Tajikistan: Enhancing Climate Resilience in the Pyanj River Basin

Sovereign Project | 55217-001

The transaction technical assistance (TA) facility will provide project preparation support, capacity building and policy advise to a series of ensuing projects in the agriculture, natural resources and rural development (ANR) sector in Tajikistan aligned with ADB's Strategy 2030. Ensuing projects comprise of the Project Readiness Financing (PRF) to support climate-adaptive investments in the ANR sector, the Rural Productivity Enhancement Sector Project, and the Climate Change Adaptation Project, listed in the latest Country Operations Business Plan for Tajikistan.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Leitner, Matthias
    Central and West Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Approval Date
    12 November 2021
  • Country
    Tajikistan
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Enhancing Climate Resilience in the Pyanj River Basin
Project Number 55217-001
Country Tajikistan
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6824-TAJ: Enhancing Climate-Resilience in the Pyanj River Basin in Tajikistan
Climate Change Fund US$ 300,000.00
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.00 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agricultural production - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Effective gender mainstreaming
Description The transaction technical assistance (TA) facility will provide project preparation support, capacity building and policy advise to a series of ensuing projects in the agriculture, natural resources and rural development (ANR) sector in Tajikistan aligned with ADB's Strategy 2030. Ensuing projects comprise of the Project Readiness Financing (PRF) to support climate-adaptive investments in the ANR sector, the Rural Productivity Enhancement Sector Project, and the Climate Change Adaptation Project, listed in the latest Country Operations Business Plan for Tajikistan.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Strong, but volatile sector growth. Since 2010, the agriculture sector experienced volatile but strong average growth rates of about 6% each year. The sector continues to play an important role in the county's overall economy as it accounts for more than half of the country's total employment, and contributes around 22% to the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019. Around 73% (over 5 million) of the Tajik population live in rural areas where small-scale household farming is the major source of income. Cotton and wheat are the primary crops that are planted on nearly three quarters of the entire cultivated area.

Persistent rural poverty. The proportion of population living below the national poverty line decreased from around 34% in 2013 to 26% in 2019, with a wide urban-rural divide. While urban poverty declined from 22% to 18%, rural poverty remained at very high levels of 30% between 2018 and 2019. There are also considerable regional differences. The urban center of Dushanbe and the Sughd Region experienced a poverty rate of 19% and 15% in 2019, respectively, while the Khatlon Region and the Districts of Republican Subordination experienced rates of around 30%. Average national-wide progress is also under serious threat due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic as poverty reduction rates are expected to decelerate, disappropriately affecting rural communities.

Remaining food security and nutrition challenges. The country is highly vulnerable to food insecurity and malnutrition. Already before COVID-19, the prevalence of moderate to severe food insecurity stood at around 30% in 2019, almost double the 16% average for Central Asia. At the peak of the pandemic in 2020, around two in five people reported a reduction in their food consumption, far above the rates of prior years. On average, households spend more than half of their income on food, making them highly susceptible to any food price changes. In addition, the country's landlocked location, long winters, high exposure to climate change impacts, natural shocks and seasonality in food production further limit its access (nutritious) food.

Feminization of agriculture. Tajikistan ranks 123rd out of 148 countries on the global gender gap index, scoring low on women's economic participation and political empowerment. The high level of male outmigration has led to a substantial increase in women's responsibilities in agriculture. The proportion of women in the agricultural labor force has increased from 54% in 1999 to more than 60% in 2019. Yet, women do not have equal access to knowledge and inputs for improved agricultural productivity.

Impact
Project Outcome
Description of Outcome
Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs
Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Pyandzh Amu Darya
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services For project preparatory assignments, firms will be empaneled through framework agreements. The empanelment process will follow the quality- and cost-based selection method (QCBS) with 90:10 ratio with a full technical proposal. The QCBS package will be procured in two steps. First, up to six consulting firms will be selected as prequalified consultants that are eligible to submit proposals for preparation of all the ensuing projects under the TA facility. Second, one of these prequalified consultants will be selected through the QCBS method to prepare a specific ensuing project once the project concept is approved.
Procurement Procurement of office equipment, if any, will be through the consultants' contract.
Responsible ADB Officer Leitner, Matthias
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
Timetable
Concept Clearance -
Fact Finding -
MRM -
Approval 12 Nov 2021
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 15 Nov 2021

TA 6824-TAJ

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
12 Nov 2021 - - 31 Dec 2024 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,300,000.00 01 Dec 2021 0.00

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Tenders

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Contracts Awarded

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Procurement Plan

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