Asia Bond Monitor - September 2011

Publication | September 2011

The Asia Bond Monitor reviews recent developments in East Asian local currency bond markets along with the outlook, risks, and policy options. Sections have updates on global and regional bond markets, and policy and regulatory developments.

  • US$45.00 (paperback)

The external environment facing emerging East Asia is bleak. Market turbulence has prompted safe haven flows into gold, long-dated bonds, and higher quality corporate papers. The unresolved sovereign debt issues in the United States (US) and the ongoing eurozone debt crisis have led investors to re-think definitions of risk-free and risky assets.

Rising inflationary pressures in the first half of 2011 led to a steady stream of policy rate hikes across the region. However, the monetary policy stance in most markets could become more neutral as authorities in the region move to cushion against any anticipated slowdown in mature markets.

Capital flows into emerging East Asian bond markets remain strong as investors chase yields. Relatively strong economic fundamentals, interest rate differentials, and the potential appreciation of regional currencies are all key pull factors.

There has been a bullish flattening of government bond yield curves in most markets. Yields dropped sharply after the recent downgrade by Standard and Poor’s (S&P) of its sovereign rating for the United States to AA+ from AAA.

Here are some highlights in this issue:

  • Total local currency (LCY) bonds in emerging East Asia grew 7.7% on a year-on-year (y-o-y) basis in 2Q11—and 2.4% on a quarter-on-quarter (q-o-q) basis—to US$5.5 trillion, driven more by the y-o-y growth rate for corporate bonds (19.6%) than for government bonds (2.7%).
  • The most rapidly growing bond markets in 2Q11 were Viet Nam, Singapore, and Malaysia, whose LCY bond markets expanded 5.0%, 4.3%, and 3.7% q-o-q, respectively. The People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) market grew 2.7% q-o-q in 2Q11, reflecting a modest 1.6% increase in its government bond sector, almost the same as for the region-wide government bond market.
  • Governments in three emerging East Asian economies—Hong Kong, China; the Republic of Korea; and Thailand—issued inflation-linked bonds in the first half of the year.
  • LCY bond issuance dropped sharply in 2Q11 on the back of a decline in issuance of short-term bills by central banks and monetary authorities, which was mostly a result of reduced sterilization activities. Meanwhile, authorities issued more at the long-end of the yield curve, taking advantage of the compression of spreads between 2- and 10-year government bonds.
  • Issuance by government sector entities—other than central banks and monetary authorities—rose 7.4% q-o-q and 11.6% y-o-y, while issuance from corporates increased 11.8% q-o-q and 10.7% y-o-y.
  • The corporate bond market in emerging East Asia expanded 4.4% q-o-q in 2Q11, led by Indonesia, which grew 8.9%, followed by the PRC, Malaysia, and Singapore.

This publication reviews recent developments in East Asian local currency bond markets along with the outlook, risks, and policy options. It covers the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations plus the People's Republic of China; Hong Kong, China; and the Republic of Korea.


  • Highlights
  • Introduction: Global and Regional Market Developments
  • Bond Market Developments in the Second Quarter of 2011
  • Policy and Regulatory Developments
  • Market Summaries

Additional Details

  • Economics
  • Finance sector development
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Cambodia
  • China, People's Republic of
  • Indonesia
  • Korea, Republic of
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Malaysia
  • Myanmar
  • Philippines
  • Singapore
  • Thailand
  • Viet Nam
  • RPS113955
  • 978-92-9092-426-5 (Print)
  • 978-92-9092-427-2 (Web)
  • 2219-1518 (Print)
  • 2219-1526 (Web)

Subscribe to our monthly digest of latest ADB publications.

Follow ADB Publications on social media.