Demographic Change, Technological Advances, and Growth: A Cross-Country Analysis

Publication | July 2020

This paper revisits the impact of population aging on economic growth and explores how technological advancement affects this relationship.

The empirical analysis suggests that a growing share of older people combined with a shrinking working-age population lowers economic growth. The paper also finds that technological advancement and adoption help older cohorts contribute more to growth. Increased life expectancy and labor productivity also help older age-groups contribute to growth, while higher robot density narrows the difference between older and younger people’s contributions to growth. Improved total factor productivity enhances the growth contribution of people aged 50 and above.


  • Introduction
  • Impact of Population Aging on Growth
  • Impact of Demographic Change on Growth
  • Technological Advancements and the Impact of Aging on Growth
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix

Additional Details

  • Economics
  • Information and Communications Technology
  • Social development and protection
  • Aging and the Elderly
  • Social protection - labor and employment
  • 36
  • 8.5 x 11
  • 51291-001
  • 2313-6537 (print)
  • 2313-6545 (electronic)

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