India: Supporting Institutional Knowledge Development and Capacity Building for Planning of Innovative and Sustainable Projects and Programs

Sovereign Project | 55311-001

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA)_for Supporting Institutional Knowledge Development and Capacity Building for Planning of Innovative and Sustainable Projects and Programs responds to India's need for knowledge solutions by helping deepen institutional insight and capacity in related partner agencies, including central ministries and state government departments. The TA aims to enhance upstream knowledge support for strategic studies of developmental agendas, and the conceptualization and planning of innovative and sustainable initiatives, projects, and programs in a fiscally prudent manner that also incorporates climate and disaster-resilient elements.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Sorti, Mihir
    South Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    India
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name Supporting Institutional Knowledge Development and Capacity Building for Planning of Innovative and Sustainable Projects and Programs
Project Number 55311-001
Country / Economy India
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6910-IND: Supporting Institutional Knowledge Development and Capacity Building for Planning of Innovative and Sustainable Projects and Programs
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.84 million
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Private sector development
Sector / Subsector

Energy / Energy utility services

Finance / Finance sector development

Health / Health system development

Transport / Transport policies and institutional development

Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban policy, institutional and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA)_for Supporting Institutional Knowledge Development and Capacity Building for Planning of Innovative and Sustainable Projects and Programs responds to India's need for knowledge solutions by helping deepen institutional insight and capacity in related partner agencies, including central ministries and state government departments. The TA aims to enhance upstream knowledge support for strategic studies of developmental agendas, and the conceptualization and planning of innovative and sustainable initiatives, projects, and programs in a fiscally prudent manner that also incorporates climate and disaster-resilient elements.

The TA intends to provide knowledge services to meet the operational and thematic priorities of the country partnership strategy, 20182022 of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and India._In line with the emphasis of ADB's Strategy 2030 on strengthening ADB's role as provider of operationally relevant knowledge products,_the TA will enable ADB to proactively engage with India in the search for holistic solutions to the country's increasingly complex development challenges. It will do so by providing quality policy and strategic advice while helping strengthen India's institutional knowledge and capacity for managing those issues across multiple sectors.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

India had witnessed a robust economic performance before the outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), averaging annual growth of about 7% during 2004-2018._Despite being set back by the COVID-19 pandemic, the country is expected to pursue a fast, green, sustainable, and inclusive economic recovery, and return to its path of rapid structural transformation. However, it needs to overcome several long-term and new development challenges:

Inadequate formal job creation. India had hoped to capitalize on its demographic dividend in that a high share of young people in the overall workforce would lead to more economic growth. But even before COVID-19, unemployment was high. India needs to create jobs in manufacturing, especially in formal manufacturing where jobs are relatively better paid._A competitive environment with quality infrastructure is vital in developing high value-added services and manufacturing that link to global value chains and absorb labor.

Large infrastructure deficit. India's infrastructure deficit is one of its most critical constraints to making growth more inclusive despite its already significant_investments in infrastructure. ADB estimated that the country would need to spend another $230 billion per year._Infrastructure plays a crucial role in supporting supply chains and digital transformation. As demand for it grows and becomes more complex, India's capacities and resources to strategically plan, design, implement, and sustain infrastructure will require substantial augmentation, including mobilization of private capital and innovative financing instruments.

Insufficient private sector participation. The pandemic has strained the fiscal capacity of the central and state governments. This increases the need for the private sector to step in and play its part in narrowing the huge infrastructure deficit. Well-structured public private partnerships (PPPs) could deliver infrastructure projects in a fast and efficient manner in India,_but the decreasing trend in PPP projects is a great concern.

Rapid urbanization. The share of India's urban population in its total population has doubled from 18% in 1960 to 35% in 2020. The speed and scale of urbanization put considerable pressure on the delivery of basic services and infrastructure, including affordable housing, water supply, sanitation, health, and transport, all of which affect livability. Environmental degradation caused by unbridled urbanization seriously undermines air and water quality, which in turn challenges the provision of public goods and governance in terms of integrated and simultaneous management of industrialization and urbanization while ensuring efficient economic agglomeration.

Threat to climate resilience. Environmental challenges such as declining air quality and falling groundwater levels, as well as the difficulties of sustainably managing natural resources are compounded by the increasing impact of climate change. An ADB study predicts that this impact may lead to a loss of 1.8% of India's annual gross domestic product by 2050. The temperature in the country is projected to increase progressively,_resulting in more extreme weather events. Apart from climate change mitigation efforts, India needs more risk-informed and effective development planning that integrates climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction, especially in cyclone-prone coastal areas, flood- and drought-prone river basins, hilly areas, and vast drylands.

Human capital constraints. India's growth trajectory is critically linked to investments in education, skills development, health care, and social protection, since these translate into higher productivity and competitiveness. While the country has made good progress in making basic education and health services broadly available, their quality needs to be further improved. The COVID-19 pandemic and the migrant labor crisis highlighted the disparity in human capital development.

