China, People's Republic of: Accelerating Sustainable, Resilient, and Inclusive Agriculture and Rural Transformation with Digital Technologies in the PRC and Its Implications for Developing Asia

Sovereign Project | 56050-001

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will contribute to research identifying the major pathways and drivers for the use of digital technologies to facilitate rapid, inclusive, and green agricultural and rural transformation in the People's Republic of China (PRC), which could lead to recommendations, based on scientific evidence, regarding innovative institutions, policies, and investments. The TA will also (i) examine factors that enable and constrain the use of digital technologies to facilitate green and resilient agricultural and rural transformation; and (ii) propose appropriate models that could be scaled up and transferred to other areas and the regions in the PRC with the corresponding institutions and incentive mechanisms in the near future, in order to promote green, low-carbon agricultural and rural development and enhance climate change adaptation capacity in the PRC.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Yanoma, Yukitsugu
    East Asia Department
    Request for information
  • Approval Date
    16 November 2022
  • Country/Economy
    China, People's Republic of
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Accelerating Sustainable, Resilient, and Inclusive Agriculture and Rural Transformation with Digital Technologies in the PRC and Its Implications for Developing Asia
Project Number 56050-001
Country / Economy China, People's Republic of
Project Status Approved
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 6993-PRC: Accelerating Sustainable, Resilient and Inclusive Agriculture and Rural Transformation with Digital Technologies in the PRC and Its Implications to Developing Asia
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 300,000.00
Strategic Agendas Environmentally sustainable growth
Inclusive economic growth
Drivers of Change Gender Equity and Mainstreaming
Governance and capacity development
Knowledge solutions
Partnerships
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agriculture research and application

Information and communication technology / ICT industries and ICT-enabled services - ICT strategy and policy, and capacity development

Gender Equity and Mainstreaming Some gender elements
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will contribute to research identifying the major pathways and drivers for the use of digital technologies to facilitate rapid, inclusive, and green agricultural and rural transformation in the People's Republic of China (PRC), which could lead to recommendations, based on scientific evidence, regarding innovative institutions, policies, and investments. The TA will also (i) examine factors that enable and constrain the use of digital technologies to facilitate green and resilient agricultural and rural transformation; and (ii) propose appropriate models that could be scaled up and transferred to other areas and the regions in the PRC with the corresponding institutions and incentive mechanisms in the near future, in order to promote green, low-carbon agricultural and rural development and enhance climate change adaptation capacity in the PRC. The TA will further enhance the capacity of the government, the private sector, farmers, and other stakeholders in developing member countries (DMC) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to recognize, adopt, and transform digital technologies to facilitate agricultural and rural transformation via ADB knowledge sharing and developing country cooperation platforms such as the ADB-PRC Regional Knowledge Sharing Initiative.

The TA will be implemented under ADB's country partnership strategy, 20212025 for the PRC;_and aligned with key operational priorities of Strategy 2030, especially in the area of promoting digital development and innovative technologies._The TA will also promote private sector solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation, including climate-smart agriculture, and tackling inequality of income and opportunity through policy actions to reduce interregional and ruralurban environmental, social, and economic disparities.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The Fourteenth Five-Year Plan (20212025)which prioritizes agriculture, rural development, and rural revitalizationwas endorsed by the PRC government in March 2021._The government of the PRC also issued various policy documents, including the outline of the Strategic Plan for Digital Rural Development, and the Development Plan for Digital Agriculture and Rural Areas (20192025), with the goal of contributing to its national priorities by promoting the application of digital technology in agriculture and rural areas through deep integration of digital technology, agriculture, and the rural economy._However, these initiatives do not identify the appropriate institutions, policies, and investments that could enable digital technologies to facilitate a more rapid, green, and inclusive and resilient agricultural and rural transformation. This has prompted the PRC government to seek major pathways and drivers to advance the policy and bring about the positive results it envisions.

Agriculture and rural development in the PRC face three major challenges: (i) income disparity between rural and urban areas, across regions and genders, and among farmers within the same region; (ii) rising feed and food imports and concerns with regard to national food security; and (iii) resource and environmental degradation.

Digital technology has the potential to address these challenges if appropriate institutions are established, policies implemented, and investments made. However, an effective model with appropriate institutional arrangements and incentives has yet to be explored. There is a lack of knowledge regarding pathways, major drivers, impacts, and major enabling and constraining factors with respect to the use of digital technologies to facilitate inclusive and green agricultural and rural transformation. Without a clear understanding of these issues, it is difficult to adopt innovative approaches to institutions, policies, and investments with the goal of reducing the risk of applying digital technology in agricultural and rural development for rapid, inclusive, and green agricultural and rural transformation.

Other ADB DMCs share similar constraints and challenges in incorporating digital technologies in the agriculture sector and in overall rural development. Although promising tools are widely available, DMCs have not identified the appropriate policy and institutional environment as well as the required investments to reduce the digital divide in less-developed rural areas, and to use digital technologies to support environmentally sustainable and climate-resilient agriculture and food supply chains.

Impact

Rapid, inclusive, and greener agricultural and rural transformation in the PRC and DMCs promoted (Outline of the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan (20212025) for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-Range Objectives Through the Year 2035)a

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Policies on rural revitalization and greener agriculture development of the PRC improved

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Baseline situation of the digital technology application in agriculture in the PRC and other advanced economies assessed

Policy advice and recommendations on digital technology application in the agriculture and rural transformation for the PRC finalized

Cross country knowledge and south-south cooperation for digital technology application in agriculture and rural transformation enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Yanoma, Yukitsugu
Responsible ADB Department East Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Environment, Natural Resources & Agriculture Division, EARD
Executing Agencies
Foreign Economic Cooperation Center of the International Cooperation Department in the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Timetable
Concept Clearance 12 Sep 2022
Fact Finding 15 Sep 2022 to 15 Sep 2022
MRM -
Approval 16 Nov 2022
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 17 Nov 2022

TA 6993-PRC

Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
300,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 300,000.00 - 0.00

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