Enhancing ADB’s Support for Social Protection to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals: Tonga - 2018 Social Protection Indicator

Consultants' Reports | April 2023

The aggregate Social Protection Indicator (SPI) for Tonga in 2018 is estimated at 1.5% of GDP per capita, compared to 1.8% in 2015, reflecting the higher GDP per capita level in 2018. The SPI for social insurance was 1.0% of GDP per capita in 2018 (1.3% in 2015). The SPI for social assistance remained at 0.4%, and the SPI for labor market programs remained at 0.1%. The low aggregate SPI for Tonga indicates a relatively low level of formal social protection for key target groups, with the exception of the elderly.

Consultants' reports describe activities by a consultant or group of consultants related to preparing a technical assistance project.

This document dated April 2023 is provided for the ADB project 52012-001 in Tonga.