Budget Accountability Systems: What the Open Budget Survey Shows about Countries in the Asia and Pacific Region | Asian Development Bank

Budget Accountability Systems: What the Open Budget Survey Shows about Countries in the Asia and Pacific Region

Publication | November 2016
Budget Accountability Systems: What the Open Budget Survey Shows about Countries in the Asia and Pacific Region

The budget is perhaps the government’s most powerful tool to tackle economic and social challenges and pursue desired policy goals.

Meeting international development goals will depend on national budget policies adopted to support their implementation. What a government proposes in its budget could literally change lives, particularly for those who are poor and marginalized and rely heavily on public services to meet their basic needs. The public needs to know what spending and tax policies the budget proposes, have a voice in budget decisions, and be able to hold government accountable for managing public money. However, in most countries, public budget systems and practices do not measure up, according to the Open Budget Survey (OBS) 2015.

About the Open Budget Survey

The Open Budget Survey (OBS) is the world’s only independent comparable measure of budget transparency, participation, and oversight. The 2015 OBS covers 102 countries, including 23 developing countries in Asia and the Pacific. It examines the current state of budget transparency and how it has changed over time; the degree to which opportunities for public participation in the budget process are present; and the strength of the two formal oversight institutions, the legislature and the supreme audit institution.