sea level rises of 14 centimeters (cm), 32 cm, and 88 cm by the years 2030, 2050, and 2100, respectively, which will exacerbate the impact of storm surges in low-lying coastal regions. Estimates suggest that the effects of climate change could cause an average loss of about 1.3% in the growth of gross domestic product per year until 2041.

Coastal towns and climate risk. Coastal towns are particularly at risk from the impacts of climate change due to a combination of reasons including high levels of poverty and limited capacity of pourashavas (local governments) to invest in resilience. Most of the coastal towns are situated on the riverbanks of low-lying tidal zones at an average elevation of 1.0-1.5 meters (m) from the sea level and face persistent challenges in providing climate-resilient basic municipal infrastructure and services._Coastal flooding is a key hazard faced by the coastal towns. Estimates suggest that without climate adaptation, an average of 2.5 million to 7.2 million people annually will be affected by coastal flooding in Bangladesh in 2070 to 2100._Rapid unplanned development which compromises natural drainage systems and wetlands, inadequate storm water drainage facilities, and poor solid waste management, all contribute to increased climate risk. Sea level rise result in both groundwater and surface water salinity and shortages in drinking water. The climate-related challenges faced by the proposed coastal towns include: (i) inadequate basic municipal infrastructure for resilience, (ii) limited adaptive capacity of low-income and vulnerable communities, and (iii) capacity constraints at different government levels with weak governance._

There is an urgent need to strengthen institutional capacity and governance, public awareness and participation, and knowledge management to complement physical investments as part of an integrated approach for building climate change resilience. The proposed project will support strengthening the capacity of pourashavas and the Local Government and Engineering Department (LGED), enabling them to anticipate, incorporate, and respond to changes relating to resource mobilization, governance structures, and future planning.

Impact

Higher and sustainable growth trajectories achieved in the face of the various weather-related natural hazards and risk.

Improved livability of coastal towns

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Climate and disaster resilience of coastal towns strengthened, including benefiting the poor and women

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Municipal infrastructure for resilience improved.

Resilient livelihoods enhanced

Institutional capacity, governance, and climate awareness strengthened.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement B
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services All consultants will be recruited according to ADB Procurement Policy and Regulation 2017. Strategic Procurement Planning is ongoing.
Procurement All procurement of goods and works shall be carried out in accordance with ADB Procurement Policy and Regulation, 2017. Strategic Procurement Planning is ongoing.
Responsible ADB Officer Sharma, Laxmi
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Local Government Engineering Department
Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development, and Co-operatives
Timetable
Concept Clearance 16 Aug 2021
Fact Finding 17 Jan 2022 to 03 Feb 2022
MRM 21 Jun 2022
Approval 26 Oct 2022
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 26 Oct 2022

Grant 0858-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Oct 2022 - - 31 Dec 2029 - -
Financing Plan Grant Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 4.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 4.00 18 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%

Loan 4237-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Oct 2022 - - 31 Dec 2029 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 210.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 150.00 18 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 60.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%

Loan 4238-BAN

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
26 Oct 2022 - - 31 Dec 2029 - -
Financing Plan Loan Utilization
Total (Amount in US$ million) Date ADB Others Net Percentage
Project Cost 96.00 Cumulative Contract Awards
ADB 96.00 18 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%
Counterpart 0.00 Cumulative Disbursements
Cofinancing 0.00 18 Nov 2022 0.00 0.00 0%

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Integrated Waste Management for Bagerhat Pourashava Draft Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Jun 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Integrated Waste Management for Bagerhat Pourashava Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Draft Resettlement Framework Resettlement Frameworks Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Construction of Multipurpose Cyclone Shelter Under Jhalokathi Pourashava Draft Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Construction/Improvement of Roads and Roadside Drains in Jhalokathi Pourashava Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Construction/Improvement of Roads and Roadside Drain in Kuakata Pourashava Draft Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Construction/Improvement of Drains in Bagerhat Pourashava Draft Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Project Proposed Loans and Grant Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Environmental Assessment and Review Framework Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Construction/Improvement of Roads and Roadside Drains in Jhalokathi Pourashava Draft Initial Environmental Examination Initial Environmental Examination Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Kuakata Town Roads Subproject Draft Resettlement and Small Ethnic Communities Plan Combined Resettlement Plan and Indigenous Peoples Plans Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Construction of Multipurpose Cyclone Shelter Under Jhalokathi Pourashava Draft Land Acquisition and Resettlement Due Diligence Report Safeguards Due Diligence Reports Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Construction and Improvement of Reinforced Cement Concrete Drains in Bagerhat Pourashava Draft Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Apr 2022
Coastal Towns Climate Resilience Sector Project: Draft Small Ethnic Communities Planning Framework Indigenous Peoples Planning Frameworks/Indigenous Peoples Development Frameworks Apr 2022

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Project Management and Supervision Consultant (PMSC) Firm - Consulting Closed 01 Aug 2022 31 Aug 2022
Institutional Capacity and Community Development Consultants (ICCDC) Firm - Consulting Closed 01 Aug 2022 31 Aug 2022
Detailed Design Consultants (DDC) Firm - Consulting Closed 01 Aug 2022 31 Aug 2022

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found


Procurement Plan