India : Imphal Ring Road Project
The proposed Imphal Ring Road Project will improve quality of life in Imphal by helping to decongest the city and promoting the use of e-vehicles. Access to markets, economic opportunities, as well as administrative, health and educational services will be enhanced. It will stimulate economic activities and directly create jobs. By improving road infrastructure and transport services focusing on safety elements and universal features for pedestrians and vulnerable users, the project benefits will be inclusive. Provision will be made for use of e-vehicles as last mile connectivity to support implementation of low carbon-emission pathways and the proposed project will align with the Paris Agreement requirements.
Rowan Marcus, Kirsty
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|Project Name||Imphal Ring Road Project|
|Country / Economy||India
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Loan
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Operational Priorities||OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP4: Making cities more livable
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
|Sector / Subsector||
Transport / Urban roads and traffic management
|Gender||Effective gender mainstreaming|
|Description||The proposed Imphal Ring Road Project will improve quality of life in Imphal by helping to decongest the city and promoting the use of e-vehicles. Access to markets, economic opportunities, as well as administrative, health and educational services will be enhanced. It will stimulate economic activities and directly create jobs. By improving road infrastructure and transport services focusing on safety elements and universal features for pedestrians and vulnerable users, the project benefits will be inclusive. Provision will be made for use of e-vehicles as last mile connectivity to support implementation of low carbon-emission pathways and the proposed project will align with the Paris Agreement requirements.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||Imphal, the capital of Manipur, is the most populous city in the landlocked northeastern state and is experiencing rapid population growth. Several national highways connecting to other major cities of the north-eastern states along with trans-Asian routes pass through the city. Thus, Imphal also forms a key node in the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) transport corridors. The proposed IRR project primarily serves as a strategic road connection providing an enhanced route for intra-state and regional traffic to (i) access the state's administrative, judicial, medical, and educational institutes surrounding the Imphal city center; and (ii) facilitate inter-state and regional connectivity.|
Vibrant, carbon-neutral, and economically, socially, and ecologically sustainable state of Manipur achieved.
Transport efficiency, urban mobility and sustainability in Imphal improved
Imphal Ring Road developed and maintained
Implementation of Manipur Electric Vehicle Policy supported
Capacity for planning, sustainability, gender equality and social inclusion strengthened
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Environmental Aspects||An initial environment examination (IEE) was prepared in accordance with ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Anticipated environmental impacts are typical of road projects and confined to the construction period, such as acquisition of forest land, removal of trees, generation of dust, noise, exhaust, and waste from construction and worker camps, occupational health, and safety issues. No significant irreversible environmental impacts are anticipated. Mitigating measures are included in the package specific environmental management plans, which were part of the bidding documents, covering noise, air and water quality, occupational and community health and safety impacts. The WD confirmed that road construction will not start without obtaining necessary permits and clearances. The WD conducted meaningful consultations with affected persons and other key stakeholders (e.g., forestry officials) while preparing the IEE. Concerns have been considered and will continue to be addressed during implementation through the grievance redress mechanism. Semiannual monitoring reports during construction will be disclosed on the ADB website and to affected communities. Annual monitoring will continue during operation until the project completion report is prepared.|
|Involuntary Resettlement||The project will require an estimated 94 hectares of land, of which 46 hectares are private land to be acquired following the provisions of India's Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013; Manipur's Direct Purchase Guidelines, 2016; and ADB's Safeguard Policy Statement (2009). Land acquisition and clearing the existing right-of-way from encroachment will potentially affect 669 titled and 171 non-titled households. About 95 households (191 persons) will require relocation from shelter and 467 households (2,764 persons) will lose greater than 10% of productive assets (i.e., land). The WD prepared one resettlement plan in line with national, state, and ADB requirements, including those pertaining to meaningful consultation and information disclosure, compensation at replacement cost, livelihood restoration, grievance redress, and semiannual internal and external monitoring. Focal persons in the PIU, social experts of the construction supervision consultant, a resettlement plan implementation support agency, and an external expert will implement and monitor involuntary resettlement safeguards. The state government will meet the cost of resettlement plan implementation and is experienced in implementing resettlement plans under an ongoing ADB loan.|
|Indigenous Peoples||The project impacts the Kabui/Rong Mei, who are considered a scheduled tribe under the Constitution of India. A 390-meter section of the proposed road passes through Tharon Village. WD and the Tharon Village Authority engaged in a process of good faith negotiation to address the community's aspirations in general and concerns specifically about the project. A similar negotiation was undertaken with Kabui/Rong Mei in Langthabal Village where 635-meter section of the ring road passes through. The negotiations concluded with two Memorandum of Understanding between the WD and the village authorities. WD prepared an indigenous peoples plan in line with national, state, and ADB requirements. The ADB participated in meaningful consultation with affected communities as part of due diligence to validate the results of good faith negotiation between WD and the affected villages.|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design||Poverty, disadvantage, and vulnerability may limit the extent of participation of specific groups in project design. Poverty and social assessment will incorporate measures to identify and involve these groups in the project design. CSO engagement will be explored in the design and conduct road safety, HIV/AIDS, and human trafficking awareness campaigns, GESI activities, and environmental management and resettlement plan implementation.|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||Public Works Department (PWD) will engage consulting firms to assist with construction supervision tasks for works contacts. Procurement of goods, works and consulting services will follow ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||The project procurement risk classification is expected to be substantial upon application of risk mitigation measures, considering PWD's experience in implementing similar road projects, including an ongoing ADB project. Contracts under the proposed project will use the engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) modality, for which documents are under preparation. The EPC mode with maintenance period is common in India.|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Rowan Marcus, Kirsty|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sectors Group|
|Responsible ADB Division||Transport Sector Office (SG-TRA)|
Public Works Department State of Manipur
|Concept Clearance||23 Mar 2023|
|Fact Finding||18 Dec 2023 to 20 Dec 2023|
|MRM||15 Feb 2024|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||30 Nov 2023|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.
In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Imphal Ring Road Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Initial Poverty and Social Analysis||Mar 2023|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.
|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|Project Management and Scheduling Expert||Individual - Consulting||Active|
|Non Government Organization for Implementation Support of Resettlement Plan and Indigenous People Plan||Firm - Consulting||Closed|
|55361-001-IND: Imphal Ring Road Project [No. 22/PD/PIU/IRR/PROC-CW/2022/03]||Invitation for Bids||Closed|
|55361-IND: Imphal Ring Road Project||Advance Notice||Active|
|Construction Supervision Consultant||Firm - Consulting||Closed|
None currently available.