Economic and Fiscal Impacts of Disasters in the Pacific | Asian Development Bank

Economic and Fiscal Impacts of Disasters in the Pacific

Publication | April 2018
Economic and Fiscal Impacts of Disasters in the Pacific

Pacific island countries need to build their fiscal and economic resilience to climate change and natural disasters as these have lasting consequences on their livelihoods, economies, and fiscal balances.

Climate change and natural disasters can have lasting consequences on livelihoods, economies, and fiscal balances—spanning immediate reconstruction costs and fiscal shocks to long-term halts in tourism and agriculture economies. Globally, the most exposed to these impacts are the Pacific island countries. The Asian Development Bank is working closely with its Pacific developing member countries to prepare for and respond to the effects of climate change and natural hazards. This publication examines the often-overlooked dimension of resilience planning—how to brace economies for shocks caused by climate change and hazard events. It analyzes the exposure and vulnerability of Pacific economies to disaster events and outlines key resources for building fiscal and economic resilience.

Contents 

  • Introduction
  • Understanding Disasters in the Pacific: Hazards, Risks, and Climate Change
  • Resources for Assessing Disaster Impacts in the Pacific
  • Typology of Disaster Impacts: Direct Damages and Economic Losses
  • Resources for Assessing Disaster Impacts in the Pacific
  • Fiscal Impacts of Disasters in the Pacific
  • Building Financial Resilience in the Pacific
  • Tool Kit for Financial Resilience in the Pacific