E-Commerce in CAREC Countries: Laws and Policies

Publication | August 2021

This study examines the legal environment on electronic transactions along with opportunities and challenges in developing electronic commerce among members of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program.

  • US$26.00 (paperback)

Digital trade promotion has been a long-standing priority for CAREC member countries, as part of their integration into global value chains and economic diversification. The study makes a case for modernization and harmonization of legislations of CAREC countries leveraging on international instruments and best practices for electronic commerce transactions. Adequate legislation to protect personal privacy and consumers and combat cybercrime is also crucial. Finally, institutions must be built with trust, within and among countries and through regional cooperation.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Opportunities and Challenges of Electronic Communications
  • Framework for Electronic Communications Legislation
  • International Influences on Electronic Commerce Readiness
  • Legislation of CAREC Countries
  • Additional Considerations
  • Recommendations
  • Conclusion and Next Steps
  • Appendix: Overview of E-Commerce-Related Legislation in CAREC Countries

Additional Details

  • Industry and trade
  • Information and Communications Technology
  • Regional cooperation and integration
  • Afghanistan
  • Azerbaijan
  • China, People's Republic of
  • Georgia
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyz Republic
  • Mongolia
  • Pakistan
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uzbekistan
  • 78
  • 8.5 x 11
  • TCS210304-2
  • 978-92-9269-000-7 (print)
  • 978-92-9269-001-4 (electronic)
  • 978-92-9269-002-1 (ebook)

Subscribe to our monthly digest of latest ADB publications.

Follow ADB Publications on social media.