Mongolia : Strengthening Food Security Post-COVID-19 and Global Food and Fertilizer Price Crises
The knowledge and support technical assistance will strengthen food security post- COVID-19 and global food and fertilizer price crises in Mongolia. Ensuing resilient recovery from COVID-19 is a priority agenda for both the government of Mongolia and ADB. The TA will support the implementation of National Movement on Food Security and Food Safety launched in 2022.
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- Agriculture, natural resources and rural development
|Project Name||Strengthening Food Security Post-COVID-19 and Global Food and Fertilizer Price Crises|
|Country / Economy||Mongolia
|Project Type / Modality of Assistance||Technical Assistance
|Source of Funding / Amount||
|Operational Priorities||OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP5: Promoting rural development and food security
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
|Sector / Subsector||
Agriculture, natural resources and rural development / Agricultural policy, institutional and capacity development - Agricultural production - Agro-industry, marketing, and trade
Industry and trade / Small and medium enterprise development
|Gender||No gender elements|
|Description||The knowledge and support technical assistance will strengthen food security post- COVID-19 and global food and fertilizer price crises in Mongolia. Ensuing resilient recovery from COVID-19 is a priority agenda for both the government of Mongolia and ADB. The TA will support the implementation of National Movement on Food Security and Food Safety launched in 2022.|
|Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy||
Mongolian consumers are experiencing rising food prices and a limited availability of range of fresh foods and processed products. Food price inflation increased to 18% in March 2022 from and 8.1% in March 2021. High fuel price, on-going conflicts between Russian Federation and Ukraine, and limited crossing of trucks at the PRC border continue to threaten Mongolia's food security. Even before the pandemic, nearly 40% of population could not afford healthy diet. Reduced access to healthy and nutritious diet can exacerbate the double burden of malnutrition of increasing obesity and persistent undernutrition. The COVID-19 pandemic and the world food and fertilizer price crisis revealed the vulnerabilities of Mongolia's food supply chains. Building a resilient food supply chains is a priority for Mongolia to strengthen Mongolia's food security. Considering a high priority on food security and food safety, the Government of Mongolia announced the national movement on food security and food safety to scale up government actions to strengthen resilience to food insecurity risks, following the parliamentary resolution.
During the COVID-19 and global food and fertilizer price crisis, the rapid and coordinated response to evolving food security risks was hampered by the lack of integrated food security information system. Despite government investment in the database to track food price along food supply chains, and food import, distribution and storage, the insufficient coordination and information sharing between different ministries, and interoperability of IT systems constrained the government actions to ensure stable food supply across Mongolia.
Underdeveloped institution to develop modern and resilient food supply chains is another major constraint for Mongolia to ensure supply of quality and safe food to consumers. The dominance of informal marketing system in particular livestock chains is making difficult to quality-differentiated prices, proper animal traceability, health inspection and registration. The transition to an improved productivity and more quality-driven sector for export markets requires formal market institutions, where herders can obtain fair and transparent prices, and where food safety can be ensured. The lack of technical standards to produce safe food at production level and grading system is a major institutional constraint for the price discovery and commodity standardization in food supply chains. Another major bottleneck in Mongolia's food supply chains is a shortage of working capital for food processing and marketing actors. The credit facility for SMEs is much needed to provide enough cash for companies to build up inventories of raw materials and necessary inputs, including local retailers so they can afford to purchase food inventories that reflect rising product and transport costs. Having a warehouse receipts system could, to some extent, mitigate the shortage of working capital loans faced by processors, wholesalers, and retailers.
The disruption of food supply during the pandemic indicates the weak domestic logistics infrastructure remains a constraint for many local communities connecting to markets. The official State Reserves include wheat, flour, meat, milk and drinking water. However, limited local storage facilities made it difficult to stockpile products and has led to food losses and increased food prices. Increased storage capacity in partnership with private sector would mitigate logistical and transport issues when producers face a challenge to get their especially fresh products to market. The investment in modern collection capacity near producer nodes will be critically important. Moreover, disruption of food imports with the PRC and Russian Federation indicates that improvement of border procedures is necessary to facilitate movement and avoid long waiting periods of perishable food. A further development of digital processes could assist in overcoming delays at the borders and regulate who can enter with what into the country.
Mongolia's food security and food safety enhanced
|Description of Outcome||
Resilience strategy and management of food insecurity risks improved
|Progress Toward Outcome|
|Description of Project Outputs||
Integrated food security information and response system established
Institutional capacity to develop modern and resilient food supply chains strengthened
Draft comprehensive investment strategy to strengthen food supply chain logistics prepared
|Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)|
|Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects|
|Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation|
|During Project Design|
|During Project Implementation|
|Consulting Services||A consulting firm will be recruited using the quality- and cost-based selection method, using a quality-cost ratio of 90:10 according to the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time and Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).|
|Procurement||Procurement will follow the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and the Procurement Regulations for ADB Borrowers (2017, as amended from time to time).|
|Responsible ADB Officer||Kimura, Shingo|
|Responsible ADB Department||Sectors Group|
|Responsible ADB Division||Agriculture, Food, Nature, and Rural Development Sector Office (SG-AFNR)|
Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Light Industry (MOFALI)
|Concept Clearance||11 Oct 2022|
|Fact Finding||30 Nov 2022 to 30 Nov 2022|
|Approval||11 Apr 2023|
|Last Review Mission||-|
|Last PDS Update||13 Apr 2023|
|Approval||Signing Date||Effectivity Date||Closing|
|11 Apr 2023||09 May 2023||09 May 2023||31 Mar 2026||-||-|
|Financing Plan/TA Utilization||Cumulative Disbursements|
|0.00||2,000,000.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||0.00||2,000,000.00||21 Sep 2023||113,900.20|
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.
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|Title||Document Type||Document Date|
|Strengthening Food Security Post-COVID-19 and Global Food and Fertilizer Price Crises: Technical Assistance Report||Technical Assistance Reports||Apr 2023|
Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.
None currently available.
Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation
None currently available.
None currently available.
The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.
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|Tender Title||Type||Status||Posting Date||Deadline|
|International Food Security Information Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|International Food Security Policy Specialist||Individual - Consulting||Closed|
|Firm 2 for Institutional Capacity Development and Food Supply Chain Logistics||Firm - Consulting||Closed|
|Firm 1 for Integrated Food Security Information and Response System Development||Firm - Consulting||Closed|
|Contract Title||Approval Number||Contract Date||Contractor | Address||Executing Agency||Total Contract Amount (US$)||Contract Amount Financed by ADB (US$)|
|Capacity Development Technical Assistance||Technical Assistance 10099||09 May 2023||New Frontiers LLC (MONGOLIA) | Union of Mongolian Architects Building, Ste 303, Bulgaria Street - 27, 8th khoroo, Sukhbaatar district, Ulan Bator 15160 Mongolia||Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry||513,413.00||—|
|Capacity Development Technical Assistance||Technical Assistance 10099||16 May 2023||Monconsult Ltd. (MONGOLIA) | MONCONSULT BUILDING, PEACE AVENUE, Namyanju 4/1, Ulaanbaatar 13335 Mongolia||Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry||831,100.00||—|
None currently available.