Development gaps. The variation in per capita incomes and social development indicators among India's regions remains large and persistent. Aside from equity concerns, geographic disparities may be counterproductive for economic efficiency because the lack of opportunities for some people will leave their potential untapped and constrain overall growth. This calls for strategic investments and capacity building to better manage the issues faced by lower-income states, while investing in transformative projects in higher-income states which could then be replicated in lagging areas.

Improved capacity. Many government institutions, particularly at lower levels, have inadequate capacity, which limits their ability to formulate policy and to conceptualize and implement projects and programs. These governance and capacity issues reduce the development impact of investments and must be resolved.

Need for knowledge solutions. While the Government of India sustained its efforts to improve the situation, the development challenges are becoming increasingly complex, calling for upstream knowledge work to tackle these intertwined issues in a holistic manner. Country-focused, relevant, demand-driven, and timely knowledge solutions are critical to the removal of these development constraints. The success of ADB's assistance hinges on knowledge support e.g., policy analysis, concept development, project implementation, capacity building, and lessons from other countries_experiences that is formulated with and provided by local stakeholders, civil society, think tanks, and other development partners.

ADB's upstream support to infrastructure and investment planning in India not least to the development of economic and industrial corridors, and an integrated logistics ecosystem, ultimately led to operationally relevant downstream projects and programs that tackle the challenge of ensuring inclusive and holistic growth. As India embarks on the journey to becoming a $5 trillion economy, it is critically important to scale up this support and help promote inclusive and integrated development across states and sectors, and innovative and sustainable projects and programs. Such early knowledge-based support will embed finance-plus elements at the project conceptualization stage.

Strategic approach to knowledge provision. Inclusive and integrated development support from ADB will require a strategic approach. To meet state-level challenges, for example, stronger engagement with state and local government agencies through upstream support is pivotal in shaping inclusive development across the region._Climate-proofing projects and programs require strong expertise in developing inbuilt and long-lasting climate adaptation and mitigation features. Inadequate knowledge and experience often lead to the adoption of designs and execution methods that may not be effective in meeting the growing threats posed by climate change and disasters, which in turn leads to financial and economic losses.

Equitable infrastructure growth driven by private sector investments is instrumental in pursuing sustainable economic growth. Upstream work to determine the best possible mix of public and private investment components in different sectors including untapped areas such as health, education, and waste management can significantly maximize the value for money for all stakeholders. As such, supporting knowledge work to inform the development of PPP frameworks for sectors and states, along with institutional capacity building, can effectively supplement the government's efforts to achieve a quick and sustainable economic recovery. Stronger institutional capacity is key to creating robust pipelines of novel PPP projects.

This TA will therefore support upstream knowledge solutions that underpin the formulation of projects with high development impact, as well as capacity-building activities that foster forward-looking, gender-inclusive, innovative, and operationally relevant projects. Apart from the knowledge work associated with a strategic engagement with states, the TA will also help deepen the knowledge and capacity to promote private sector investments and PPPs that can narrow India's infrastructure deficit across sectors and states.

Impact

Inclusive and integrated development supported.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Knowledge driven, innovative, sustainable and resilient projects and programs with increased private sector participation prepared.

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Upstream knowledge solutions for supporting inclusive and integrated development developed

Capacity on developing innovative, sustainable and disaster resilient projects and programs with increased private sector participation strengthened.

Knowledge sharing, and production and dissemination of knowledge products supported.

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

Consulting firm and Individual consultants will be recruited using quality-and cost-based selection with a 90:10 quality cost ratio, and a full-technical proposal. ADB will engage the consultants and carry out procurement following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated project administration instructions and/or staff instruction.

Procurement NA
Responsible ADB Officer Sorti, Mihir
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division India Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Department of Economic Affairs
Timetable
Concept Clearance 22 Nov 2021
Fact Finding 22 Dec 2021 to 22 Dec 2021
MRM -
Approval 22 Mar 2022
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 22 Mar 2022

TA 6910-IND

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
22 Mar 2022 25 Mar 2022 25 Mar 2022 31 Mar 2025 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,840,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,840,000.00 25 Nov 2022 56,539.96

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.


Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
National Consultant Firm for Urban Mobility Options Study for the Durg-Bhilai-Raipur-Naya Raipur (DBRNR) Corridor Firm - Consulting Closed 03 Nov 2022 27 Nov 2022
Energy Planning and Transition Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 25 Oct 2022 02 Nov 2022
Solar City Planning Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 25 Oct 2022 02 Nov 2022
Renewable Energy Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 22 Oct 2022 02 Nov 2022
Climate Change Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 02 Sep 2022 21 Sep 2022
Circular Economy Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 02 Sep 2022 08 Sep 2022
Biodiversity and Ecological restoration Individual - Consulting Closed 02 Sep 2022 28 Sep 2022
Individual Expert – Geotechnical Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 31 May 2022 06 Jun 2022
International Distribution Energy System Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 16 May 2022 27 May 2022
Individual Expert – Disaster Risk Management Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed 03 May 2022 13 May 2022
Infrastructure and Finance Expert Individual - Consulting Closed 26 Mar 2022 01 Apr 2022

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found


Procurement Plan

None currently available.