India : Jharkhand Urban Sewerage System Development Project

Sovereign Project | 57332-001

The proposed project aims to (i) improve the living environment in Dhanbad, and (ii) reduce pollution in the Damodar River by establishing climate-resilient sewer networks and on-site sanitation facilities in areas that are not conducive for pipe networks to provide improved sanitation services to 100% of the residents. It will also address capacity and institutional constraints for efficient and sustainable sewerage service delivery.

Project Details

  • Project Officer
    Tada, Momoko
    Sectors Group
    Request for information
  • Country/Economy
    India
  • Sector
    • Water and other urban infrastructure and services
Project Name
Jharkhand Urban Sewerage System Development Project
Project Number
57332-001
Country / Economy
  • India
Project Status
Proposed
Project Type / Modality of Assistance
  • Loan
Source of Funding / Amount
Loan: Jharkhand Urban Water Supply Improvement Project (Phase 2)
Source Amount
Ordinary capital resources US$ 159.00 million
Operational Priorities
  • OP2: Accelerating progress in gender equality
  • OP3: Tackling climate change, building climate and disaster resilience, and enhancing environmental sustainability
  • OP4: Making cities more livable
  • OP6: Strengthening governance and institutional capacity
Sector / Subsector
  • Water and other urban infrastructure and services / Urban sanitation - Urban sewerage

Gender
Effective gender mainstreaming
Description
The proposed project aims to (i) improve the living environment in Dhanbad, and (ii) reduce pollution in the Damodar River by establishing climate-resilient sewer networks and on-site sanitation facilities in areas that are not conducive for pipe networks to provide improved sanitation services to 100% of the residents. It will also address capacity and institutional constraints for efficient and sustainable sewerage service delivery.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The state of Jharkhand, located in the eastern part of India, is economically lagging behind other parts India. As of the fiscal year (FY) 2022, the state's per capita income was approximately 80% of the national average. Also, its multidimensional poverty index in 2021 was 28.8% compared to the Indian average of 15.0%, positioning Jharkhand as the second least developed state in the country. The provision of basic services is also lagging. In 2021, 43.4% of households in Jharkhand were deprived of sanitation services, significantly higher than the Indian average of 30.1%. The state's urban population, which was 8.7 million or 24.4% of the total state population in 2016, is projected to increase to 12.6 million or 27.9% of the state's total population by 2036. This anticipated growth in the urban population is expected to exacerbate the existing shortages in basic services.

Dhanbad, with a population of around 1.2 million and located 148 kilometers (km) east of the state capital of Ranchi, is ranked as one of the most populous towns in the state, along with Ranchi, and is a major urban center along the Damodar River. The city is challenged by inadequate basic urban services, a major aspect of which is the lack of a centralized sewerage system. Most households depend on on-site sanitation facilities, such as pit latrines or septic tanks. With a significant gap in the city's ability to efficiently collect, treat, and dispose of sewage and fecal sludge, groundwater and surface drains are contaminated, exacerbating environmental issues within the city. One of its critical consequences is the pollution of the Damodar River which extends to the Ganga River since Damodar is a tributary of Ganga. Given these circumstances, there is an urgency in managing this pollution to ensure a cleaner environment and a more livable city.

The Government of India places high importance on the conservation of the Ganga River basin and the management of river water quality. The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) plays a vital role in addressing the river's severe pollution challenges. NMCG extensively promotes sewerage infrastructure development, biodiversity conservation, development of river management plans, and public awareness through providing funds and monitoring the sanctioned projects with a priority on five states in the basin, including Jharkhand. In the endeavor to clean the Ganga River and to improve the sanitation situation in Dhanbad, the Government of Jharkhand obtained fund approval from NMCG to develop sewerage treatment plants (STP) along with interception and diversion system in Dhanbad. This NMCG project will establish (a) five STPs with a total capacity of 192 million liters per day (MLD), one in each of the five sewerage zones; and (b) a total of 14 km interception and diversion system in the five zones to reroute the sewerage, preventing it from entering the Damodar River and ensuring its transportation to the STPs. As the sewer network is not included in this project funded by NMCG, its development is essential for the establishment of the sewerage system to collect, transport, and treat the wastewater in the entire town.

Further, in Dhanbad, there are three ongoing projects to develop new water supply systems to expand the existing service to cover the entire city. The project components include intakes, water treatment plants, pipe networks, and household connections targeted to be completed by 2027. The total project cost is around $110 million with funding from the state government and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) by the Government of India. To meet the AMRUT guideline, Dhanbad's water supply services will be upgraded from the current intermittent supply of 8290 liters per capita per day (lpcd) to a continuous 24x7 supply at 150 lpcd. This enhancement will result in an increase in the total water supply amount from the current 184 MLD to 258 MLD in 2027. The substantial augmentation of the water supply capacity will lead to a corresponding increase in wastewater. There is, therefore, an urgent need for the development of a sewerage system to cope with the increased amount of sewage.

Impact

Sustainable cities developed that are spatially, economically, and socially inclusive

Outcome

Living environment in the project area and sustainability of Dhanbad Municipal Corporation services improved.

Outputs

Output 1: Inclusive sanitation system in Dhanbad established.

Geographical Location
Dhanbad

Safeguard Categories

Environment
B
Involuntary Resettlement
B
Indigenous Peoples
C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspects
Involuntary Resettlement
Indigenous Peoples

Stakeholder Communication, Participation, and Consultation

During Project Design
During Project Implementation

Contact

Responsible ADB Officer
Tada, Momoko
Responsible ADB Department
Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division
Water and Urban Development Sector Office (SG-WUD)
Executing Agencies
Urban Dev't & Housing Dep't, Gov of Jharkhand

Timetable

Concept Clearance
25 Apr 2024
Fact Finding
29 Jul 2024 to 06 Aug 2024
MRM
-
Approval
-
Last Review Mission
-
Last PDS Update
26 Apr 2024

Funding

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Safeguard Documents See also: Safeguards
Safeguard documents provided at the time of project/facility approval may also be found in the list of linked documents provided with the Report and Recommendation of the President.

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Evaluation Documents See also: Independent Evaluation

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Related Publications

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Tenders

No tenders for this project were found.

Contracts Awarded

No contracts awarded for this project were found

Procurement Plan

None currently available.