Afghanistan: Modernizing Asia's Crossroads
As Afghanistan's fourth-largest donor, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has helped stimulate the economy, drive through critical reforms, and repair the country's shattered infrastructure. ADB suspended operations in the country in 1989 because of civil war, but returned in late 2001 and has provided $2.1 billion in loans, grants, guarantees, and technical assistance. ADB has concentrated its loans and grants in energy, transport, irrigation, agriculture, governance, and finance. ADB has used private sector support to help invigorate banking and telecommunications.
- Afghanistan and ADB: A Partnership for Stability
- ADB's Contribution to Development and Poverty Reduction
- Operational Effectiveness: Improving Efficiency and Performance
- Future Challenges