Do Information and Communication Technologies Empower Female Workers? Firm-Level Evidence from Viet Nam

Publication | May 2018

This paper explores the effects of a firm's adoption of ICT in reducing gender inequality in the labor market.

Using Viet Nam’s comprehensive enterprise survey data, this paper finds that a firm’s adoption of broadband internet and related information and communication technologies (ICT) increased their relative demand for female and college-educated workers. The effect of ICT on a firm’s female employment is particularly strong among the college-educated employees and is weaker in industries that are more dependent on complex and interactive tasks. These results suggest that ICT reduces inequalities in female employment by creating a shift in labor demand from highly manual, routine tasks, where males have a comparative advantage toward more nonroutine tasks, where females hold a comparative advantage.


  • Introduction
  • Literature Review
  • Changing Information and Communication Technology Policies, Technological Adoption, and Gender Differences in the Labor Market
  • Data
  • Conceptual Framework
  • Regression Specifications and Identification Strategy
  • Empirical Results
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Appendix

Additional Details

  • Gender
  • Information and Communications Technology
  • Viet Nam
  • 48
  • 8.5 x 11
  • WPS189352-2
  • 2313-6537 (print)
  • 2313-6545 (electronic)

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