Enhanced Cooperation and Integration between Indonesia and Timor-Leste: Scoping Study

Publication | July 2019

This report explores the challenges and opportunities for enhancing cross-border cooperation and integration between Indonesia and Timor-Leste.

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This report recommends how Indonesia and Timor-Leste can enhance cross-border cooperation and integration to help boost economic growth and reduce poverty. It focuses on opportunities in the tourism and livestock sectors and reviews transport connectivity, trade, and the business and investment climate. The report was undertaken at the request of the governments of Indonesia and Timor-Leste and involved extensive consultations with government, the private sector, and civil society.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Part I: Areas of Cooperation and Connectivity
    • Area Profiles
    • Development Strategies and Cross-Border Institutions
    • Trade
    • Business Development and Financial Services
    • Investment
    • Transport Connectivity and Trade Facilitation
    • Special Economic Zones
    • Conclusions
    • Recommendations
  • Part II: Tourism
    • Introduction
    • Why Tourism?
    • Challenges
    • Opportunities
    • Recommendations
    • Pilot Project
  • Part III: Livestock
    • Introduction
    • Why Livestock?
    • Situation and Problem Analysis
    • Opportunities
    • Animal Health and Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards
    • Productivity
    • Medium- to Long-Term Objectives
    • Crosscutting Recommendations
    • Road Map
    • Development Partner Partnerships
    • Gender and Environment
    • Pilot Project
  • Appendixes

Additional Details

  • Agriculture and natural resources
  • Access to rural finance, technology, and markets
  • Economics
  • Finance sector development
  • Financial inclusion and microfinance
  • Small and medium enterprise (SME) financing
  • Industry and trade
  • Regional cooperation and integration
  • Transport
  • Indonesia
  • Timor-Leste
  • 284
  • 8.5 x 11
  • TCS190259-2
  • 978-92-9261-672-4 (print)
  • 978-92-9261-673-1 (electronic)

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