Demographic and Socioeconomic Determinants of Contraceptive Use among Urban Women in the Melanesian Countries in the South Pacific: A Case Study of Port Vila Town in Vanuatu

Publication | February 1995

This paper suggests that a woman-centered strategy for population management is urgently needed. The strategy should pay attention to health-care programs and generation of greater educational and employment opportunities.

The paper analyzes various factors determining the use of contraceptives among the married women of reproductive age living in the urban areas in the Melanesian countries. The analysis relies upon the findings of the survey of women in Port Villa, the capital of Vanuatu, undertaken over a period of three months in the first half of 1994. The paper is organized into four sections. The first section delineates the past demographic trends of Vanuatu as well as Port Villa, and future projections. The second section provides a literature survey on the subject of fertility control and determinants of contraceptives in developing countries. The third section briefly outlines the methodology employed, which was used for analyzing the data collected and discusses the survey findings. The last section presents some conclusions and implications of significance for Bank operations.


  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  • Trends in Population Growth and Projections
  • A Literature Survey
  • Case Study of Vanuatu
  • Conclusions and Implications for Bank Operations
  • Appendixes

Additional Details

  • Social development and protection
  • Vanuatu


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