15 Fairer Ways to Share Land for Better Infrastructure and Urban Renewal

Publication | July 2021

Meeting developing Asia and the Pacific’s demand for quality infrastructure and renewed urban environments that can support inclusive post-pandemic growth will require the steady but equitable acquisition of land.

Land is a necessary input in any infrastructure or renewal project. These projects require large and contiguous land parcels, which have to be procured in a time-bound manner. The scale of economies associated with infrastructure provisioning makes it difficult for a competitive market to provide many of these services and can lead to market failure. Privately-held or indigenous lands are often required for public purposes. In many countries that favor private property rights, procuring land for public infrastructure through a market process is challenging.

Key points
  • Meeting developing Asia and the Pacific’s demand for high-quality, integrated infrastructure and renewed, sustainable urban environments will require the steady but equitable acquisition of land that is usually owned or inhabited by prior occupants.
  • In many countries that favor private property rights, procuring land for public infrastructure through a market process continues to be challenging; usually prolonged and divisive.
  • Title certainty and private property ownership do not necessarily guarantee security of tenure and the well-being of urban poor citizens.
  • Land readjustment and other case-based policies explained here allows landowners to benefit from the increased land value that occurs due to infrastructure development, or stay in possession rather than being unwillingly relocated.
  • These practical policies are designed to minimize or mitigate adverse environmental and social impacts, family disruptions, and promote the rights of those likely to be affected or left behind by the development process. Moreover, they are applicable to developed markets as well.
  • A useful toolkit of defined policies and a systematized taxonomy of practices that make land sharing more equitable is also annexed.
Policy Brief No: 2021-3

Additional Details

Author
Type
Series
Subjects
  • Urban development
Countries
  • India
  • Japan
ISSN
  • 2411-6734