Regional : Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindu Kush Himalayas-Bhutan and Nepal

Sovereign Project | 57059-001

The technical assistance (TA) will strengthen capacity in Bhutan and Nepal (i) to assess multi-hazard risks, including transboundary impacts; (ii) to better manage multi-hazard risk through enhanced risk assessment to support the design of national and project level investments; (iii) to research innovative finance strategies for climate resilient investments; and (iv) to build networks to share approaches, solutions, and related experience. The TA will be implemented in Bhutan and Nepal and will set the stage for knowledge solutions across the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region on climate resilient investment planning, development, and risk management with the scope for further TA under separate but linked TA projects.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Magee, Declan F.
    Climate Change and Sustainable Development Department
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    Regional
  • Sector
    • Finance
Project Name Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindu Kush Himalayas-Bhutan and Nepal
Project Number 57059-001
Country / Economy Regional
Bhutan
Nepal
Project Status Active
Project Type / Modality of Assistance Technical Assistance
Source of Funding / Amount
TA 10172-REG: Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindu Kush HimalayasBhutan and Nepal
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 1.70 million
Operational Priorities OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
OP7: Fostering regional cooperation and integration
Sector / Subsector

Finance / Insurance and contractual savings

Public sector management / Public expenditure and fiscal management

Gender Some gender elements
Description

The technical assistance (TA) will strengthen capacity in Bhutan and Nepal (i) to assess multi-hazard risks, including transboundary impacts; (ii) to better manage multi-hazard risk through enhanced risk assessment to support the design of national and project level investments; (iii) to research innovative finance strategies for climate resilient investments; and (iv) to build networks to share approaches, solutions, and related experience. The TA will be implemented in Bhutan and Nepal and will set the stage for knowledge solutions across the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region on climate resilient investment planning, development, and risk management with the scope for further TA under separate but linked TA projects.

The TA is closely aligned with government priorities in Bhutan and Nepal. It supports the delivery of Asian Development Bank (ADB) operational priorities 3, 6, and 7 under Strategy 2030 and contributes to the objectives of the ongoing country partnership strategies for Nepal, 20202024 and Bhutan, 20192023. The TA is included in ADB's Climate Change Action Plan and it builds on the work of ADB and other partners on climate change and disaster risk management.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The HKH region has the world's largest ice reserves outside of the polar regions. These reserves feed 10 major Asian river systems and support four global biodiversity hotspots, which sustain the livelihoods of 240 million people in the mountains and another 1.65 billion people downstream. The region is warming faster than the global averageeven if the world limits global warming to 1.5

C, the temperature in the HKH region will rise by 1.8

C2.2

C, causing the loss of at least one-third of its glacier volume. More recent reports show that glacier loss in Bhutan and Nepal could reach 75% by 2100 if global temperature rises reach 3

C. This will increase water stress, the frequency of hazards, and biodiversity loss.

From 19852014, economic losses resulting from disasters in the HKH region totaled $45 billion, much higher than those of any other mountain region. Since then, the increasing frequency and intensity of disaster events in the HKH have pushed up economic losses and the number of people killed or displaced by such events. Existing investments that depend on nature, such as hydropowercritically important in Bhutan and Nepalare susceptible to the losses caused by events such as floods, droughts, and glacier melting. These losses can have harmful impacts on services and development outcomes and can result in stranded assets. For example, in 2021, the headworks of the Melamchi Water Supply Project in Nepal were severely impacted by a climate-induced catastrophic debris flood, which damaged access roads, bridges, and public and private properties and disrupted the supply of clean drinking water to Kathmandu Valley. The presence of multiple interacting hazards, together with inadequate risk mitigation, calls for awareness raising, capacity development, and risk management solutions.

There is an urgent need to align financial flows with climate resilient investments to enhance climate and disaster risk management and enable a transition to a climate resilient and low carbon future. This requires high quality and dynamic assessments of climate and disaster risks that should include multiple hazards and consider transboundary impacts. It should integrate climate modeling so that the impact of global warming on multi-hazard risk can be better understood. Significant efforts have already been made to better understand the risks facing the HKH region, including by governments, the International Center for Integrated Mountain Development, and development partners. It is imperative that risk assessment informs policy, strategies, plans, and infrastructure project design.

