Cambodia : Rural Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene Improvement Sector Development Program

Sovereign Project | 55220-001

The program will be aligned with the following impact: ensure availability and sustainability management of water and sanitation for all (Cambodia Sustainable Development Goal 6). The outcome will be improved access to safely managed and affordable drinking water, sanitation services and hygiene facilities for rural areas in nine project provinces. A sector development program, consisting of an investment loan (project component) and a policy-based loan (program component) is the most appropriate modality, given the critical policy actions required to further strengthen the ongoing sector reforms, and to compliment the government's commitment to expanding RWSS access and services to ensure that rural water supply, sanitation and hygiene development targets are met. The proposed reforms will include actions to cope with potential future development and growth, while leveraging difficult and critical water sector reforms, improve interministerial and/or interinstitutional coordination in the WASH sector.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Hasanah, Siti
    Sectors Group
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Cambodia
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Rural Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene Improvement Sector Development Program
Project Number 55220-001
Country / Economy Cambodia
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Rural Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene Services Improvement Project
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 50.00 million
Loan: Rural Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene Improvement Sector Development Program
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 40.00 million
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Rural sanitation - Rural water policy, institutional and capacity development - Rural water supply services

Gender Effective gender mainstreaming
Description

The program will be aligned with the following impact: ensure availability and sustainability management of water and sanitation for all (Cambodia Sustainable Development Goal 6). The outcome will be improved access to safely managed and affordable drinking water, sanitation services and hygiene facilities for rural areas in nine project provinces. A sector development program, consisting of an investment loan (project component) and a policy-based loan (program component) is the most appropriate modality, given the critical policy actions required to further strengthen the ongoing sector reforms, and to compliment the government's commitment to expanding RWSS access and services to ensure that rural water supply, sanitation and hygiene development targets are met. The proposed reforms will include actions to cope with potential future development and growth, while leveraging difficult and critical water sector reforms, improve interministerial and/or interinstitutional coordination in the WASH sector.

The project component will expand RWSS access in at least 18 districts in 9 provinces, benefiting about 580,000 people. The project is expected to use a sector lending approach. RGC proposed that the following provinces are to be covered under the project component: (i) Banteay Meanchey, (ii) Battambang, (iii) Kampong Speu, (iv) Kampot, (v) Kratie, (vi) Otdar Meanchey, (vii) Pailin, (viii) Preah Vihear and (ix) Stung Treng. The program will be formulated to cover policy reforms to address among others: (i) inequalities to rural WASH services, (ii) inadequate operation and maintenance and the absence of tariff setting guidance, (iii) limited capacities of subnational administration to plan and deliver WASH services, and (iv) unclear mandate and limited interministerial/interinstitutional coordination and collaboration.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Cambodia has made significant progress in broadening access to improved water supply, sanitation and hygiene services. Nationally, access to improved water supply increased from 77% in 2015 to 85% in 2020, access to improved sanitation increased from 60% to 77%, while access to basic hygiene services increase from 67% to 74%, in the same period. In rural areas, access to improved water supply increased from 72% to 81%, while access to improved sanitation increased from 52% to 69% and access to basic hygiene services also increase from 62% in 2015 to 71% in 2020. In 2020, Cambodia's population was estimated at 16.7 million and is expected to reach 18.8 million in 2030. The proportion of the population living in rural areas decreases from 79.3% in 2011 to 75.8% in 2020, and is expected to continue to decrease, in line with the country's economic growth and urbanization. However, by 2030, the majority of Cambodia's population is projected to still live in rural areas.

Despite the significant achievements, there are vast discrepancies between rural and urban areas, with Cambodia's rural areas continue to lag urban areas and the national average. In 2020, access to safely managed water supply facilities stood at 28% nationally, and 57% in urban areas, while in rural areas, the access was only 18%. Access to piped water in rural areas was 17%, with 80% in urban areas and 32% nationally. Most of rural residents use septic tanks and latrines (64%) and about 6% are served with sewer connection (compared with 48% in urban areas and 17% nationally).

Impact

Impact the Program is Aligned with:

Availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all ensured

Outcome

Access to safely managed, resilient, and affordable drinking water, sanitation services, and hygiene facilities in rural areas of project provinces improved.

Outputs

Resilient, inclusive and safely managed rural water supply services improved and expanded

Resilient, inclusive and safely managed rural sanitation services and hygiene practices improved and expanded.

Institutional capacity and regulatory framework strengthened for sustainability and climate resilience.

Geographical Location Nation-wide, Banteay Meanchey, Battambang, Kampong Speu, Kampot Province, Kratie, Pailin, Preah Vihear Province, Siem Reap, Stung Treng
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Hasanah, Siti
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Water and Urban Development Sector Office (SG-WUD)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Rural Development
Timetable
Concept Clearance 22 Sep 2022
Fact Finding 16 Oct 2023 to 27 Oct 2023
MRM 19 Jan 2024
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 14 Apr 2023

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Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
National Financial Management Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
Project Implementation Consultant Firm - Consulting Closed
55220-CAM: Rural Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene Improvement Sector Development Program Advance Notice Active

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.