Development of Solar and Wind Power in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu | Asian Development Bank

Development of Solar and Wind Power in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu

Publication | June 2013
Development of Solar and Wind Power in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu

This publication analyzes the performance of two states in India - Karnataka and Tamil Nadu - in their efforts toward installing solar and wind energy.

Currently most of the energy needs in India are met through fossil fuels. However, the potential for renewable energy in the country is enormous. While the contribution of renewable energy is 7.7% in the overall energy mix, the government is putting in a lot of efforts in increasing its share, with a target of 20 GW generation by 2022.

This publication analyzes the performance of two states in India - Karnataka and Tamil Nadu - in their efforts toward installing solar and wind energy. It attempts to distill the reasons for their success, albeit in two very different renewable energy programs. It covers the major initiatives taken by the country in the form of policy and regulations including the formation of a full-fledged Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

The report focuses on lessons learned from these states so that a supportive environment can be created in other states to promote and adopt renewables-based power. The report also covers specific recommendations to create such an environment. Apart from the program and policy dimensions, the report deals in detail with the Indian solar industry and carries out an assessment of solar technology from the point of view of their applications in the country.

This study will help policy makers and academia in further strengthening knowledge solutions for renewable energy across other countries in Asia.

Findings

The Karnataka and Tamil Nadu case studies establish that while the availability of good renewable energy resources is a key determinant, the other important factors behind the success of programs include

  • favorable policy and regulatory environment,
  • good grid network in the potential areas,
  • land availability,
  • users' awareness,
  • year-round demand, and
  • established supply chains with reliable after-sales services.

Contents 

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Overview of Indian Solar Energy Sector
  • Power Scenario in Tamil Nadu
  • Institutional Framework and Policies on Renewable Energy in Tamil Nadu
  • Power Scenario in Karnataka
  • Institutional Framework and Policies on Renewable Energy in Karnataka
  • Solar Technology Assessment and Appropriate Technology Options
  • Recommendations
  • Appendices