Uzbekistan : Bash Wind Power Project

Nonsovereign Project | 56085-001

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Mosnier, Zsuzsanna
    Private Sector Operations Department
    Request for information
  • Approval Date
    3 March 2023
  • Country/Economy
    Uzbekistan
  • Modality
  • Sector
    • Energy
Project Name
Bash Wind Power Project
Project Number
56085-001
Borrower / Company
  • ACWA Power Bash Wind Foreign Enterprise Limited Liability Company
Country / Economy
  • Uzbekistan
Location
Type or Modality of Assistance
Approval Number Facility Fund Source Amount Status
4293 Loan Ordinary capital resources USD 50.00 million Approved
8438 Loan Leading Asia's Private Infrastructure Fund (LEAP) USD 50.00 million Approved
Operational Priorities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
Sector / Subsector
  • Energy / Renewable energy generation - wind

Gender
Effective gender mainstreaming
Project Sponsor(s)
  • International Company for Water and Power Projects
Description
Objectives and Scope
The project involves the design, construction, maintenance, and operation of a 500 MW grid-connected wind power project (including a 162.5-kilometer overhead transmission line) in a remote area of Bukhara region in Uzbekistan. The project is one of the first utility-scale renewable energy projects in Uzbekistan. The Project will help unlock Uzbekistan's significant untapped wind resource potential and provide sustainable electricity for the country's economic development.
Status of Operation/Construction
Project construction is ongoing.
Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The project is aligned with the government's policy direction as well as ADB's country partnership strategy for Uzbekistan, 20192023, which has a key objective of supporting the country's transition toward a vibrant and inclusive market economy and the transformation of the state's role. Meaningful decarbonization and expansion of renewables in the energy mix is the centerpiece of the government's commitment under the Paris Agreement. The project is consistent with the strategic direction and operational priorities of ADB's Strategy 2030 by tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, enhancing environmental sustainability, and accelerating progress in gender equality.

The project is consistent with ADB's Energy Policy, which emphasizes promoting renewable energy, maximizing access to energy for all, and private sector participation to enhance energy sector efficiency.

Safeguard Categories

Environment
A
Involuntary Resettlement
B
Indigenous Peoples
C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
The project is categorized as A for environment in accordance with ADB Safeguard Policy Statement. The project site is located 0.5 km east of Ayakagitma lake, a known Important Bird Area and Key Biodiversity Area in the Gijduvandistrict of Bukhara region. The borrower engaged an independent consultant to prepare a detailed environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA). The potential environmental and social impacts of the project were identified, and effective measures to avoid, minimize, mitigate, and compensate for the adverse impacts were incorporated in the project-specific environmental and social management plan (ESMP) for construction. A site-specific operations ESMP will also be developed to outline the mitigation and monitoring measures for the anticipated operations phase impact. The project developed a Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) and Biodiversity Monitoring and Evaluation Plan (BMEP) to detail the mitigation and monitoring strategy to achieve no net loss and net gain objectives. A comprehensive set of supplementary ecological management plans was prepared for the project to avoid, minimize, mitigate, and compensate for potential adverse impacts to species of conservation concern.
Involuntary Resettlement
The project is categorized as B for involuntary resettlement in accordance with ADB Safeguard Policy Statement. The wind farm is located on land fully owned by the government and made available by the government to the borrower through a land lease agreement (LLA) for the duration of the term of the PPA. The wind farm affected about 149.93 ha, of which 140.9 ha entailed permanent land take while 9.03 ha would be affected temporarily. The development of the wind farm resulted in the removal of assets of the Kokcha Limited Liability Company, resettlement of three herders who had accommodation structures, and limited grazing activities and removal of assets of herders. Most of the 162.5 km OHTL will pass through uncultivated dessert and pastureland except toward Karakul substation where the OHTL will cross some agricultural and commercial land plots. The construction of the OHTL affected seven farmers through loss of agricultural lands, six owners of commercial plots (five of which losing more than 50% of their plots), and two herders who used the site for livestock grazing. A Resettlement Plan providing for compensation and livelihood restoration was developed in accordance with national legislation and ADB's SPS. Bash had paid compensation for loss of land and assets to a total of 48 project affected peoples (PAPs), of which 33 were affected by the wind farm development and 15 were impacted by the OHTL construction.
Indigenous Peoples
The project is categorized as C for indigenous peoples in accordance with ADB Safeguard Policy Statement. The ESIA confirms no presence of distinct and vulnerable ethnic groups or indigenous peoples in the project area.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
As part of the ESIA and RP processes, multiple engagements and public consultations were conducted by the borrower and its third-party consultants with affected peoples and relevant stakeholders about the project's social, health and safety, and environmental impacts and benefits. A Stakeholder Engagement Plan with a grievance redress mechanism was also prepared setting out the key steps that the borrower will need to undertake as part of the stakeholder engagement throughout the various stages of the project implementation. Concerns of women and vulnerable people specifically were sought and considered.

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Mosnier, Zsuzsanna
Responsible ADB Division
Infrastructure Finance Division 1
Responsible ADB Department
Private Sector Operations Department

Timetable for assistance design, processing, and implementation

Concept Clearance
22 Jun 2022
Credit Committee Meeting
-
Approval
03 Mar 2023
PDS Creation Date
23 Aug 2022
Last PDS Update
19 Apr 2024

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Bash Wind Power Project: Gender Action Plan Gender Action Plans Feb 2023
Bash Wind Power Project: Report and Recommendation of the President Reports and Recommendations of the President Feb 2023
Bash Wind Power Project: Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Initial Poverty and Social Analysis Aug 2022

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

Title Document Type Document Date
Bash Wind Power Project: Final Environment and Social Impact Assessment Environment and Social Impact Assessments Feb 2023
Bash Wind Power Project: Resettlement Plan Resettlement Plans Aug 2022
Bash Wind Project: Draft Environment and Social Impact Assessment Environment and Social Impact Assessments Mar 2022

Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.