Regional : Integrating Gender and Social Inclusion Dimensions in Climate Change Interventions in Southeast Asia

Sovereign Project | 56295-001

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will help Cambodia, Indonesia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), the Philippines, Thailand, Timor-Leste, and Viet Nam to integrate a gender and social inclusion dimension in national climate and green transformation policies, programs, and plans, including Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement, and to develop options for a gender and socially inclusive green recovery following the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Gender and socially inclusive green recovery envisages transformation towards a climate-resilient and nature-driven future with emphasis on gender and social inclusion to maximize outcomes for both people and the environment. The TA will build capacity of the relevant government agencies through policy dialogue, case studies, and knowledge products; and by strengthening coordination and knowledge sharing in the Southeast Asia region and beyond.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Mendizabal Joffre, Veronica
    Climate Change and Sustainable Development Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Regional
  • Sector
    • Energy
Project Name Integrating Gender and Social Inclusion Dimensions in Climate Change Interventions in Southeast Asia
Project Number 56295-001
Country / Economy Regional
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Philippines
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Viet Nam
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 10089-REG: Integrating Gender and Social Inclusion Dimensions in Climate Change Interventions in Southeast Asia
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.35 million
Operational Priorities OP1: Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
Sector / Subsector

Energy / Energy sector development and institutional reform

Industry and trade / Small and medium enterprise development

Gender Gender equity theme
Description

The knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will help Cambodia, Indonesia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), the Philippines, Thailand, Timor-Leste, and Viet Nam to integrate a gender and social inclusion dimension in national climate and green transformation policies, programs, and plans, including Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement, and to develop options for a gender and socially inclusive green recovery following the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Gender and socially inclusive green recovery envisages transformation towards a climate-resilient and nature-driven future with emphasis on gender and social inclusion to maximize outcomes for both people and the environment. The TA will build capacity of the relevant government agencies through policy dialogue, case studies, and knowledge products; and by strengthening coordination and knowledge sharing in the Southeast Asia region and beyond.

The TA is aligned with regional and national commitments to gender equality and sustainable development, including the ASEAN Gender Mainstreaming Strategic Framework 2021-2025, which calls for enhancing Member States' capacities for gender analyses to inform the design and implementation of policies, plans, and programs; the 2020 Enhanced Lima Work Programme on gender and its gender action plan under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Comprehensive Recovery Framework, which highlights the need for rapid digital and sustainability transformation in Southeast Asia. The TA is aligned with national gender equality policies of, and ADB's country partnership strategies for all participating developing member countries (DMCs), particularly with achieving inclusive and environmentally sustainable development, promoting women's economic empowerment, and advocating for women's participation in decision-making. The TA will support the following operational priorities (OP) of ADB's Strategy 2030: addressing poverty and reducing inequalities (OP 1), accelerating progress in gender equality (OP 2), tackling climate change (OP 3), strengthening governance and institutional capacity (OP 6), and fostering regional cooperation and integration (OP 7).

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The COVID-19 pandemic affected men, women, and vulnerable populations differently because of structural inequalities within societies. Women were particularly impacted, especially in their roles as health care workers, caregivers, and entrepreneurs. While countries in Southeast Asia had been making headway on gender equality, particularly on education and health, the pandemic has reverted such progress, and the 2022 Gender Gap Index indicates that it will take another 168 years to close gender gaps in the region. Persistent gender gaps are particularly acute in lower rates of female labor force participation, occupational segregation and wage gap, political representation, and lower rates of graduates in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields, and a gender digital divide.

Climate change and environmental degradation are likely to further exacerbate gender gaps and social inequalities. The vulnerability of marginalized populations will increase with impacts compounded by intersecting dimensions related to gender, ethnicity, age, class, and disability, among others. At the COP25 in 2020, Parties to the UNFCCC agreed to enhance knowledge of gender-responsive climate action and to mainstream gender in the implementation of the Paris Agreement through gender-responsive climate policies, plans, strategies, and action in NDCs, national adaptation plans (NAPs), national communications, and long-term low-emission development strategies; and to report progress at COP 29 in 2024. Furthermore, the focus on a just transition, which refers to a green transformation of the economy that is as fair and socially inclusive, and creates decent work and opportunities, is gaining momentum to promote social and economic benefits for all, particularly the most vulnerable people in society. Southeast Asian DMCs have started to consider gender equality and social inclusion aspects in climate and environmental policies, but the systematic development and implementation of climate and environmental policy frameworks that includes these dimensions is needed for real impact.

