Development of Environmental Laws and Jurisprudence in Pakistan

Publication | November 2013

The Office of the General Counsel at the Asian Development Bank has worked with the judiciary of Pakistan and prepared this report to review the state of the country’s environmental laws, adjudication, and implementation.

  • US$18.00 (hardcopy)
 Citable URL

The Government of Pakistan has adopted laws to combat adverse environmental impacts of unsustainable development, but there are several issues that make effective implementation of these laws and adjudication of environmental disputes difficult.

This report examines the state of environmental law, adjudication, and implementation in Pakistan, focusing on the provincial environmental protection acts of Pakistan and the institutional design, principles, and procedures provided under the law. It further examines the actual implementation of the law and the case law developed in this area with focus on the court's interpretation and enforcement of the laws.

The report also reviews the curriculum of law schools and judicial academies and suggests the future inclusion of environmental laws in their respective programs.


  • Background on the Development of Environmental Laws and Other Initiatives in Pakistan
  • Comparative Review and Analysis of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, the Punjab Act, and the Balochistan Act
  • Review of Environmental Judicial Decisions of Superior Courts in Pakistan
  • Review of Law Schools and Curriculum

Additional Details

  • Environment
  • Environmental policy and legislation
  • Governance and public sector management
  • Pakistan
  • RPT135573
  • 978-92-9254-310-5 (Print)
  • 978-92-9254-311-2 (e-ISBN)

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