Do Information and Communication Technologies Empower Female Workers? Firm-Level Evidence from Viet Nam | Asian Development Bank

Do Information and Communication Technologies Empower Female Workers? Firm-Level Evidence from Viet Nam

Publication | May 2018
Do Information and Communication Technologies Empower Female Workers? Firm-Level Evidence from Viet Nam

This paper explores the effects of a firm's adoption of ICT in reducing gender inequality in the labor market.

Using Viet Nam’s comprehensive enterprise survey data, this paper finds that a firm’s adoption of broadband internet and related information and communication technologies (ICT) increased their relative demand for female and college-educated workers. The effect of ICT on a firm’s female employment is particularly strong among the college-educated employees and is weaker in industries that are more dependent on complex and interactive tasks. These results suggest that ICT reduces inequalities in female employment by creating a shift in labor demand from highly manual, routine tasks, where males have a comparative advantage toward more nonroutine tasks, where females hold a comparative advantage.

Contents 

  • Introduction
  • Literature Review
  • Changing Information and Communication Technology Policies, Technological Adoption, and Gender Differences in the Labor Market
  • Data
  • Conceptual Framework
  • Regression Specifications and Identification Strategy
  • Empirical Results
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Appendix