The lack of regional and country-level data and deeper understanding on the nexus between gender and social dimensions in climate and environmental action remain important challenges. Data is lacking for key sectors such as energy, transportation, urban infrastructure among others. We know for example, that globally, men are transitioning into green jobs faster than women, accounting for 66% of green job transitions between 2015 and 2021 (IFC, Exploring the Opportunities for Women-Owned Enterprises in Cambodia, 2019). Furthermore, in the renewable energy sector, women hold 32% of the jobs, mostly in administrative or clerical positions, and 25% of management positions (LinkedIn, Global Green Skills Report 2022). But specific data for Southeast Asia is lacking, limiting policy making. Therefore, there is a need for developing of country-specific and region-wide knowledge on these topics. Knowledge sharing opportunities, particularly in the context of ASEAN, and with governments, civil society, and the private sector, can also enhance policy dialogue and strengthen regional cooperation.

The green economy affords great potential for innovation and entrepreneurship. A green recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic in Southeast Asia has the potential to create $172 billion in investment opportunities annually and generate more than 30 million jobs by 2030. Women entrepreneurs in Southeast Asia can help delivery on this potential; in Cambodia alone, women own 62% of microenterprises and 26% of SMEs (ADB, Implementing a Green Recovery in Southeast Asia, 2022). However, women entrepreneurs continue to struggle with formalization, growth, productivity, profitability, financing, and digitalization; and are yet to adopt sustainability principles in their business models and operations. Furthermore, countries in Southeast Asia lack strategic frameworks to support MSMEs in their transformation toward greener and digital enterprises. Policy frameworks and capacity development opportunities are needed to enable women entrepreneurs access know-how, green finance, and to transition in line with the green economy requirements.

Impact

The TA is aligned with the following impacts: Increasing capacity, knowledge management, and sharing of experience for designing and implementing gender-responsive climate action for increased impact, and advancing towards a sustainable and resilient future.

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Capacity of Southeast Asian DMCs to integrate gender and social inclusion dimensions in climate interventions enhanced.

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Policy frameworks to integrate gender and social inclusion dimensions in climate change interventions enhanced.

Knowledge and regional cooperation for a gender and socially inclusive green transformation expanded

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Cambodia - Nation-wide; Indonesia - Nation-wide; Lao People's Democratic Republic - Nation-wide; Philippines - Nation-wide; Thailand - Nation-wide; Timor-Leste - Nation-wide; Viet Nam - Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Business Opportunities
Consulting Services

ADB will engage consultants following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated staff instructions. A firm will be selected to develop the framework, guidelines, and toolkits for integrating gender and social consideration in the Energy Transition Mechanism (ETM). International and national consultants and resource persons will be engaged for the development of strategies, action plans, and mechanisms to monitor and report on commitments under UNFCCC's enhanced Lima Work Programme and its gender action plan, for policy review and for the preparation of knowledge products.

1. Package title: Energy Transition Mechanism and Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (ETM GESI) Framework, toolkits, and regional study (Firm); SCQS selection; Engaged by ADB

2. Package title: International gender equality, social inclusion, climate change, and sustainable business expert (Individual); Individual selection; Engaged by ADB

3. Package title: International Graphic Facilitation Expert (Individual); Individual selection; Engaged by ADB

4. Package: International M&E Expert and Coordinator (Individual); Individual selection; Engaged by ADB

5. Package: National gender equality, social inclusion, and climate change expert (Individual); Individual selection; Engaged by ADB

6. International resource persons (Individual); Individual selection; Engaged by ADB

Procurement ADB will engage national vendors through direct contracting under multiple contracts as part of non-consulting services for undertaking of surveys, following the ADB Procurement Policy (2017, as amended from time to time) and its associated staff instructions.
Responsible ADB Officer Mendizabal Joffre, Veronica
Responsible ADB Department Climate Change and Sustainable Development Department
Responsible ADB Division Gender Equality Division (CCGE)
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
Timetable
Concept Clearance 01 Dec 2022
Fact Finding 10 Nov 2022 to 24 Nov 2022
MRM -
Approval 23 Dec 2022
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 05 Jan 2023

TA 10089-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
23 Dec 2022 - 23 Dec 2022 30 Jun 2025 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,350,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,350,000.00 20 Mar 2024 122,833.11

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

The Accountability Mechanism provides a forum where people adversely affected by ADB-assisted projects can voice and seek solutions to their problems and report alleged noncompliance of ADB's operational policies and procedures.

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
International Coordinator Individual - Consulting Closed
Graphic facilitation expert Individual - Consulting Closed
International Gender and Climate Change Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed
National Gender and Rural Development Expert II (Vietnam) Individual - Consulting Closed
National Team Leader- Gender and Rural Development Expert (Vietnam) Individual - Consulting Closed
International Gender Equality, Social Inclusion, and Climate Change Policy Expert Individual - Consulting Closed
Gender and Social Inclusion Expert II (Indonesia) Individual - Consulting Closed
Gender and Social Inclusion Expert I (Indonesia) Individual - Consulting Closed
International Gender TA Coordinator and M&E Specialist Individual - Consulting Closed

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.