Emerging East Asian Banking Systems Ten Years after the 1997/98 Crisis

Publication | May 2008

East Asian banking has improved since the 1997/98 financial crisis through more foreign ownership, greater transparency, new lending and better supervision and regulation, but further restructuring and reform are needed.

This paper looks at the development of the banking sector in emerging East Asia in the 10 years since the financial crisis of 1997/98. It suggests that the health of banking sectors in the region has improved substantially, with key changes including increased foreign ownership, movement into new business lines, greater transparency, and shifts toward household and real estate lending. In addition, supervisory and regulatory systems have been upgraded and have become more forward looking and risk based. However, it notes that major credit rating agencies continue to maintain relatively low ratings for many banks in the region, bank share prices have generally underperformed the market, and significant differences persist in the health of the region's banking systems. In addition, bank lending to private business has been weak across much of the region. Restructuring and reform are ongoing processes and will need to continue not only where further rehabilitation from the effects of the 1997/98 crisis is still required, but in other economies as well.


  • Introduction
  • Longer-Term Financial Sector Developments and Trends
  • Structural Changes in Regional Banking Systems
  • Banking Sector Operational Efficiency, Profitability, and Soundness
  • Bank Credit Ratings, Market Values and Bank Behavior
  • Credit, Market, and Liquidity Risk
  • Assessment and Conclusions

Additional Details

  • Economics
  • Finance sector development
  • Regional cooperation and integration
  • China, People's Republic of
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Korea, Republic of
  • Mongolia
  • Taipei,China
  • PPA202108

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