Enhancing ADB’s Support for Social Protection to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals: Nepal - 2018 Social Protection Indicator

Consultants' Reports | April 2023

The Social Protection Indicator (SPI) for FY2018 has been calculated at 2.7% of Nepal's GDP per capita. Of the overall SPI, 1.9% went to social insurance,0.8% to social assistance, and 0.4% to labor market programs. SPI analysis for FY2018 reveals that the average amount of social protection benefits received per actual beneficiaries was about 9.4% of GDP per capita (depth) and reached 29.1% of the intended beneficiaries (breadth). The average benefit per actual beneficiary of social insurance was highest, at 39.6% of GDP per capita, while it was 3.4% and 1.0% for social assistance and labor market program, respectively. Social assistance programs had the highest breadth of coverage at 24.2% of the targeted beneficiaries. Social insurance covered 4.9% and labor market programs reached less than 1.0% of the intended beneficiaries. Data indicate that only a small segment of the population is receiving a sizable amount of the actual benefits (depth), in the form of social insurance, and most beneficiaries (breadth) are receiving a small amount of social assistance.

Consultants' reports describe activities by a consultant or group of consultants related to preparing a technical assistance project.

This document dated April 2023 is provided for the ADB project 52012-001 in Nepal.