Central and Local Government Relations in Asia: Achieving Fiscal Sustainability
This book’s insights are essential for policy makers in Asia and academics and researchers in the areas of economic development, public finance, and fiscal policy as well as development aid officials, multilateral banks, and NGOs.
Sustainable and inclusive growth in emerging Asian economies requires high levels of public investment in areas such as infrastructure, education, health, and social services. The increasing complexity and regional diversity of these investment needs, together with the trend of democratization, has led to fiscal decentralization being implemented in many Asian economies. This book takes stock of some major issues regarding fiscal decentralization, including expenditure and revenue assignments, transfer programs, and the sustainability of local government finances, and develops important findings and policy recommendations.
The book’s expert contributors assess the current state of the allocation of expenditures and revenues between central and local governments in emerging Asian economies and discuss their major strengths and weaknesses. They also present relevant case studies of experiences and reform measures related to strengthening and monitoring local government finance, including the implications of expanded fiscal capacity for infrastructure investment and other public spending. Covering the major Asian economies of the People’s Republic of China, India, Indonesia, and Japan, among others, the book focuses on the economic incentives of transfer schemes, how intergovernmental fiscal equalization works, and how subnational government borrowing regulations could influence debt dynamics and the fiscal deficits of local governments.
Co-published with Edward Elgar. For orders, please contact Edward Elgar.
Edited by: Naoyuki Yoshino and Peter J. Morgan
‘This book is characterized by a strong team of authors including international consultants with in-depth experience in the area and regional experts. The combined first two chapters nicely summarize conceptual issues, present key regional facts, and raise issues worthy of further analysis. Of particular interest, in my opinion, is the trifecta of chapters in Part II on the Mechanisms for Promoting Fiscal Sustainability at the Local Government Level that cover much more than Asia. Finally, five countries are examined in some depth. Overall, a worthwhile read for anyone interested in decentralization.’ – François Vaillancourt, Université de Montréal, Canada
- Part I: Frameworks for Central–Local Government Relations
- Frameworks for central–local government relations and fiscal sustainability
- Looking beyond conventional intergovernmental fiscal frameworks: principles, realities, and neglected issues
- Part II: Mechanisms for Promoting Fiscal Sustainability at the Local Government Level
- Federalism, fiscal space, and public investment spending: do fiscal rules impose hard budget constraints?
- Fiscal equalization schemes and subcentral government borrowing
- How well do subnational borrowing regulations work?
- Part III: Country Studies of Central–Local Government Relations
- The fiscal risk of local government revenue in the People’s Republic of China
- Key issues of central and local government finance in the People’s Republic of China
- Government decentralization program in Indonesia
- Case study of central and local government finance in Japan
- Fiscal decentralization and local budget deficits in Viet Nam: an empirical analysis
- Part IV: Behavioral Implications of Central–Local Government Relations
- Debt dynamics, fiscal deficit, and stability in government borrowing in India: a dynamic panel analysis
- Forms of government decentralization and institutional quality: evidence from a large sample of nations