Nepal : Climate Resilient Landscapes and Livelihoods Project

Sovereign Project | 56073-001

The project will be aligned with the following impact: socio-economic prosperity and resilience of society developed. It will strengthen communities capacities to improve climate resilience by applying nature-based solutions for water security and livelihoods diversification. This will be achieved by adopting a spatial cluster approach and targeting the most vulnerable watersheds and municipalities.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Pokhrel, Sumit
    Sectors Group
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Nepal
  • Sector
    • Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
Project Name Climate Resilient Landscapes and Livelihoods Project
Project Number 56073-001
Country / Economy Nepal
Project Status Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Grant
Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Grant: Climate-Resilient Landscape and Livelihoods Program
Asian Development Fund US$ 20.00 million
Loan: Climate-Resilient Landscape and Livelihoods Program
Concessional ordinary capital resources lending US$ 10.00 million
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector

Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Land-based natural resources management - Water-based natural resources management

Gender Gender equity theme
Description The project will be aligned with the following impact: socio-economic prosperity and resilience of society developed. It will strengthen communities capacities to improve climate resilience by applying nature-based solutions for water security and livelihoods diversification. This will be achieved by adopting a spatial cluster approach and targeting the most vulnerable watersheds and municipalities.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

1.For the period of 2000-2018, Nepal ranked tenth in the list of most-affected countries in the world in terms of climate-related extreme weather events. The frequency and severity of climatic disasters are increasing due to melting of glaciers and changing monsoon and seasonal precipitation patterns. These are impacting overall human development and well-being. Nepals economy is forecasted to contract by 7% by 2050 due to climate change.

2.Climate models show that Nepal's western provinces, which are prone to multiple climate-induced water hazards, such as drought, flood, and landslide, are likely to become a future climate hotspot. These provinces are expected to receive more precipitation but with a change in seasonal distribution summarized as wet-get-wetter and dry-get-drier. This will result in increased water insecurity. Communities are already water-deficient due to the drying of perennial springs in the dry season, causing a higher burden of water collection, particularly for women. Upward shifts in agroecological zones from the warming of higher altitude regions threatens traditional farming systems. Additionally, catchments are degrading due to unsustainable land-use practices, forest degradation, forest fire, and soil erosion. The project areas remoteness, high poverty rates, and a high proportion of women-headed households, due to the outmigration of men, further contribute to higher vulnerability. The western provinces capacity to cope with water-induced hazards is hindered by: (i) poor water management infrastructure and techniques; (ii) limited entrepreneurial capacity and lack of investment in value addition of natural resources, and (iii) lack of enabling policies, institutional capacity, and skilled human resources to manage climate-resilient development interventions.

3.Effective climate adaptation requires provisioning water management infrastructure and maintaining the watersheds ecosystem integrity, which has the critical functions of water storage, release, infiltration, and drainage control. Inclusive livelihood diversification is critical to enhancing the communities coping strategy. Promoting nature-based livelihood activities through forest-based enterprises and eco-tourism will support income diversification from subsistence farming and reduce economic shocks caused by climate hazards.

Impact

Climate risk on people and ecosystems reduced.

Outcome

Climate resilience and water security of communities in Karnali and Sudurpashchim provinces strengthened.

Outputs

Catchment management and disaster risk management infrastructure and practices developed.

Nature-based livelihoods enhanced.

Capacities on climate change adaptation strengthened.

Geographical Location Karnali Pradesh, Sudurpashchim Pradesh
Safeguard Categories
Environment B
Involuntary Resettlement C
Indigenous Peoples C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Pokhrel, Sumit
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Agriculture, Food, Nature, and Rural Development Sector Office (SG-AFNR)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Forests and Environment
Timetable
Concept Clearance 03 Apr 2023
Fact Finding 11 Mar 2024 to 20 Mar 2024
MRM -
Approval -
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 10 Apr 2023

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Title Document Type Document Date
Climate Resilient Landscapes and Livelihoods Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Dec 2022

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.