Cobenefits and Trade-Offs of Green and Clean Energy: Evidence from the Academic Literature and Asian Case Studies
This paper assesses the positive cobenefits of promoting green and clean energy in Asia, and discusses four case studies where cobenefits have been delivered in practice in Indonesia, People's Republic of China, Japan, and Singapore.
It first defines what is meant by “clean” energy across the four technological systems of cooking, renewable electricity, energy efficiency, and urban transport. It summarizes at least four general types of cobenefits to investing in these systems:
- diversification and enhanced energy security,
- jobs and green growth,
- displaced pollution and associated cost savings, and
- enhanced resilience and adaptive capacity to things like climate change and natural disasters.
The next part focuses on four case studies of where cobenefits have been delivered in practice: liquefied petroleum gas stoves in Indonesia, renewable electricity generation in the People’s Republic of China, energy efficiency in Japan, and mass transit in Singapore.
- Tables and Figures
- Conceptualizing Four Green and Clean Technologies
- Academic Literature on Cobenefits and Trade-Offs
- Exemplary Case Studies from Asia
- Conclusions and Policy Insights