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The Demographic Dividend in Bhutan: Taking Advantage of Transition

Publication | December 2019
The Demographic Dividend in Bhutan: Taking Advantage of Transition

This policy brief discusses how Bhutan can maximize the benefits of its demographic transition, which is providing a larger working-age population and a lower dependency burden.

Bhutan is undergoing a rapid demographic transition as a result of higher life expectancy and literacy rates, and a steep reduction in fertility. The country has benefited economically from a higher proportion of working-age people. However, as the demographic transition continues the old-age population will increase, turning the demographic dividend into a demographic tax. Bhutan is halfway through the dividend phase and can use these opportunities to help prepare for population aging.