Early Childhood Development and Poverty Reduction in the People’s Republic of China

Publication | September 2021

This paper provides an overview of early childhood development in the People’s Republic of China and calls for a comprehensive and equitable early childhood development service system to build its essential public service systems.

Research has shown that investing in early childhood development generates the highest rates of return and leads to better education, health, social, and economic outcomes. After decades of neglect, the Government of the People’s Republic of China has been increasing investment in preschool education targeting children in ages 3–6 years since 2010. This is aligned with its recent national 14th Five-Year Plan (2021–2025) that highlights improving the quality of human capital as an essential goal.


  • Challenges Facing Early Childhood Development
  • History of the Early Childhood Care System for Children in Ages 0–6 Years
  • International Research on Early Childhood Development Practices and Related Interventions
  • Policy Recommendations for the Early Development of 0–3-Year-Old Children in the People's Republic of China

Additional Details

  • Education
  • Health
  • Maternal and child health
  • Nutrition
  • Youth and children
  • China, People's Republic of
  • 24
  • 8.5 x 11
  • WPS210299 2

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