Ecosystem Based Adaptation to Address Climate Change Challenges in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Greater Mekong Subregion countries need to strengthen the resilience of their natural and human systems to safeguard the region’s natural wealth and development gains in the face of climate change challenges.
The publication summarizes the current state of Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) knowledge and experience on ecosystem-based approaches. It draws upon work of the GMS Core Environment Program and partner institutions, including findings from the regional workshop “Mainstreaming an Ecosystem-based Approach to Climate Change into Biodiversity Conservation Planning,” which took place 15–16 October 2013 in Ha Noi, Viet Nam.
- Ecosystem-based approaches are considered cost effective due to the multiple environmental, economic, and social benefits they can provide for human wellbeing and economic development.
- Ecosystem-based approaches can strengthen the management of transboundary biodiversity landscapes in the GMS, but will require stronger transboundary collaboration for effective implementation.
- Information gaps remain for spatial, temporal, policy, and cost–benefit conditions for effective ecosystem-based approaches.
- The technical and institutional capacity of GMS countries must be strengthened to apply ecosystem-based interventions.
- Ecosystem-based approaches need to be mainstreamed into development and conservation policies.
- Sustainable financing, utilizing public and private resources, is needed for effective implementation.