ADB will help better understand these risks by enhancing the assessment of multi-hazard risk and using these assessments to develop approaches for early warning systems (EWSs) and climate investment services, including disaster risk financing and insurance. ADB will use its pipeline of projects to apply these approaches and use partnerships to spread knowledge solutions beyond ADB's pipeline. Partnerships will be important to develop knowledge solutions to better understand the impacts of climate change in mountainous countries, inform decision making, and save lives. This TA complements other ADB TA, including the Increasing Investments in Early Warning Systems to Strengthen Climate and Disaster Resilience project and the Identifying Climate Adaptation Investment Priorities project, and initiatives in Nepal such as the development of the Nepal Green and Resilience Financing Facility; the Melamchi Water Supply Project; the Green, Resilient, Inclusive Development Program; the Community Resilience Partnership Program Trust Fund; and Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Disaster Risk Financing project. In Bhutan, the TA complements the Enhancing Disaster Risk Understanding and Resilience project and the Fiscal Sustainability and Green Recovery Program.

Impact

Climate-resilient transition in ADB DMCs supported (Strategy 2030)

Project Outcome
Description of Outcome

Climate and disaster risk management systems in DMCs enhanced

Progress Toward Outcome
Implementation Progress
Description of Project Outputs

Climate and disaster risk assessment in DMCs enhanced

Comprehensive and multi-hazard regional early warning approach conducted

Climate risk management and finance services for climate resilient projects developed

Awareness raising and knowledge exchange on climate and disaster risk assessment in DMCs enhanced

Status of Implementation Progress (Outputs, Activities, and Issues)
Geographical Location Bhutan - Nation-wide; Nepal - Nation-wide
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples
Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation
During Project Design
During Project Implementation
Responsible ADB Officer Magee, Declan F.
Responsible ADB Department Climate Change and Sustainable Development Department
Responsible ADB Division Climate Change, Resilience, and Environment Cluster (CCRE)
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
Timetable
Concept Clearance 26 May 2023
Fact Finding 15 May 2023 to 31 Aug 2023
MRM -
Approval 31 Oct 2023
Last Review Mission -
Last PDS Update 09 Jun 2023

TA 10172-REG

Milestones
Approval Signing Date Effectivity Date Closing
Original Revised Actual
31 Oct 2023 - 31 Oct 2023 31 Dec 2026 - -
Financing Plan/TA Utilization Cumulative Disbursements
ADB Cofinancing Counterpart Total Date Amount
Gov Beneficiaries Project Sponsor Others
1,700,000.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1,700,000.00 09 Feb 2024 8,794.55

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

The Access to Information Policy (AIP) recognizes that transparency and accountability are essential to development effectiveness. It establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced.

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In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of, or reference to, a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

Title Document Type Document Date
Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindu Kush Himalayas-Bhutan and Nepal: Technical Assistance Report Technical Assistance Reports Oct 2023

Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

None currently available.


Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

None currently available.


Related Publications

None currently available.


The Access to Information Policy (AIP) establishes the disclosure requirements for documents and information ADB produces or requires to be produced in its operations to facilitate stakeholder participation in ADB's decision-making. For more information, refer to the Safeguard Policy Statement, Operations Manual F1, and Operations Manual L3.

Requests for information may also be directed to the InfoUnit.

Tenders

Tender Title Type Status Posting Date Deadline
Climate and Disaster Risk Management Consulting Firm Firm - Consulting Closed
Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindu Kush Himalayas―Bhutan and Nepal (TA Coordinator) Individual - Consulting Closed
Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindu Kush Himalayas―Bhutan and Nepal (TA Operations Analyst) Individual - Consulting Closed
57059-001 (REG): Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindu Kush Himalayas-Bhutan and Nepal - Supplier Briefing Other Notice Closed

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.